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The Effect of Affective Context on Visuocortical Processing of Neutral Faces in Social Anxiety.

Wieser MJ, Moscovitch DA - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: In general, affective context led to an enhanced early posterior negativity (EPN) for negative compared to neutral facial expressions.Moreover, HSA compared to LSA showed enhanced late positive potentials (LPP) to negatively contextualized faces, whereas in LSA this effect was found for faces in positive contexts.Finally, our results add further new evidence that top-down information in interaction with individual anxiety levels can influence early-stage aspects of visual perception.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Würzburg Würzburg, Germany.

ABSTRACT
It has been demonstrated that verbal context information alters the neural processing of ambiguous faces such as faces with no apparent facial expression. In social anxiety, neutral faces may be implicitly threatening for socially anxious individuals due to their ambiguous nature, but even more so if these neutral faces are put in self-referential negative contexts. Therefore, we measured event-related brain potentials (ERPs) in response to neutral faces which were preceded by affective verbal information (negative, neutral, positive). Participants with low social anxiety (LSA; n = 23) and high social anxiety (HSA; n = 21) were asked to watch and rate valence and arousal of the respective faces while continuous EEG was recorded. ERP analysis revealed that HSA showed elevated P100 amplitudes in response to faces, but reduced structural encoding of faces as indexed by reduced N170 amplitudes. In general, affective context led to an enhanced early posterior negativity (EPN) for negative compared to neutral facial expressions. Moreover, HSA compared to LSA showed enhanced late positive potentials (LPP) to negatively contextualized faces, whereas in LSA this effect was found for faces in positive contexts. Also, HSA rated faces in negative contexts as more negative compared to LSA. These results point at enhanced vigilance for neutral faces regardless of context in HSA, while structural encoding seems to be diminished (avoidance). Interestingly, later components of sustained processing (LPP) indicate that LSA show enhanced visuocortical processing for faces in positive contexts (happy bias), whereas this seems to be the case for negatively contextualized faces in HSA (threat bias). Finally, our results add further new evidence that top-down information in interaction with individual anxiety levels can influence early-stage aspects of visual perception.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

(A) Illustration of the EPN component (260–320 ms, see hatched box) averaged across medial occipital electrode cluster for both groups. (B) On a back view of the model head the scalp potential map of the difference waves “negative-neutral” and “positive-neutral” are given. No group differences emerged, but enhanced EPN was observed for negative and positive contextualized faces.
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Figure 4: (A) Illustration of the EPN component (260–320 ms, see hatched box) averaged across medial occipital electrode cluster for both groups. (B) On a back view of the model head the scalp potential map of the difference waves “negative-neutral” and “positive-neutral” are given. No group differences emerged, but enhanced EPN was observed for negative and positive contextualized faces.

Mentions: Cortical processing of neutral faces differed significantly in the EPN time window depending on verbal context presentation. For the mean EPN amplitudes (260–320 ms), a significant main effect of contextual valence was observed as expected, F(2, 84) = 3.48, p = 0.043, . Faces put in a negative context elicited an increased relative negativity as compared to faces put in neutral contexts, F(1, 42) = 4.71, p = 0.036, (Figure 4). The same effect was found for faces in positive compared to neutral contexts, F(1, 42) = 4.64, p = 0.037, . No other modulations were observed.


The Effect of Affective Context on Visuocortical Processing of Neutral Faces in Social Anxiety.

Wieser MJ, Moscovitch DA - Front Psychol (2015)

(A) Illustration of the EPN component (260–320 ms, see hatched box) averaged across medial occipital electrode cluster for both groups. (B) On a back view of the model head the scalp potential map of the difference waves “negative-neutral” and “positive-neutral” are given. No group differences emerged, but enhanced EPN was observed for negative and positive contextualized faces.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4663271&req=5

Figure 4: (A) Illustration of the EPN component (260–320 ms, see hatched box) averaged across medial occipital electrode cluster for both groups. (B) On a back view of the model head the scalp potential map of the difference waves “negative-neutral” and “positive-neutral” are given. No group differences emerged, but enhanced EPN was observed for negative and positive contextualized faces.
Mentions: Cortical processing of neutral faces differed significantly in the EPN time window depending on verbal context presentation. For the mean EPN amplitudes (260–320 ms), a significant main effect of contextual valence was observed as expected, F(2, 84) = 3.48, p = 0.043, . Faces put in a negative context elicited an increased relative negativity as compared to faces put in neutral contexts, F(1, 42) = 4.71, p = 0.036, (Figure 4). The same effect was found for faces in positive compared to neutral contexts, F(1, 42) = 4.64, p = 0.037, . No other modulations were observed.

Bottom Line: In general, affective context led to an enhanced early posterior negativity (EPN) for negative compared to neutral facial expressions.Moreover, HSA compared to LSA showed enhanced late positive potentials (LPP) to negatively contextualized faces, whereas in LSA this effect was found for faces in positive contexts.Finally, our results add further new evidence that top-down information in interaction with individual anxiety levels can influence early-stage aspects of visual perception.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of Würzburg Würzburg, Germany.

ABSTRACT
It has been demonstrated that verbal context information alters the neural processing of ambiguous faces such as faces with no apparent facial expression. In social anxiety, neutral faces may be implicitly threatening for socially anxious individuals due to their ambiguous nature, but even more so if these neutral faces are put in self-referential negative contexts. Therefore, we measured event-related brain potentials (ERPs) in response to neutral faces which were preceded by affective verbal information (negative, neutral, positive). Participants with low social anxiety (LSA; n = 23) and high social anxiety (HSA; n = 21) were asked to watch and rate valence and arousal of the respective faces while continuous EEG was recorded. ERP analysis revealed that HSA showed elevated P100 amplitudes in response to faces, but reduced structural encoding of faces as indexed by reduced N170 amplitudes. In general, affective context led to an enhanced early posterior negativity (EPN) for negative compared to neutral facial expressions. Moreover, HSA compared to LSA showed enhanced late positive potentials (LPP) to negatively contextualized faces, whereas in LSA this effect was found for faces in positive contexts. Also, HSA rated faces in negative contexts as more negative compared to LSA. These results point at enhanced vigilance for neutral faces regardless of context in HSA, while structural encoding seems to be diminished (avoidance). Interestingly, later components of sustained processing (LPP) indicate that LSA show enhanced visuocortical processing for faces in positive contexts (happy bias), whereas this seems to be the case for negatively contextualized faces in HSA (threat bias). Finally, our results add further new evidence that top-down information in interaction with individual anxiety levels can influence early-stage aspects of visual perception.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus