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MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY DUE TO AIDS: A STUDY OF BURDEN OF DISEASE AT A MUNICIPAL LEVEL.

Da Silva J, Ramos V, Da Silva HC, Traebert J - Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo (2015 Sep-Oct)

Bottom Line: The most affected age groups were 30-44 years for men and 60-69 years for women.The burden of disease due to AIDS in the city of Tubarao was relatively high when considering the global trend.The mortality component accounted for more than 90% of the burden of disease.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brasil.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The purpose of measuring the burden of disease involves aggregating morbidity and mortality components into a single indicator, the disability-adjusted life year (DALY), to measure how much and how people live and suffer the impact of a disease.

Objective: To estimate the global burden of disease due to AIDS in a municipality of southern Brazil.

Methods: An ecological study was conducted in 2009 to examine the incidence and AIDS-related deaths among the population residing in the city of Tubarao, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Data from the Mortality Information System in the National Health System was used to calculate the years of life lost (YLL) due to premature mortality. The calculation was based on the difference between a standardized life expectancy and age at death, with a discount rate of 3% per year. Data from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases were used to calculate the years lived with disability (YLD). The DALY was estimated by the sum of YLL and YLD. Indicator rates were estimated per 100,000 inhabitants, distributed by age and gender.

Results: A total of 131 records were examined, and a 572.5 DALYs were estimated, which generated a rate of 593.1 DALYs/100,000 inhabitants. The rate among men amounted to 780.7 DALYs/100,000, whereas among women the rate was 417.1 DALYs/100,000. The most affected age groups were 30-44 years for men and 60-69 years for women.

Conclusion: The burden of disease due to AIDS in the city of Tubarao was relatively high when considering the global trend. The mortality component accounted for more than 90% of the burden of disease.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

- Distribution of disability-adjusted life years (DALY) rates per 100,000 inhabitants according to age and gender. Tubarão, Santa Catarina State, 2009. DALY/100,000 population
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f03: - Distribution of disability-adjusted life years (DALY) rates per 100,000 inhabitants according to age and gender. Tubarão, Santa Catarina State, 2009. DALY/100,000 population

Mentions: Given that the DALY is the sum of YLL and YLD, we observed again that, among males, the age group of 30-44 years was the most affected, with 1,712.9 DALYs/100,000 men at that age group, followed by the age group of 45-59 years, with 1,088.4 DALYs/100,000 men at that age group. Among females, the age group of 60-69 years was the most affected, with 1,292.5 DALYs/100,000 women at that age group, followed by the age group of 45-59 years, with 711.2 DALYs per 100,000 women at that age group, as illustrated in Figure 3.


MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY DUE TO AIDS: A STUDY OF BURDEN OF DISEASE AT A MUNICIPAL LEVEL.

Da Silva J, Ramos V, Da Silva HC, Traebert J - Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo (2015 Sep-Oct)

- Distribution of disability-adjusted life years (DALY) rates per 100,000 inhabitants according to age and gender. Tubarão, Santa Catarina State, 2009. DALY/100,000 population
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4660449&req=5

f03: - Distribution of disability-adjusted life years (DALY) rates per 100,000 inhabitants according to age and gender. Tubarão, Santa Catarina State, 2009. DALY/100,000 population
Mentions: Given that the DALY is the sum of YLL and YLD, we observed again that, among males, the age group of 30-44 years was the most affected, with 1,712.9 DALYs/100,000 men at that age group, followed by the age group of 45-59 years, with 1,088.4 DALYs/100,000 men at that age group. Among females, the age group of 60-69 years was the most affected, with 1,292.5 DALYs/100,000 women at that age group, followed by the age group of 45-59 years, with 711.2 DALYs per 100,000 women at that age group, as illustrated in Figure 3.

Bottom Line: The most affected age groups were 30-44 years for men and 60-69 years for women.The burden of disease due to AIDS in the city of Tubarao was relatively high when considering the global trend.The mortality component accounted for more than 90% of the burden of disease.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brasil.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The purpose of measuring the burden of disease involves aggregating morbidity and mortality components into a single indicator, the disability-adjusted life year (DALY), to measure how much and how people live and suffer the impact of a disease.

Objective: To estimate the global burden of disease due to AIDS in a municipality of southern Brazil.

Methods: An ecological study was conducted in 2009 to examine the incidence and AIDS-related deaths among the population residing in the city of Tubarao, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Data from the Mortality Information System in the National Health System was used to calculate the years of life lost (YLL) due to premature mortality. The calculation was based on the difference between a standardized life expectancy and age at death, with a discount rate of 3% per year. Data from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases were used to calculate the years lived with disability (YLD). The DALY was estimated by the sum of YLL and YLD. Indicator rates were estimated per 100,000 inhabitants, distributed by age and gender.

Results: A total of 131 records were examined, and a 572.5 DALYs were estimated, which generated a rate of 593.1 DALYs/100,000 inhabitants. The rate among men amounted to 780.7 DALYs/100,000, whereas among women the rate was 417.1 DALYs/100,000. The most affected age groups were 30-44 years for men and 60-69 years for women.

Conclusion: The burden of disease due to AIDS in the city of Tubarao was relatively high when considering the global trend. The mortality component accounted for more than 90% of the burden of disease.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus