Limits...
Hypertension and diabetes-related morbidity and mortality trends in a municipality in the countryside of São Paulo.

Reis AF, Lima JC, Beccaria LM, Ribeiro Rde C, Ribeiro DF, Cesarino CB - Rev Lat Am Enfermagem (2015 Nov-Dec)

Bottom Line: There was a significant association between admittance and death causes and patients' gender and age in the three-year periods (p<0.001).The highest lethality in hospital admissions was found to be due to CVD (10%).Those findings can back public policies which prioritize the promotion of health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto, São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To identify the main causes for hospital admissions and deaths related to systemic arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM), and to analyze morbidity and mortality trends, in a municipality in São Paulo's countryside, by comparing two three-years periods, 2002 to 2004 and 2010 to 2012.

Methods: Cross-sectional study which used secondary data regarding deaths from the Information System on Mortality and concerning hospital admissions from the DataSus Hospital Information System. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were conducted.

Results: From 2002 to 2012, 325,439 people were admitted to hospitals, 14.7% of them due to circulatory system diseases (CSD) and 0.7% due to DM. The deaths distributed as the following: 29,027 deaths (31.5%) were due to CSD; 8.06% due to cerebrovascular diseases (CVD); and 2.75% due to DM. There was a significant association between admittance and death causes and patients' gender and age in the three-year periods (p<0.001). The highest lethality in hospital admissions was found to be due to CVD (10%). That trend showed that mortality rates dropped, younger patients were admitted due to DM, and older patients were admitted due to CVD - they were more often females.

Conclusion: The main causes for hospital admissions were the CSDs; main mortality causes were the CVDs in hypertensive and diabetic women. Those findings can back public policies which prioritize the promotion of health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

- Distribution of causes for hospital admissions: diabetes, cerebrovasculardiseases (CVDs), ischemic heart diseases (IHD), and circulatory causes,according to age ranges, genders, lethality in São José do Rio Preto, SP state,three-year periods from 2002 to 2004 and from 2010 to 2012.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4664017&req=5

f1: - Distribution of causes for hospital admissions: diabetes, cerebrovasculardiseases (CVDs), ischemic heart diseases (IHD), and circulatory causes,according to age ranges, genders, lethality in São José do Rio Preto, SP state,three-year periods from 2002 to 2004 and from 2010 to 2012.

Mentions: Through MCA, it is possible to observe in Figure 1that the following variables were evaluated: three-year period, age (classified as ageranges), gender, admission causes, and lethality. In quadrants 1 and 2, the analysisresults regarding the three-year periods can be found. They do not differ significantly,as they are located close to each other and to the origin in the chart. In quadrant 2,dead inpatients were found to be 70 years or older, and their main cause for admissionwas CVD. Quadrant 3 shows that patients who were admitted due to diabetes or other CSDsare males who are younger than 39 years old. In quadrant 4, IHD inpatients are observedto generally be females of ages between 50 and 69 years.


Hypertension and diabetes-related morbidity and mortality trends in a municipality in the countryside of São Paulo.

Reis AF, Lima JC, Beccaria LM, Ribeiro Rde C, Ribeiro DF, Cesarino CB - Rev Lat Am Enfermagem (2015 Nov-Dec)

- Distribution of causes for hospital admissions: diabetes, cerebrovasculardiseases (CVDs), ischemic heart diseases (IHD), and circulatory causes,according to age ranges, genders, lethality in São José do Rio Preto, SP state,three-year periods from 2002 to 2004 and from 2010 to 2012.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4664017&req=5

f1: - Distribution of causes for hospital admissions: diabetes, cerebrovasculardiseases (CVDs), ischemic heart diseases (IHD), and circulatory causes,according to age ranges, genders, lethality in São José do Rio Preto, SP state,three-year periods from 2002 to 2004 and from 2010 to 2012.
Mentions: Through MCA, it is possible to observe in Figure 1that the following variables were evaluated: three-year period, age (classified as ageranges), gender, admission causes, and lethality. In quadrants 1 and 2, the analysisresults regarding the three-year periods can be found. They do not differ significantly,as they are located close to each other and to the origin in the chart. In quadrant 2,dead inpatients were found to be 70 years or older, and their main cause for admissionwas CVD. Quadrant 3 shows that patients who were admitted due to diabetes or other CSDsare males who are younger than 39 years old. In quadrant 4, IHD inpatients are observedto generally be females of ages between 50 and 69 years.

Bottom Line: There was a significant association between admittance and death causes and patients' gender and age in the three-year periods (p<0.001).The highest lethality in hospital admissions was found to be due to CVD (10%).Those findings can back public policies which prioritize the promotion of health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto, São José do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To identify the main causes for hospital admissions and deaths related to systemic arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus (DM), and to analyze morbidity and mortality trends, in a municipality in São Paulo's countryside, by comparing two three-years periods, 2002 to 2004 and 2010 to 2012.

Methods: Cross-sectional study which used secondary data regarding deaths from the Information System on Mortality and concerning hospital admissions from the DataSus Hospital Information System. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses were conducted.

Results: From 2002 to 2012, 325,439 people were admitted to hospitals, 14.7% of them due to circulatory system diseases (CSD) and 0.7% due to DM. The deaths distributed as the following: 29,027 deaths (31.5%) were due to CSD; 8.06% due to cerebrovascular diseases (CVD); and 2.75% due to DM. There was a significant association between admittance and death causes and patients' gender and age in the three-year periods (p<0.001). The highest lethality in hospital admissions was found to be due to CVD (10%). That trend showed that mortality rates dropped, younger patients were admitted due to DM, and older patients were admitted due to CVD - they were more often females.

Conclusion: The main causes for hospital admissions were the CSDs; main mortality causes were the CVDs in hypertensive and diabetic women. Those findings can back public policies which prioritize the promotion of health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus