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Constraints on Negative Prefixation in Polish Sign Language.

Tomaszewski P - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages.Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences).In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this article is to describe a negative prefix, NEG-, in Polish Sign Language (PJM) which appears to be indigenous to the language. This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages. Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences). In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise. The research results can enrich models for describing processes of grammaticalization in the context of the visual-gestural modality that forms the basis for sign language structure.

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PJM sign ZDĄŻYĆ ‘make it’ with the grammaticalized negative prefix NEG-.(A) the lexicalized loan #NIE (B) the lexical base ZDĄŻYĆ ‘make it’ (C) prefixed sign NEG+ZDĄŻYĆ ‘miss’. The individual in this figure has given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.
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pone.0143574.g003: PJM sign ZDĄŻYĆ ‘make it’ with the grammaticalized negative prefix NEG-.(A) the lexicalized loan #NIE (B) the lexical base ZDĄŻYĆ ‘make it’ (C) prefixed sign NEG+ZDĄŻYĆ ‘miss’. The individual in this figure has given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.

Mentions: PJM has many prefixed signs, in which one morpheme is the negative prefix, while the other is a lexical item. Examples of such "fossilized" signs in PJM include NEG+ZDĄŻYĆ ‘miss’ (Fig 3) and NEG+ZGADZAĆ-SIĘ ‘disagree’ (Fig 4, S1 Fig), where the first morpheme includes the negative prefix, glossed as NEG-, and the other is lexical ZDĄŻYĆ ‘make it’ and ZGADZAĆ-SIĘ ‘agree’.


Constraints on Negative Prefixation in Polish Sign Language.

Tomaszewski P - PLoS ONE (2015)

PJM sign ZDĄŻYĆ ‘make it’ with the grammaticalized negative prefix NEG-.(A) the lexicalized loan #NIE (B) the lexical base ZDĄŻYĆ ‘make it’ (C) prefixed sign NEG+ZDĄŻYĆ ‘miss’. The individual in this figure has given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4664272&req=5

pone.0143574.g003: PJM sign ZDĄŻYĆ ‘make it’ with the grammaticalized negative prefix NEG-.(A) the lexicalized loan #NIE (B) the lexical base ZDĄŻYĆ ‘make it’ (C) prefixed sign NEG+ZDĄŻYĆ ‘miss’. The individual in this figure has given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.
Mentions: PJM has many prefixed signs, in which one morpheme is the negative prefix, while the other is a lexical item. Examples of such "fossilized" signs in PJM include NEG+ZDĄŻYĆ ‘miss’ (Fig 3) and NEG+ZGADZAĆ-SIĘ ‘disagree’ (Fig 4, S1 Fig), where the first morpheme includes the negative prefix, glossed as NEG-, and the other is lexical ZDĄŻYĆ ‘make it’ and ZGADZAĆ-SIĘ ‘agree’.

Bottom Line: This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages.Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences).In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this article is to describe a negative prefix, NEG-, in Polish Sign Language (PJM) which appears to be indigenous to the language. This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages. Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences). In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise. The research results can enrich models for describing processes of grammaticalization in the context of the visual-gestural modality that forms the basis for sign language structure.

Show MeSH