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A news media analysis of economic sanction effects on access to medicine in Iran.

Kheirandish M, Rashidian A, Bigdeli M - J Res Pharm Pract (2015 Oct-Dec)

Bottom Line: While the sanctions do not target health care systems or public health structures, they may, in fact, affect the availability of health care in target countries.We searched the sources using the general term "medicine" to reduce the chances of missing relevant items.Our analysis provides evidence of negative effects of the sanctions on access to medicines in Iran.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacoeconomics and Pharmaceutical Management, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Objective: In the past decades economic sanctions have been used by different countries or international organizations in order to deprive target countries of some transactions. While the sanctions do not target health care systems or public health structures, they may, in fact, affect the availability of health care in target countries. In this study, we used media analysis to assess the impacts of recent sanctions imposed by the Central Bank of Iran in 2012 on access to medicines in Iran.

Methods: We searched different sources of written news media including a database of nonspecialized weeklies and magazines, online news sources, web pages of daily newspapers and healthcare oriented weeklies from 2011 to 2013. We searched the sources using the general term "medicine" to reduce the chances of missing relevant items. The identified news media were read, and categorized under three groups of items announcing "shortage of medicines," "medicines related issues" and "no shortage." We conducted trend analyzes to see whether the news media related to access to medicines were affected by the economic sanctions.

Findings: A total number of 371 relevant news media were collected. The number of news media related to medicines substantially increased in the study period: 30 (8%), 161 (43%) and 180 (49%) were published in 2011, 2012 and 2013, respectively. While 145 (39%) of media items referred to the shortage of medicines, 97 (26%) reported no shortage or alleviating of concerns.

Conclusion: Media analysis suggests a clear increase in the number of news media reporting a shortage in Iran after the sanctions. In 2013, there were accompanying increases in the number of news media reporting alleviation of the shortages of medicines. Our analysis provides evidence of negative effects of the sanctions on access to medicines in Iran.

No MeSH data available.


Number of relevant news media in each category at 6 months intervals (2011–2012)
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Figure 1: Number of relevant news media in each category at 6 months intervals (2011–2012)

Mentions: A total of 371 news media were categorized under the three groups after the review of the contents. The number of relevant items increased during the study period. While 2011 items accounted for 30 (8%) of the identified items, 161 (43.4%) and 180 (48.6%) of the identified items were published in 2012 and 2013, respectively [Figure 1]. The largest share of news media originated from the Tabnak (37%) and Magiran (17%). The minimum share related to Hamshahri and Donya-e-eqtesad newspapers with 1.8% and 1.3% respectively. Out of 371 items, 145 (39%) items reported “shortage of medicines,” 129 (35%) referred to “medicines related issues,” and 97 (26%) pertained to “improved availability or no shortage” (categories A, B and C, respectively).


A news media analysis of economic sanction effects on access to medicine in Iran.

Kheirandish M, Rashidian A, Bigdeli M - J Res Pharm Pract (2015 Oct-Dec)

Number of relevant news media in each category at 6 months intervals (2011–2012)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4645132&req=5

Figure 1: Number of relevant news media in each category at 6 months intervals (2011–2012)
Mentions: A total of 371 news media were categorized under the three groups after the review of the contents. The number of relevant items increased during the study period. While 2011 items accounted for 30 (8%) of the identified items, 161 (43.4%) and 180 (48.6%) of the identified items were published in 2012 and 2013, respectively [Figure 1]. The largest share of news media originated from the Tabnak (37%) and Magiran (17%). The minimum share related to Hamshahri and Donya-e-eqtesad newspapers with 1.8% and 1.3% respectively. Out of 371 items, 145 (39%) items reported “shortage of medicines,” 129 (35%) referred to “medicines related issues,” and 97 (26%) pertained to “improved availability or no shortage” (categories A, B and C, respectively).

Bottom Line: While the sanctions do not target health care systems or public health structures, they may, in fact, affect the availability of health care in target countries.We searched the sources using the general term "medicine" to reduce the chances of missing relevant items.Our analysis provides evidence of negative effects of the sanctions on access to medicines in Iran.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacoeconomics and Pharmaceutical Management, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Objective: In the past decades economic sanctions have been used by different countries or international organizations in order to deprive target countries of some transactions. While the sanctions do not target health care systems or public health structures, they may, in fact, affect the availability of health care in target countries. In this study, we used media analysis to assess the impacts of recent sanctions imposed by the Central Bank of Iran in 2012 on access to medicines in Iran.

Methods: We searched different sources of written news media including a database of nonspecialized weeklies and magazines, online news sources, web pages of daily newspapers and healthcare oriented weeklies from 2011 to 2013. We searched the sources using the general term "medicine" to reduce the chances of missing relevant items. The identified news media were read, and categorized under three groups of items announcing "shortage of medicines," "medicines related issues" and "no shortage." We conducted trend analyzes to see whether the news media related to access to medicines were affected by the economic sanctions.

Findings: A total number of 371 relevant news media were collected. The number of news media related to medicines substantially increased in the study period: 30 (8%), 161 (43%) and 180 (49%) were published in 2011, 2012 and 2013, respectively. While 145 (39%) of media items referred to the shortage of medicines, 97 (26%) reported no shortage or alleviating of concerns.

Conclusion: Media analysis suggests a clear increase in the number of news media reporting a shortage in Iran after the sanctions. In 2013, there were accompanying increases in the number of news media reporting alleviation of the shortages of medicines. Our analysis provides evidence of negative effects of the sanctions on access to medicines in Iran.

No MeSH data available.