Social determinants of HIV infection, hotspot areas and subpopulation groups in Ethiopia: evidence from the National Demographic and Health Survey in 2011.
Bottom Line: Laboratory-confirmed HIV serostatus is the main outcome variable.An increasing odds of HIV infection were observed among adults in the age groups of 25-29, 30-34, 35-39 and 40-45 years compared with adults in the age group of 45-49 years.This study found statistically significant HIV concentrations in administrative zones of central, eastern and western Ethiopia.
Affiliation: Ethiopian Public Health Association, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus
Mentions: As shown in the multivariable analysis of table 3 and figure 3, those individuals who were in the middle, richer and richest wealth quintiles had higher odds of having HIV compared with the poorest wealth quintile (adjusted OR (AOR) = 1.7; 95% CI (1.01 to 2.99)), (AOR=2.3; 95% CI (1.37 to 3.90)) and (AOR=4.1; 95% CI (2.28 to 7.39)), respectively. The odds of having HIV were higher among urban residents compared with their rural counterparts (AOR=1.8; 95% CI (1.24 to 2.66)). Compared with Tigray regional state, the odds of having HIV were higher in Gambela administrative region (AOR=4.1; 95% CI (1.70 to 9.88)). Those individuals who were formerly married had higher odds compared with never married individuals (AOR=4.2; 95% CI (2.48 to 7.16)). Similarly, those individuals who had attended primary education had (AOR=1.7; 95% CI (1.32 to 2.26)) and secondary and higher education had (AOR=1.6; 95% CI (1.11 to 2.36)) times higher odds to have HIV infection compared with those who had no formal education.
Affiliation: Ethiopian Public Health Association, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.