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Significant Decline of Malaria Incidence in Southwest of Iran (2001-2014).

Salmanzadeh S, Foroutan-Rad M, Khademvatan S, Moogahi S, Bigdeli S - J Trop Med (2015)

Bottom Line: Also, Plasmodium vivax was identified as dominant species in 478 (88.35%) individuals and P. falciparum comprised 63 (11.65%).The highest infection rate was observed in non-Iranian populations with number 459 (84.85%) and imported cases 508 (93.90%).Also, the majority of subjects were over 15 years of age, 458 (84.65%).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Health Research Institute, Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

ABSTRACT
Iran is considered as one of the malaria endemic countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) and is at risk due to neighboring Afghanistan, Pakistan in the east, and Iraq to the west. Therefore the aim of the present investigation is the evaluation of the trend of malaria distribution during the past decade (2001-2014) in Khuzestan province, southwestern Iran. In this retrospective cross-sectional investigation, blood samples were taken from all malaria suspicious cases who were referred to health centers across Khuzestan province. For each positive subject a questionnaire containing demographic information was filled out. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 18. From a total of 541 malaria confirmed cases, 498 (92.05%) were male and 43 (7.95%) were female. The highest number of infections was seen in 2001 with 161 (29.75%) cases and the lowest was in 2014 with 0 (0%). Also, Plasmodium vivax was identified as dominant species in 478 (88.35%) individuals and P. falciparum comprised 63 (11.65%). The highest infection rate was observed in non-Iranian populations with number 459 (84.85%) and imported cases 508 (93.90%). Also, the majority of subjects were over 15 years of age, 458 (84.65%). Due to proximity to endemic countries which has made the malaria campaign difficult, more effort is needed to control the infection in order to achieve malaria elimination.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Location of Khuzestan province in Iran (in the southwest of Iran).
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fig1: Location of Khuzestan province in Iran (in the southwest of Iran).

Mentions: This epidemiological study was performed in Khuzestan province, southwestern Iran, located within 29°57′–33°0′N latitude and 47°40′–50°33′E longitude with an area about 64055 km2. This province, with a population of 4,531,720 inhabitants (2,286,209 male and 2,245,511 female), is bordered by Iraq in the west, Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari and Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces in the east and northeast, Lorestan province in the north, Bushehr province in the southeast, and the Persian Gulf in the south (Figure 1).


Significant Decline of Malaria Incidence in Southwest of Iran (2001-2014).

Salmanzadeh S, Foroutan-Rad M, Khademvatan S, Moogahi S, Bigdeli S - J Trop Med (2015)

Location of Khuzestan province in Iran (in the southwest of Iran).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4663331&req=5

fig1: Location of Khuzestan province in Iran (in the southwest of Iran).
Mentions: This epidemiological study was performed in Khuzestan province, southwestern Iran, located within 29°57′–33°0′N latitude and 47°40′–50°33′E longitude with an area about 64055 km2. This province, with a population of 4,531,720 inhabitants (2,286,209 male and 2,245,511 female), is bordered by Iraq in the west, Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari and Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces in the east and northeast, Lorestan province in the north, Bushehr province in the southeast, and the Persian Gulf in the south (Figure 1).

Bottom Line: Also, Plasmodium vivax was identified as dominant species in 478 (88.35%) individuals and P. falciparum comprised 63 (11.65%).The highest infection rate was observed in non-Iranian populations with number 459 (84.85%) and imported cases 508 (93.90%).Also, the majority of subjects were over 15 years of age, 458 (84.65%).

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Health Research Institute, Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

ABSTRACT
Iran is considered as one of the malaria endemic countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) and is at risk due to neighboring Afghanistan, Pakistan in the east, and Iraq to the west. Therefore the aim of the present investigation is the evaluation of the trend of malaria distribution during the past decade (2001-2014) in Khuzestan province, southwestern Iran. In this retrospective cross-sectional investigation, blood samples were taken from all malaria suspicious cases who were referred to health centers across Khuzestan province. For each positive subject a questionnaire containing demographic information was filled out. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 18. From a total of 541 malaria confirmed cases, 498 (92.05%) were male and 43 (7.95%) were female. The highest number of infections was seen in 2001 with 161 (29.75%) cases and the lowest was in 2014 with 0 (0%). Also, Plasmodium vivax was identified as dominant species in 478 (88.35%) individuals and P. falciparum comprised 63 (11.65%). The highest infection rate was observed in non-Iranian populations with number 459 (84.85%) and imported cases 508 (93.90%). Also, the majority of subjects were over 15 years of age, 458 (84.65%). Due to proximity to endemic countries which has made the malaria campaign difficult, more effort is needed to control the infection in order to achieve malaria elimination.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus