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What's in a Friendship? Partner Visibility Supports Cognitive Collaboration between Friends.

Brennan AA, Enns JT - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Not all cognitive collaborations are equally effective.Secondary measures suggested that verbal communication differences, but not psychophysiological arousal, contributed to these effects.Analysis of covariance indicated that females contributed more than males to overall levels of collaboration, but that the interaction of friendship and visibility was independent of that effect.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada.

ABSTRACT
Not all cognitive collaborations are equally effective. We tested whether friendship and communication influenced collaborative efficiency by randomly assigning participants to complete a cognitive task with a friend or non-friend, while visible to their partner or separated by a partition. Collaborative efficiency was indexed by comparing each pair's performance to an optimal individual performance model of the same two people. The outcome was a strong interaction between friendship and partner visibility. Friends collaborated more efficiently than non-friends when visible to one another, but a partition that prevented pair members from seeing one another reduced the collaborative efficiency of friends and non-friends to a similar lower level. Secondary measures suggested that verbal communication differences, but not psychophysiological arousal, contributed to these effects. Analysis of covariance indicated that females contributed more than males to overall levels of collaboration, but that the interaction of friendship and visibility was independent of that effect. These findings highlight the critical role of partner visibility in the collaborative success of friends.

Show MeSH
Mean collaborative efficiency as a function of friendship and partner visibility.Collaborative efficiency values index the difference between team performance and the optimal individual performance model (in msec). Friends collaborated more efficiently than non-friends, but only when they were visible to each other. Error bars represent 95% confidence intervals around each mean. The asterisk denotes a significant interaction between friendship and partner visibility.
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pone.0143469.g003: Mean collaborative efficiency as a function of friendship and partner visibility.Collaborative efficiency values index the difference between team performance and the optimal individual performance model (in msec). Friends collaborated more efficiently than non-friends, but only when they were visible to each other. Error bars represent 95% confidence intervals around each mean. The asterisk denotes a significant interaction between friendship and partner visibility.

Mentions: The effects of friendship (friends, non-friends) and partner visibility (visible, partition) were tested with a 2 X 2 between groups ANOVA. As shown in Fig 3, teams were more efficient when visible to one another than when a partition prevented team members from seeing each other [F(1, 68) = 10.45, p = .002, ηp2 = .13]. Importantly, partner visibility and friendship interacted such that friends collaborated more efficiently than non-friends, but only when they were not separated by a partition [F(1, 68) = 5.50, p = .022, ηp2 = .08]. When partner visibility was prevented with a partition, the efficiency of collaboration between friends and non-friends did not differ.


What's in a Friendship? Partner Visibility Supports Cognitive Collaboration between Friends.

Brennan AA, Enns JT - PLoS ONE (2015)

Mean collaborative efficiency as a function of friendship and partner visibility.Collaborative efficiency values index the difference between team performance and the optimal individual performance model (in msec). Friends collaborated more efficiently than non-friends, but only when they were visible to each other. Error bars represent 95% confidence intervals around each mean. The asterisk denotes a significant interaction between friendship and partner visibility.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4664270&req=5

pone.0143469.g003: Mean collaborative efficiency as a function of friendship and partner visibility.Collaborative efficiency values index the difference between team performance and the optimal individual performance model (in msec). Friends collaborated more efficiently than non-friends, but only when they were visible to each other. Error bars represent 95% confidence intervals around each mean. The asterisk denotes a significant interaction between friendship and partner visibility.
Mentions: The effects of friendship (friends, non-friends) and partner visibility (visible, partition) were tested with a 2 X 2 between groups ANOVA. As shown in Fig 3, teams were more efficient when visible to one another than when a partition prevented team members from seeing each other [F(1, 68) = 10.45, p = .002, ηp2 = .13]. Importantly, partner visibility and friendship interacted such that friends collaborated more efficiently than non-friends, but only when they were not separated by a partition [F(1, 68) = 5.50, p = .022, ηp2 = .08]. When partner visibility was prevented with a partition, the efficiency of collaboration between friends and non-friends did not differ.

Bottom Line: Not all cognitive collaborations are equally effective.Secondary measures suggested that verbal communication differences, but not psychophysiological arousal, contributed to these effects.Analysis of covariance indicated that females contributed more than males to overall levels of collaboration, but that the interaction of friendship and visibility was independent of that effect.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada.

ABSTRACT
Not all cognitive collaborations are equally effective. We tested whether friendship and communication influenced collaborative efficiency by randomly assigning participants to complete a cognitive task with a friend or non-friend, while visible to their partner or separated by a partition. Collaborative efficiency was indexed by comparing each pair's performance to an optimal individual performance model of the same two people. The outcome was a strong interaction between friendship and partner visibility. Friends collaborated more efficiently than non-friends when visible to one another, but a partition that prevented pair members from seeing one another reduced the collaborative efficiency of friends and non-friends to a similar lower level. Secondary measures suggested that verbal communication differences, but not psychophysiological arousal, contributed to these effects. Analysis of covariance indicated that females contributed more than males to overall levels of collaboration, but that the interaction of friendship and visibility was independent of that effect. These findings highlight the critical role of partner visibility in the collaborative success of friends.

Show MeSH