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Constraints on Negative Prefixation in Polish Sign Language.

Tomaszewski P - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages.Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences).In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this article is to describe a negative prefix, NEG-, in Polish Sign Language (PJM) which appears to be indigenous to the language. This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages. Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences). In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise. The research results can enrich models for describing processes of grammaticalization in the context of the visual-gestural modality that forms the basis for sign language structure.

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Two ways of articulating the fingerspelled loan sign #NIE: lexically or expressively.The two individuals in this figure have given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.
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pone.0143574.g002: Two ways of articulating the fingerspelled loan sign #NIE: lexically or expressively.The two individuals in this figure have given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.

Mentions: While the articulation of #NIE has been described above, it is necessary to show in what contexts it may be used. The negator #NIE can be used as a whole utterance, for example as an answer to a question. At the pragmatic level, the sign #NIE is often used alone to give a negative answer. Also, #NIE may take on a prosodic feature. Some PJM signs may undergo an energetic articulatory lengthening which has an expressive value. There is a similar process in Polish where a vowel or consonant can be lengthened for expressive purposes. As Fig 2 shows, the negator #NIE may, under certain emotional conditions, be elongated, corresponding prosodically to the Polish negator Nieee! 'Nooo!' (where the repeated letter indicates lengthening).


Constraints on Negative Prefixation in Polish Sign Language.

Tomaszewski P - PLoS ONE (2015)

Two ways of articulating the fingerspelled loan sign #NIE: lexically or expressively.The two individuals in this figure have given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4664272&req=5

pone.0143574.g002: Two ways of articulating the fingerspelled loan sign #NIE: lexically or expressively.The two individuals in this figure have given written informed consent (as outlined in PLOS consent form) to publish these case details.
Mentions: While the articulation of #NIE has been described above, it is necessary to show in what contexts it may be used. The negator #NIE can be used as a whole utterance, for example as an answer to a question. At the pragmatic level, the sign #NIE is often used alone to give a negative answer. Also, #NIE may take on a prosodic feature. Some PJM signs may undergo an energetic articulatory lengthening which has an expressive value. There is a similar process in Polish where a vowel or consonant can be lengthened for expressive purposes. As Fig 2 shows, the negator #NIE may, under certain emotional conditions, be elongated, corresponding prosodically to the Polish negator Nieee! 'Nooo!' (where the repeated letter indicates lengthening).

Bottom Line: This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages.Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences).In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The aim of this article is to describe a negative prefix, NEG-, in Polish Sign Language (PJM) which appears to be indigenous to the language. This is of interest given the relative rarity of prefixes in sign languages. Prefixed PJM signs were analyzed on the basis of both a corpus of texts signed by 15 deaf PJM users who are either native or near-native signers, and material including a specified range of prefixed signs as demonstrated by native signers in dictionary form (i.e. signs produced in isolation, not as part of phrases or sentences). In order to define the morphological rules behind prefixation on both the phonological and morphological levels, native PJM users were consulted for their expertise. The research results can enrich models for describing processes of grammaticalization in the context of the visual-gestural modality that forms the basis for sign language structure.

Show MeSH