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Analysis of Dietary Pattern Impact on Weight Status for Personalised Nutrition through On-Line Advice: The Food4Me Spanish Cohort.

San-Cristobal R, Navas-Carretero S, Celis-Morales C, Brennan L, Walsh M, Lovegrove JA, Daniel H, Saris WH, Traczyk I, Manios Y, Gibney ER, Gibney MJ, Mathers JC, Martinez JA - Nutrients (2015)

Bottom Line: A total of four categories were defined (Prudent, Healthy, Western, and Compensatory) through classification of the sample in higher or lower adherence to each factor and combining the possibilities.Western and Compensatory dietary patterns, which were characterized by high-density foods consumption, showed positive associations with overweight prevalence.Further analysis showed that prevention of overweight must focus on limiting the intake of known deleterious foods rather than exclusively enhance healthy products.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Nutrition, Food Science and Physiology, Centre for Nutrition Research, University of Navarra, Pamplona 31008, Spain. rsan.1@alumni.unav.es.

ABSTRACT
Obesity prevalence is increasing. The management of this condition requires a detailed analysis of the global risk factors in order to develop personalised advice. This study is aimed to identify current dietary patterns and habits in Spanish population interested in personalised nutrition and investigate associations with weight status. Self-reported dietary and anthropometrical data from the Spanish participants in the Food4Me study, were used in a multidimensional exploratory analysis to define specific dietary profiles. Two opposing factors were obtained according to food groups' intake: Factor 1 characterised by a more frequent consumption of traditionally considered unhealthy foods; and Factor 2, where the consumption of "Mediterranean diet" foods was prevalent. Factor 1 showed a direct relationship with BMI (β = 0.226; r² = 0.259; p < 0.001), while the association with Factor 2 was inverse (β = -0.037; r² = 0.230; p = 0.348). A total of four categories were defined (Prudent, Healthy, Western, and Compensatory) through classification of the sample in higher or lower adherence to each factor and combining the possibilities. Western and Compensatory dietary patterns, which were characterized by high-density foods consumption, showed positive associations with overweight prevalence. Further analysis showed that prevention of overweight must focus on limiting the intake of known deleterious foods rather than exclusively enhance healthy products.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

(a) Least square means of BMI for each dietary pattern. Values are adjusted for age, gender, energy intake reported, physical activity factor, smoking habit, and supplement user; (b) Prevalence of normal weight, overweight and obesity by dietary pattern; (c) Prevalence ratio and confidence interval (95%) for obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2).
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nutrients-07-05482-f004: (a) Least square means of BMI for each dietary pattern. Values are adjusted for age, gender, energy intake reported, physical activity factor, smoking habit, and supplement user; (b) Prevalence of normal weight, overweight and obesity by dietary pattern; (c) Prevalence ratio and confidence interval (95%) for obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2).

Mentions: The trend for prevalence of overweight (p < 0.001) and obesity (p < 0.01) increased in those dietary patterns with high adherence to Factor 1 (Western and Compensatory), while the Healthy pattern showed a reduction in obesity prevalence compared to the Prudent dietary pattern. Statistical increased odds ratio for obesity (BMI > 30 kg/m2) was found (Figure 4) when comparing the Healthy dietary pattern to the Western (OR = 2.66, CI: 1.22–5.81) and Compensatory (OR = 3.16, CI: 1.46–6.83) patterns, but not to the Prudent pattern (OR = 1.85, CI: 0.84–4.07).


Analysis of Dietary Pattern Impact on Weight Status for Personalised Nutrition through On-Line Advice: The Food4Me Spanish Cohort.

San-Cristobal R, Navas-Carretero S, Celis-Morales C, Brennan L, Walsh M, Lovegrove JA, Daniel H, Saris WH, Traczyk I, Manios Y, Gibney ER, Gibney MJ, Mathers JC, Martinez JA - Nutrients (2015)

(a) Least square means of BMI for each dietary pattern. Values are adjusted for age, gender, energy intake reported, physical activity factor, smoking habit, and supplement user; (b) Prevalence of normal weight, overweight and obesity by dietary pattern; (c) Prevalence ratio and confidence interval (95%) for obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4663610&req=5

nutrients-07-05482-f004: (a) Least square means of BMI for each dietary pattern. Values are adjusted for age, gender, energy intake reported, physical activity factor, smoking habit, and supplement user; (b) Prevalence of normal weight, overweight and obesity by dietary pattern; (c) Prevalence ratio and confidence interval (95%) for obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2).
Mentions: The trend for prevalence of overweight (p < 0.001) and obesity (p < 0.01) increased in those dietary patterns with high adherence to Factor 1 (Western and Compensatory), while the Healthy pattern showed a reduction in obesity prevalence compared to the Prudent dietary pattern. Statistical increased odds ratio for obesity (BMI > 30 kg/m2) was found (Figure 4) when comparing the Healthy dietary pattern to the Western (OR = 2.66, CI: 1.22–5.81) and Compensatory (OR = 3.16, CI: 1.46–6.83) patterns, but not to the Prudent pattern (OR = 1.85, CI: 0.84–4.07).

Bottom Line: A total of four categories were defined (Prudent, Healthy, Western, and Compensatory) through classification of the sample in higher or lower adherence to each factor and combining the possibilities.Western and Compensatory dietary patterns, which were characterized by high-density foods consumption, showed positive associations with overweight prevalence.Further analysis showed that prevention of overweight must focus on limiting the intake of known deleterious foods rather than exclusively enhance healthy products.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Nutrition, Food Science and Physiology, Centre for Nutrition Research, University of Navarra, Pamplona 31008, Spain. rsan.1@alumni.unav.es.

ABSTRACT
Obesity prevalence is increasing. The management of this condition requires a detailed analysis of the global risk factors in order to develop personalised advice. This study is aimed to identify current dietary patterns and habits in Spanish population interested in personalised nutrition and investigate associations with weight status. Self-reported dietary and anthropometrical data from the Spanish participants in the Food4Me study, were used in a multidimensional exploratory analysis to define specific dietary profiles. Two opposing factors were obtained according to food groups' intake: Factor 1 characterised by a more frequent consumption of traditionally considered unhealthy foods; and Factor 2, where the consumption of "Mediterranean diet" foods was prevalent. Factor 1 showed a direct relationship with BMI (β = 0.226; r² = 0.259; p < 0.001), while the association with Factor 2 was inverse (β = -0.037; r² = 0.230; p = 0.348). A total of four categories were defined (Prudent, Healthy, Western, and Compensatory) through classification of the sample in higher or lower adherence to each factor and combining the possibilities. Western and Compensatory dietary patterns, which were characterized by high-density foods consumption, showed positive associations with overweight prevalence. Further analysis showed that prevention of overweight must focus on limiting the intake of known deleterious foods rather than exclusively enhance healthy products.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus