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Efficacy and Safety of Fractional CO2 Laser Resurfacing in Non-hypertrophic Traumatic and Burn Scars.

Majid I, Imran S - J Cutan Aesthet Surg (2015 Jul-Sep)

Bottom Line: Skin texture showed better response than other variables with average score of 2.44.No long-term adverse effects were noted in any patient.Lack of a control group and small sample size are limitations of this study.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology, Cutis Institute of Dermatology, Srinagar, Kashmir, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Fractional photothermolysis is one of the most effective treatment options used to resurface scars of different aetiologies.

Aim: To assess the efficacy and safety of fractional CO2 laser resurfacing treatment in the management of non-hypertrophic traumatic and burn scars.

Materials and methods: Twenty-five patients affected by non-hypertrophic traumatic and burn scars were treated with four sessions of fractional CO2 laser resurfacing treatment at 6-weekly intervals. Patients were photographed at each visit and finally, 3 months after the end of treatment schedule. Response to treatment was assessed clinically as well as by comparing the initial photograph of the patient with the one taken at the last follow-up visit 3-months after the final treatment session. Changes in skin texture, surface irregularity and pigmentation were assessed on a quartile grading scale and scored individually from 0 to 4. A mean of the three individual scores was calculated and the response was labelled as 'excellent' if the mean score achieved was >2. A score of 1-2 was labeled as good response while a score below 1 was labeled as 'poor' response. The subjective satisfaction of each patient with the treatment offered was also assessed at the last follow-up visit.

Results: The commonest site of scarring treated was the face followed by hands. Response to treatment was rated as excellent in 60% (15/25) patients while 24% (6/25) and 16% (4/25) patients were labeled as good and poor responders, respectively. Skin texture showed better response than other variables with average score of 2.44. Linear post-traumatic scars were seen to respond less than other morphological types. Majority of the patients (19 out of 25) were highly satisfied with the treatment offered. No long-term adverse effects were noted in any patient.

Conclusions: Fractional photothermolysis with a fractional CO2 laser gives excellent results in patients with post-burn scars with minimal adverse effects.

Limitations: Lack of a control group and small sample size are limitations of this study.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

(a) Post-traumatic scars from a road traffic accident (b) After treatment with four sessions of fractional laser resurfacing
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Figure 1: (a) Post-traumatic scars from a road traffic accident (b) After treatment with four sessions of fractional laser resurfacing

Mentions: A positive response to treatment was observed in 84% (21/25) patients. Of these 60% (15/25) patients achieved excellent response [Figure 1a and b] with a mean score of >2 at the final assessment while 24% (6/25) patients showed good response with mean score of 1-2. Three patients (12%) were able to achieve ≥75% improvement with a total score of ≥3.0. Only four patients (16%) failed to achieve a significant improvement in their scars with a mean score of <1.0. All of these four patients had linear post-traumatic scars on the face [Table 2].


Efficacy and Safety of Fractional CO2 Laser Resurfacing in Non-hypertrophic Traumatic and Burn Scars.

Majid I, Imran S - J Cutan Aesthet Surg (2015 Jul-Sep)

(a) Post-traumatic scars from a road traffic accident (b) After treatment with four sessions of fractional laser resurfacing
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4645146&req=5

Figure 1: (a) Post-traumatic scars from a road traffic accident (b) After treatment with four sessions of fractional laser resurfacing
Mentions: A positive response to treatment was observed in 84% (21/25) patients. Of these 60% (15/25) patients achieved excellent response [Figure 1a and b] with a mean score of >2 at the final assessment while 24% (6/25) patients showed good response with mean score of 1-2. Three patients (12%) were able to achieve ≥75% improvement with a total score of ≥3.0. Only four patients (16%) failed to achieve a significant improvement in their scars with a mean score of <1.0. All of these four patients had linear post-traumatic scars on the face [Table 2].

Bottom Line: Skin texture showed better response than other variables with average score of 2.44.No long-term adverse effects were noted in any patient.Lack of a control group and small sample size are limitations of this study.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Dermatology, Cutis Institute of Dermatology, Srinagar, Kashmir, India.

ABSTRACT

Background: Fractional photothermolysis is one of the most effective treatment options used to resurface scars of different aetiologies.

Aim: To assess the efficacy and safety of fractional CO2 laser resurfacing treatment in the management of non-hypertrophic traumatic and burn scars.

Materials and methods: Twenty-five patients affected by non-hypertrophic traumatic and burn scars were treated with four sessions of fractional CO2 laser resurfacing treatment at 6-weekly intervals. Patients were photographed at each visit and finally, 3 months after the end of treatment schedule. Response to treatment was assessed clinically as well as by comparing the initial photograph of the patient with the one taken at the last follow-up visit 3-months after the final treatment session. Changes in skin texture, surface irregularity and pigmentation were assessed on a quartile grading scale and scored individually from 0 to 4. A mean of the three individual scores was calculated and the response was labelled as 'excellent' if the mean score achieved was >2. A score of 1-2 was labeled as good response while a score below 1 was labeled as 'poor' response. The subjective satisfaction of each patient with the treatment offered was also assessed at the last follow-up visit.

Results: The commonest site of scarring treated was the face followed by hands. Response to treatment was rated as excellent in 60% (15/25) patients while 24% (6/25) and 16% (4/25) patients were labeled as good and poor responders, respectively. Skin texture showed better response than other variables with average score of 2.44. Linear post-traumatic scars were seen to respond less than other morphological types. Majority of the patients (19 out of 25) were highly satisfied with the treatment offered. No long-term adverse effects were noted in any patient.

Conclusions: Fractional photothermolysis with a fractional CO2 laser gives excellent results in patients with post-burn scars with minimal adverse effects.

Limitations: Lack of a control group and small sample size are limitations of this study.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus