Social determinants of HIV infection, hotspot areas and subpopulation groups in Ethiopia: evidence from the National Demographic and Health Survey in 2011.
Bottom Line: Laboratory-confirmed HIV serostatus is the main outcome variable.An increasing odds of HIV infection were observed among adults in the age groups of 25-29, 30-34, 35-39 and 40-45 years compared with adults in the age group of 45-49 years.This study found statistically significant HIV concentrations in administrative zones of central, eastern and western Ethiopia.
Affiliation: Ethiopian Public Health Association, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus
Mentions: As shown on figure 1, the prevalence of HIV reaches up to 10–21% in certain geographic clusters particularly in the central, eastern and western parts of the country. There are also some clusters with a prevalence of HIV from 4% to 9% in northern and southwestern Ethiopia. Most geographic coverages of the country have had an HIV prevalence rate of <4.5%. There were no EDHS clusters (enumeration areas) included in the peripheral areas of the country, particularly in eastern parts of Somali administrative region and as a result the HIV prevalence could not be estimated in this analysis.
Affiliation: Ethiopian Public Health Association, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.