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Significant Decline of Malaria Incidence in Southwest of Iran (2001-2014).

Salmanzadeh S, Foroutan-Rad M, Khademvatan S, Moogahi S, Bigdeli S - J Trop Med (2015)

Bottom Line: Also, Plasmodium vivax was identified as dominant species in 478 (88.35%) individuals and P. falciparum comprised 63 (11.65%).The highest infection rate was observed in non-Iranian populations with number 459 (84.85%) and imported cases 508 (93.90%).Also, the majority of subjects were over 15 years of age, 458 (84.65%).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Health Research Institute, Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

ABSTRACT
Iran is considered as one of the malaria endemic countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) and is at risk due to neighboring Afghanistan, Pakistan in the east, and Iraq to the west. Therefore the aim of the present investigation is the evaluation of the trend of malaria distribution during the past decade (2001-2014) in Khuzestan province, southwestern Iran. In this retrospective cross-sectional investigation, blood samples were taken from all malaria suspicious cases who were referred to health centers across Khuzestan province. For each positive subject a questionnaire containing demographic information was filled out. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 18. From a total of 541 malaria confirmed cases, 498 (92.05%) were male and 43 (7.95%) were female. The highest number of infections was seen in 2001 with 161 (29.75%) cases and the lowest was in 2014 with 0 (0%). Also, Plasmodium vivax was identified as dominant species in 478 (88.35%) individuals and P. falciparum comprised 63 (11.65%). The highest infection rate was observed in non-Iranian populations with number 459 (84.85%) and imported cases 508 (93.90%). Also, the majority of subjects were over 15 years of age, 458 (84.65%). Due to proximity to endemic countries which has made the malaria campaign difficult, more effort is needed to control the infection in order to achieve malaria elimination.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Trend of malaria disease during 2001–2014.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig2: Trend of malaria disease during 2001–2014.

Mentions: Trend of malaria during the past decade in Khuzestan province has dramatically slumped (Figure 2). The highest number of infections was seen in 2001 with 161 (29.75%) cases and the lowest was in 2014 with 0 (0%). From a total of 541 malaria confirmed cases during 2001–2014, 498 (92.05%) were male and 43 (7.95%) were female. P. vivax was the predominant species in 478 (88.35%) individuals and P. falciparum species comprised 63 (11.65%). Proportion of infection in different age groups of 0–5, 5–15, and >15 years of age was 26 (4.81%), 57 (10.54%), and 458 (84.65%), respectively. Rate of malaria disease in Iranian and non-Iranian populations was found to be 82 (15.15%) and 459 (84.85%), respectively. Also, number of imported cases was 508 (93.90%) and the number of indigenous cases was 33 (6.10%) (Table 1). Our finding revealed that Ahvaz city (capital of Khuzestan province) with 168 (31.05%) positive cases was in the first rank, Behbahan county with 158 (29.20%) was second, and Andimeshk with 42 (7.76%) was third. In Dehdez and Haftkel counties, no positive cases were reported during the years 2001–2014 (Figure 3). Highest and lowest API were 0.04709 in 2001 and 0 in 2014, respectively (Table 1).


Significant Decline of Malaria Incidence in Southwest of Iran (2001-2014).

Salmanzadeh S, Foroutan-Rad M, Khademvatan S, Moogahi S, Bigdeli S - J Trop Med (2015)

Trend of malaria disease during 2001–2014.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4663331&req=5

fig2: Trend of malaria disease during 2001–2014.
Mentions: Trend of malaria during the past decade in Khuzestan province has dramatically slumped (Figure 2). The highest number of infections was seen in 2001 with 161 (29.75%) cases and the lowest was in 2014 with 0 (0%). From a total of 541 malaria confirmed cases during 2001–2014, 498 (92.05%) were male and 43 (7.95%) were female. P. vivax was the predominant species in 478 (88.35%) individuals and P. falciparum species comprised 63 (11.65%). Proportion of infection in different age groups of 0–5, 5–15, and >15 years of age was 26 (4.81%), 57 (10.54%), and 458 (84.65%), respectively. Rate of malaria disease in Iranian and non-Iranian populations was found to be 82 (15.15%) and 459 (84.85%), respectively. Also, number of imported cases was 508 (93.90%) and the number of indigenous cases was 33 (6.10%) (Table 1). Our finding revealed that Ahvaz city (capital of Khuzestan province) with 168 (31.05%) positive cases was in the first rank, Behbahan county with 158 (29.20%) was second, and Andimeshk with 42 (7.76%) was third. In Dehdez and Haftkel counties, no positive cases were reported during the years 2001–2014 (Figure 3). Highest and lowest API were 0.04709 in 2001 and 0 in 2014, respectively (Table 1).

Bottom Line: Also, Plasmodium vivax was identified as dominant species in 478 (88.35%) individuals and P. falciparum comprised 63 (11.65%).The highest infection rate was observed in non-Iranian populations with number 459 (84.85%) and imported cases 508 (93.90%).Also, the majority of subjects were over 15 years of age, 458 (84.65%).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Health Research Institute, Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

ABSTRACT
Iran is considered as one of the malaria endemic countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) and is at risk due to neighboring Afghanistan, Pakistan in the east, and Iraq to the west. Therefore the aim of the present investigation is the evaluation of the trend of malaria distribution during the past decade (2001-2014) in Khuzestan province, southwestern Iran. In this retrospective cross-sectional investigation, blood samples were taken from all malaria suspicious cases who were referred to health centers across Khuzestan province. For each positive subject a questionnaire containing demographic information was filled out. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 18. From a total of 541 malaria confirmed cases, 498 (92.05%) were male and 43 (7.95%) were female. The highest number of infections was seen in 2001 with 161 (29.75%) cases and the lowest was in 2014 with 0 (0%). Also, Plasmodium vivax was identified as dominant species in 478 (88.35%) individuals and P. falciparum comprised 63 (11.65%). The highest infection rate was observed in non-Iranian populations with number 459 (84.85%) and imported cases 508 (93.90%). Also, the majority of subjects were over 15 years of age, 458 (84.65%). Due to proximity to endemic countries which has made the malaria campaign difficult, more effort is needed to control the infection in order to achieve malaria elimination.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus