Limits...
Seasonal Pattern in Suicide in Iran.

Moqaddasi Amiri M, Ahmadi Livani A, Moosazadeh M, Mirzajani M, Dehghan A - Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci (2015)

Bottom Line: The present study was a longitudinal study with time series features.The variable time, in this study, was defined as each month of study years (2005 - 2011), which included 84 monthly time points.To analyze data, the Student's independent t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) test were used.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IR Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Various studies have shown a seasonal pattern in suicide in the developed societies; however, this pattern is not taken into consideration in most countries including Iran.

Objectives: The current paper studied the seasonal pattern of committing suicide in Northern Iran.

Materials and methods: The present study was a longitudinal study with time series features. Subject included suicide attempts recorded by emergency wards of all hospitals in Mazandaran province, Iran. The variable time, in this study, was defined as each month of study years (2005 - 2011), which included 84 monthly time points. To analyze data, the Student's independent t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) test were used.

Results: Of the 14,437 suicide attempts reported during the seven-year period, 5359 (37.1%) were related to males. Suicide attempts reached a peak in June (1418 cases) and November (1352 cases), but were at their lowest level in March (991 cases) (P = 0.877).

Conclusions: The suicide seasonality range is broad in this part of Iran. Moreover, there were two noticeable suicide peaks in June and November.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Number of Suicides by Years
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4644624&req=5

A842FIG1: Number of Suicides by Years

Mentions: Average monthly suicide attempts among males and females were 63.8 ± 26.3 and 108.1 ± 42.4, respectively (P = 0.001) (Table 1). Figure 1 revealed that suicide cases increased from 1138 in 2005 to 2307 in 2011, peak in 2008 (18.9%). Moreover, the suicide rate was significantly higher in females than in males in all months and seasons of the year (P = 0.001) (Figure 2).


Seasonal Pattern in Suicide in Iran.

Moqaddasi Amiri M, Ahmadi Livani A, Moosazadeh M, Mirzajani M, Dehghan A - Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci (2015)

Number of Suicides by Years
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4644624&req=5

A842FIG1: Number of Suicides by Years
Mentions: Average monthly suicide attempts among males and females were 63.8 ± 26.3 and 108.1 ± 42.4, respectively (P = 0.001) (Table 1). Figure 1 revealed that suicide cases increased from 1138 in 2005 to 2307 in 2011, peak in 2008 (18.9%). Moreover, the suicide rate was significantly higher in females than in males in all months and seasons of the year (P = 0.001) (Figure 2).

Bottom Line: The present study was a longitudinal study with time series features.The variable time, in this study, was defined as each month of study years (2005 - 2011), which included 84 monthly time points.To analyze data, the Student's independent t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) test were used.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IR Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Various studies have shown a seasonal pattern in suicide in the developed societies; however, this pattern is not taken into consideration in most countries including Iran.

Objectives: The current paper studied the seasonal pattern of committing suicide in Northern Iran.

Materials and methods: The present study was a longitudinal study with time series features. Subject included suicide attempts recorded by emergency wards of all hospitals in Mazandaran province, Iran. The variable time, in this study, was defined as each month of study years (2005 - 2011), which included 84 monthly time points. To analyze data, the Student's independent t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) test were used.

Results: Of the 14,437 suicide attempts reported during the seven-year period, 5359 (37.1%) were related to males. Suicide attempts reached a peak in June (1418 cases) and November (1352 cases), but were at their lowest level in March (991 cases) (P = 0.877).

Conclusions: The suicide seasonality range is broad in this part of Iran. Moreover, there were two noticeable suicide peaks in June and November.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus