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How Do Children Behave Regarding Their Birth Order in Dental Setting?

Ghaderi F, Fijan S, Hamedani S - J Dent (Shiraz) (2015)

Bottom Line: The results showed that single children were significantly less cooperative and more anxious than the other children (p<0.001).The middle children were significantly more cooperative in comparison with the other child's position (p< 0.001).The order of child birth must also be considered in prediction of child's behavior for behavioral management.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dept. of Pediatrics, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Statement of the problem: Prediction of child cooperation level in dental setting is an important issue for a dentist to select the proper behavior management method. Many psychological studies have emphasized the effect of birth order on patient behavior and personality; however, only a few researches evaluated the effect of birth order on child's behavior in dental setting.

Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate the influence of children ordinal position on their behavior in dental setting.

Materials and method: A total of 158 children with at least one primary mandibular molar needing class I restoration were selected. Children were classified based on the ordinal position; first, middle, or last child as well as single child. A blinded examiner recorded the pain perception of children during injection based on Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Sound, Eye and Movement (SEM) scale. To assess the child's anxiety, the questionnaire known as "Dental Subscale of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule" (CFSS-DS) was employed.

Results: The results showed that single children were significantly less cooperative and more anxious than the other children (p<0.001). The middle children were significantly more cooperative in comparison with the other child's position (p< 0.001).

Conclusion: Single child may behave less cooperatively in dental setting. The order of child birth must also be considered in prediction of child's behavior for behavioral management.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)
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Figure 1: Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)

Mentions: Using VAS assessment method (Figure 1), the subjects were instructed how to point their fingers to the position on the line between faces to indicate the amount of pain they felt. In this system, a 100-mm long row, ranging from very happy to very unhappy face was used. The total scores of perceiving pain ranged from 0 to 100. The children were invited to indicate their response on the row of faces. The pain perception was recorded based on measuring the distance (in millimeters) from the left end bar to the point that was mentioned by child. Higher scores indicated more severe pain.[14]


How Do Children Behave Regarding Their Birth Order in Dental Setting?

Ghaderi F, Fijan S, Hamedani S - J Dent (Shiraz) (2015)

Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4664030&req=5

Figure 1: Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)
Mentions: Using VAS assessment method (Figure 1), the subjects were instructed how to point their fingers to the position on the line between faces to indicate the amount of pain they felt. In this system, a 100-mm long row, ranging from very happy to very unhappy face was used. The total scores of perceiving pain ranged from 0 to 100. The children were invited to indicate their response on the row of faces. The pain perception was recorded based on measuring the distance (in millimeters) from the left end bar to the point that was mentioned by child. Higher scores indicated more severe pain.[14]

Bottom Line: The results showed that single children were significantly less cooperative and more anxious than the other children (p<0.001).The middle children were significantly more cooperative in comparison with the other child's position (p< 0.001).The order of child birth must also be considered in prediction of child's behavior for behavioral management.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dept. of Pediatrics, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Statement of the problem: Prediction of child cooperation level in dental setting is an important issue for a dentist to select the proper behavior management method. Many psychological studies have emphasized the effect of birth order on patient behavior and personality; however, only a few researches evaluated the effect of birth order on child's behavior in dental setting.

Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate the influence of children ordinal position on their behavior in dental setting.

Materials and method: A total of 158 children with at least one primary mandibular molar needing class I restoration were selected. Children were classified based on the ordinal position; first, middle, or last child as well as single child. A blinded examiner recorded the pain perception of children during injection based on Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Sound, Eye and Movement (SEM) scale. To assess the child's anxiety, the questionnaire known as "Dental Subscale of the Children's Fear Survey Schedule" (CFSS-DS) was employed.

Results: The results showed that single children were significantly less cooperative and more anxious than the other children (p<0.001). The middle children were significantly more cooperative in comparison with the other child's position (p< 0.001).

Conclusion: Single child may behave less cooperatively in dental setting. The order of child birth must also be considered in prediction of child's behavior for behavioral management.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus