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Epidemiological characteristics of cases of death from tuberculosis and vulnerable territories.

Yamamura M, Santos-Neto M, dos Santos RA, Garcia MC, Nogueira Jde A, Arcêncio RA - Rev Lat Am Enfermagem (2015 Sep-Oct)

Bottom Line: Age (p=.008) and sector responsible for the death certificate (p=.003) were the variables that presented statistically significant associations with the cause of death.The non-randomness of the spatial distribution of the cases suggests areas that are vulnerable to these events.Knowing these areas can contribute to the choice of disease control strategies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Objective: to characterize the differences in the clinical and epidemiological profile of cases of death that had tuberculosis as an immediate or associated cause, and to analyze the spatial distribution of the cases of death from tuberculosis within the territories of Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.

Method: an ecological study, in which the population consisted of 114 cases of death from tuberculosis. Bivariate analysis was carried out, as well as point density analysis, defined with the Kernel estimate.

Results: of the cases of death from tuberculosis, 50 were the immediate cause and 64 an associated cause. Age (p=.008) and sector responsible for the death certificate (p=.003) were the variables that presented statistically significant associations with the cause of death. The spatial distribution, in both events, did not occur randomly, forming clusters in areas of the municipality.

Conclusion: the difference in the profiles of the cases of death from tuberculosis, as a basic cause and as an associated cause, was governed by the age and the sector responsible for the completion of the death certificate. The non-randomness of the spatial distribution of the cases suggests areas that are vulnerable to these events. Knowing these areas can contribute to the choice of disease control strategies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

- Map of the density distribution of cases of deaths from tuberculosis asthe immediate cause. Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil, 2006/2012
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f2: - Map of the density distribution of cases of deaths from tuberculosis asthe immediate cause. Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil, 2006/2012

Mentions: In spatial analysis, it was possible to geocode 102 (89%) of the 114 total cases ofdeath considered in the study. The losses were due to the fact that eight cases werelocated in rural areas and four presented inconsistencies related to the address.Figures 1 and 2present the thematic maps of the density of deaths with TB as the immediate cause and ofthose with TB as an associated cause, respectively, within the urban area of RibeirãoPreto.


Epidemiological characteristics of cases of death from tuberculosis and vulnerable territories.

Yamamura M, Santos-Neto M, dos Santos RA, Garcia MC, Nogueira Jde A, Arcêncio RA - Rev Lat Am Enfermagem (2015 Sep-Oct)

- Map of the density distribution of cases of deaths from tuberculosis asthe immediate cause. Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil, 2006/2012
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4660414&req=5

f2: - Map of the density distribution of cases of deaths from tuberculosis asthe immediate cause. Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil, 2006/2012
Mentions: In spatial analysis, it was possible to geocode 102 (89%) of the 114 total cases ofdeath considered in the study. The losses were due to the fact that eight cases werelocated in rural areas and four presented inconsistencies related to the address.Figures 1 and 2present the thematic maps of the density of deaths with TB as the immediate cause and ofthose with TB as an associated cause, respectively, within the urban area of RibeirãoPreto.

Bottom Line: Age (p=.008) and sector responsible for the death certificate (p=.003) were the variables that presented statistically significant associations with the cause of death.The non-randomness of the spatial distribution of the cases suggests areas that are vulnerable to these events.Knowing these areas can contribute to the choice of disease control strategies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Objective: to characterize the differences in the clinical and epidemiological profile of cases of death that had tuberculosis as an immediate or associated cause, and to analyze the spatial distribution of the cases of death from tuberculosis within the territories of Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.

Method: an ecological study, in which the population consisted of 114 cases of death from tuberculosis. Bivariate analysis was carried out, as well as point density analysis, defined with the Kernel estimate.

Results: of the cases of death from tuberculosis, 50 were the immediate cause and 64 an associated cause. Age (p=.008) and sector responsible for the death certificate (p=.003) were the variables that presented statistically significant associations with the cause of death. The spatial distribution, in both events, did not occur randomly, forming clusters in areas of the municipality.

Conclusion: the difference in the profiles of the cases of death from tuberculosis, as a basic cause and as an associated cause, was governed by the age and the sector responsible for the completion of the death certificate. The non-randomness of the spatial distribution of the cases suggests areas that are vulnerable to these events. Knowing these areas can contribute to the choice of disease control strategies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus