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Analysis of Dietary Pattern Impact on Weight Status for Personalised Nutrition through On-Line Advice: The Food4Me Spanish Cohort.

San-Cristobal R, Navas-Carretero S, Celis-Morales C, Brennan L, Walsh M, Lovegrove JA, Daniel H, Saris WH, Traczyk I, Manios Y, Gibney ER, Gibney MJ, Mathers JC, Martinez JA - Nutrients (2015)

Bottom Line: A total of four categories were defined (Prudent, Healthy, Western, and Compensatory) through classification of the sample in higher or lower adherence to each factor and combining the possibilities.Western and Compensatory dietary patterns, which were characterized by high-density foods consumption, showed positive associations with overweight prevalence.Further analysis showed that prevention of overweight must focus on limiting the intake of known deleterious foods rather than exclusively enhance healthy products.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Nutrition, Food Science and Physiology, Centre for Nutrition Research, University of Navarra, Pamplona 31008, Spain. rsan.1@alumni.unav.es.

ABSTRACT
Obesity prevalence is increasing. The management of this condition requires a detailed analysis of the global risk factors in order to develop personalised advice. This study is aimed to identify current dietary patterns and habits in Spanish population interested in personalised nutrition and investigate associations with weight status. Self-reported dietary and anthropometrical data from the Spanish participants in the Food4Me study, were used in a multidimensional exploratory analysis to define specific dietary profiles. Two opposing factors were obtained according to food groups' intake: Factor 1 characterised by a more frequent consumption of traditionally considered unhealthy foods; and Factor 2, where the consumption of "Mediterranean diet" foods was prevalent. Factor 1 showed a direct relationship with BMI (β = 0.226; r² = 0.259; p < 0.001), while the association with Factor 2 was inverse (β = -0.037; r² = 0.230; p = 0.348). A total of four categories were defined (Prudent, Healthy, Western, and Compensatory) through classification of the sample in higher or lower adherence to each factor and combining the possibilities. Western and Compensatory dietary patterns, which were characterized by high-density foods consumption, showed positive associations with overweight prevalence. Further analysis showed that prevention of overweight must focus on limiting the intake of known deleterious foods rather than exclusively enhance healthy products.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

(a) Regression plotting of predicted BMI for Factor 1 adjusted for age, gender, energy intake, physical activity, supplement user, and smoking habit categorized by adherence to Factor 2; (b) Regression plotting of predicted BMI for Factor 2 adjusted for age, gender, energy intake, physical activity, smoking habit, and supplement user categorized by adherence to Factor 1.
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nutrients-07-05482-f003: (a) Regression plotting of predicted BMI for Factor 1 adjusted for age, gender, energy intake, physical activity, supplement user, and smoking habit categorized by adherence to Factor 2; (b) Regression plotting of predicted BMI for Factor 2 adjusted for age, gender, energy intake, physical activity, smoking habit, and supplement user categorized by adherence to Factor 1.

Mentions: The sample was categorized according to the adherence (scores) to each factor (Supplementary Table S2). Analyses for the differences between scores did not show statistical significant outcomes due to the wide variances, resulting in opposite scores for both factors (i.e., High adherence Factor 1 + High adherence Factor 2). Consequently, analyses of interaction between high and low adherence for each factor were performed, studying the effects in the slopes for BMI relationship (Figure 3a,b). Adherence to Factor 1, presented a significant fixed effect on Factor 2 (F = 9.54, p < 0.001 for joint effect) increasing for those volunteers who had high adherence for Factor 1 (F = 15.89, p < 0.001). In the opposite analysis, slight effects were found for volunteers that presented high adherence to Factor 2 (F = 4.18, p = 0.041).


Analysis of Dietary Pattern Impact on Weight Status for Personalised Nutrition through On-Line Advice: The Food4Me Spanish Cohort.

San-Cristobal R, Navas-Carretero S, Celis-Morales C, Brennan L, Walsh M, Lovegrove JA, Daniel H, Saris WH, Traczyk I, Manios Y, Gibney ER, Gibney MJ, Mathers JC, Martinez JA - Nutrients (2015)

(a) Regression plotting of predicted BMI for Factor 1 adjusted for age, gender, energy intake, physical activity, supplement user, and smoking habit categorized by adherence to Factor 2; (b) Regression plotting of predicted BMI for Factor 2 adjusted for age, gender, energy intake, physical activity, smoking habit, and supplement user categorized by adherence to Factor 1.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4663610&req=5

nutrients-07-05482-f003: (a) Regression plotting of predicted BMI for Factor 1 adjusted for age, gender, energy intake, physical activity, supplement user, and smoking habit categorized by adherence to Factor 2; (b) Regression plotting of predicted BMI for Factor 2 adjusted for age, gender, energy intake, physical activity, smoking habit, and supplement user categorized by adherence to Factor 1.
Mentions: The sample was categorized according to the adherence (scores) to each factor (Supplementary Table S2). Analyses for the differences between scores did not show statistical significant outcomes due to the wide variances, resulting in opposite scores for both factors (i.e., High adherence Factor 1 + High adherence Factor 2). Consequently, analyses of interaction between high and low adherence for each factor were performed, studying the effects in the slopes for BMI relationship (Figure 3a,b). Adherence to Factor 1, presented a significant fixed effect on Factor 2 (F = 9.54, p < 0.001 for joint effect) increasing for those volunteers who had high adherence for Factor 1 (F = 15.89, p < 0.001). In the opposite analysis, slight effects were found for volunteers that presented high adherence to Factor 2 (F = 4.18, p = 0.041).

Bottom Line: A total of four categories were defined (Prudent, Healthy, Western, and Compensatory) through classification of the sample in higher or lower adherence to each factor and combining the possibilities.Western and Compensatory dietary patterns, which were characterized by high-density foods consumption, showed positive associations with overweight prevalence.Further analysis showed that prevention of overweight must focus on limiting the intake of known deleterious foods rather than exclusively enhance healthy products.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Nutrition, Food Science and Physiology, Centre for Nutrition Research, University of Navarra, Pamplona 31008, Spain. rsan.1@alumni.unav.es.

ABSTRACT
Obesity prevalence is increasing. The management of this condition requires a detailed analysis of the global risk factors in order to develop personalised advice. This study is aimed to identify current dietary patterns and habits in Spanish population interested in personalised nutrition and investigate associations with weight status. Self-reported dietary and anthropometrical data from the Spanish participants in the Food4Me study, were used in a multidimensional exploratory analysis to define specific dietary profiles. Two opposing factors were obtained according to food groups' intake: Factor 1 characterised by a more frequent consumption of traditionally considered unhealthy foods; and Factor 2, where the consumption of "Mediterranean diet" foods was prevalent. Factor 1 showed a direct relationship with BMI (β = 0.226; r² = 0.259; p < 0.001), while the association with Factor 2 was inverse (β = -0.037; r² = 0.230; p = 0.348). A total of four categories were defined (Prudent, Healthy, Western, and Compensatory) through classification of the sample in higher or lower adherence to each factor and combining the possibilities. Western and Compensatory dietary patterns, which were characterized by high-density foods consumption, showed positive associations with overweight prevalence. Further analysis showed that prevention of overweight must focus on limiting the intake of known deleterious foods rather than exclusively enhance healthy products.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus