Limits...
Constraints on Negative Prefixation in Polish Sign Language.

Tomaszewski P - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages.Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences).In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this article is to describe a negative prefix, NEG-, in Polish Sign Language (PJM) which appears to be indigenous to the language. This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages. Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences). In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise. The research results can enrich models for describing processes of grammaticalization in the context of the visual-gestural modality that forms the basis for sign language structure.

Show MeSH
Handshape and location assimilation in the prefixed sign NEG+ROZUMIEĆ.(A) the lexical base ROZUMIEĆ ‘understand’ (B) prefixed sign NEG+ROZUMIEĆ ‘not understand’. The individual in this figure has given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4664272&req=5

pone.0143574.g005: Handshape and location assimilation in the prefixed sign NEG+ROZUMIEĆ.(A) the lexical base ROZUMIEĆ ‘understand’ (B) prefixed sign NEG+ROZUMIEĆ ‘not understand’. The individual in this figure has given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.

Mentions: Secondly, the form of the NEG- prefix depends on the shape of the stem. In the process of prefixation, the handshape of the negation prefix NEG- is assimilated to the handshape of the lexical item to which the prefix is attached (Figs 3 and 4, S1 Fig). Also the location of NEG- is partly assimilated with the location of the stem. The full assimilation in terms of handshape and location is found, for example, in the prefixed sign NEG+ROZUMIEĆ ‘not understand’ (Fig 5B, S9 Video).


Constraints on Negative Prefixation in Polish Sign Language.

Tomaszewski P - PLoS ONE (2015)

Handshape and location assimilation in the prefixed sign NEG+ROZUMIEĆ.(A) the lexical base ROZUMIEĆ ‘understand’ (B) prefixed sign NEG+ROZUMIEĆ ‘not understand’. The individual in this figure has given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4664272&req=5

pone.0143574.g005: Handshape and location assimilation in the prefixed sign NEG+ROZUMIEĆ.(A) the lexical base ROZUMIEĆ ‘understand’ (B) prefixed sign NEG+ROZUMIEĆ ‘not understand’. The individual in this figure has given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.
Mentions: Secondly, the form of the NEG- prefix depends on the shape of the stem. In the process of prefixation, the handshape of the negation prefix NEG- is assimilated to the handshape of the lexical item to which the prefix is attached (Figs 3 and 4, S1 Fig). Also the location of NEG- is partly assimilated with the location of the stem. The full assimilation in terms of handshape and location is found, for example, in the prefixed sign NEG+ROZUMIEĆ ‘not understand’ (Fig 5B, S9 Video).

Bottom Line: This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages.Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences).In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this article is to describe a negative prefix, NEG-, in Polish Sign Language (PJM) which appears to be indigenous to the language. This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages. Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences). In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise. The research results can enrich models for describing processes of grammaticalization in the context of the visual-gestural modality that forms the basis for sign language structure.

Show MeSH