Social determinants of HIV infection, hotspot areas and subpopulation groups in Ethiopia: evidence from the National Demographic and Health Survey in 2011.
Bottom Line: Laboratory-confirmed HIV serostatus is the main outcome variable.An increasing odds of HIV infection were observed among adults in the age groups of 25-29, 30-34, 35-39 and 40-45 years compared with adults in the age group of 45-49 years.This study found statistically significant HIV concentrations in administrative zones of central, eastern and western Ethiopia.
Affiliation: Ethiopian Public Health Association, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Show MeSH
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Mentions: As indicated in table 2 and figure 2, six clusters were identified during SaTScan analysis; however, only cluster 1 and 2 were statistically significant hotspots with p value at <0.001 and 0.003, respectively. In the first cluster, a total of 164 EDHS enumeration locations were circled within a 258 km radius. This hotspot covered a total of 24 administrative zones from Oromia, Amhara, Tigray, Afar and Somali administrative regions including Addis Ababa. A total of 252 HIV cases were observed in this hotspot with 2.6 relative risk and 48 log likelihood ratio (LLR) that would be about 153 HIV cases expected. In the second hotspot, only one EDHS enumeration location that found in Oromia administrative region, West Arsi Zone, was circled with 8.7 relative risk and 11.9 LLR.
Affiliation: Ethiopian Public Health Association, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.