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Social determinants of HIV infection, hotspot areas and subpopulation groups in Ethiopia: evidence from the National Demographic and Health Survey in 2011.

Lakew Y, Benedict S, Haile D - BMJ Open (2015)

Bottom Line: Laboratory-confirmed HIV serostatus is the main outcome variable.An increasing odds of HIV infection were observed among adults in the age groups of 25-29, 30-34, 35-39 and 40-45 years compared with adults in the age group of 45-49 years.This study found statistically significant HIV concentrations in administrative zones of central, eastern and western Ethiopia.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Ethiopian Public Health Association, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

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Map showing the prevalence of HIV infection in Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) cluster areas of Ethiopian Zones, 2011.
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BMJOPEN2015008669F1: Map showing the prevalence of HIV infection in Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) cluster areas of Ethiopian Zones, 2011.

Mentions: As shown on figure 1, the prevalence of HIV reaches up to 10–21% in certain geographic clusters particularly in the central, eastern and western parts of the country. There are also some clusters with a prevalence of HIV from 4% to 9% in northern and southwestern Ethiopia. Most geographic coverages of the country have had an HIV prevalence rate of <4.5%. There were no EDHS clusters (enumeration areas) included in the peripheral areas of the country, particularly in eastern parts of Somali administrative region and as a result the HIV prevalence could not be estimated in this analysis.


Social determinants of HIV infection, hotspot areas and subpopulation groups in Ethiopia: evidence from the National Demographic and Health Survey in 2011.

Lakew Y, Benedict S, Haile D - BMJ Open (2015)

Map showing the prevalence of HIV infection in Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) cluster areas of Ethiopian Zones, 2011.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4663400&req=5

BMJOPEN2015008669F1: Map showing the prevalence of HIV infection in Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) cluster areas of Ethiopian Zones, 2011.
Mentions: As shown on figure 1, the prevalence of HIV reaches up to 10–21% in certain geographic clusters particularly in the central, eastern and western parts of the country. There are also some clusters with a prevalence of HIV from 4% to 9% in northern and southwestern Ethiopia. Most geographic coverages of the country have had an HIV prevalence rate of <4.5%. There were no EDHS clusters (enumeration areas) included in the peripheral areas of the country, particularly in eastern parts of Somali administrative region and as a result the HIV prevalence could not be estimated in this analysis.

Bottom Line: Laboratory-confirmed HIV serostatus is the main outcome variable.An increasing odds of HIV infection were observed among adults in the age groups of 25-29, 30-34, 35-39 and 40-45 years compared with adults in the age group of 45-49 years.This study found statistically significant HIV concentrations in administrative zones of central, eastern and western Ethiopia.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Ethiopian Public Health Association, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus