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Digital Presence of Norwegian Scholars on Academic Network Sites--Where and Who Are They?

Mikki S, Zygmuntowska M, Gjesdal ØL, Al Ruwehy HA - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: However, within Faculty of Humanities, Academia.edu is the preferred one.We find different bibliometric indicators to correlate strongly within individual platforms and across platforms.There is however less agreement between the traditional bibliometric and social activity indicators.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of Bergen Library, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

ABSTRACT
The use of academic profiling sites is becoming more common, and emerging technologies boost researchers' visibility and exchange of ideas. In our study we compared profiles at five different profiling sites. These five sites are ResearchGate, Academia.edu, Google Scholar Citations, ResearcherID and ORCID. The data set is enriched by demographic information including age, gender, position and affiliation, which are provided by the national CRIS-system in Norway. We find that approximately 37% of researchers at the University of Bergen have at least one profile, the prevalence being highest (> 40%) for members at the Faculty of Psychology and the Faculty of Social Sciences. Across all disciplines, ResearchGate is the most widely used platform. However, within Faculty of Humanities, Academia.edu is the preferred one. Researchers are reluctant to maintain multiple profiles, and there is little overlap between different services. Age turns out to be a poor indicator for presence in the investigated profiling sites, women are underrepresented and professors together with PhD students are the most likely profile holders. We next investigated the correlation between bibliometric measures, such as publications and citations, and user activities, such as downloads and followers. We find different bibliometric indicators to correlate strongly within individual platforms and across platforms. There is however less agreement between the traditional bibliometric and social activity indicators.

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Correlation matrix among the 21 indicators from academic profiling services (Spearman’s rank).CRIStin = Current Research Information System in Norway, ORCID = Open Researcher and Contributor ID, RID = ResearcherID, GS = Google Scholar Citations, ACA = Academia.edu, RG = ResearchGate.
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pone.0142709.g004: Correlation matrix among the 21 indicators from academic profiling services (Spearman’s rank).CRIStin = Current Research Information System in Norway, ORCID = Open Researcher and Contributor ID, RID = ResearcherID, GS = Google Scholar Citations, ACA = Academia.edu, RG = ResearchGate.

Mentions: Fig 4 shows the Spearmans rank correlation between the 21 analyzed indicators that are described in Table 1 in section 2.2. We applied a pair-wise deletion procedure to avoid erroneous correlation due to a high number of zeros or missing values. Correlation coefficients are only shown above 0.1 and when they are significant at a 0.05 level. The parameters are sorted in the following order: We first list the traditional bibliometric indicators such as number of publications, citations and h-index. Then we look at the number of downloads and the site dependent scores, which are linked to online activities related to publications (‘publication scores’). At the right (bottom) we list the indicators related to ‘social activity’: how much other scholars used the profile (profileViews and followers) and how the researchers themselves are using the site for networking (following).


Digital Presence of Norwegian Scholars on Academic Network Sites--Where and Who Are They?

Mikki S, Zygmuntowska M, Gjesdal ØL, Al Ruwehy HA - PLoS ONE (2015)

Correlation matrix among the 21 indicators from academic profiling services (Spearman’s rank).CRIStin = Current Research Information System in Norway, ORCID = Open Researcher and Contributor ID, RID = ResearcherID, GS = Google Scholar Citations, ACA = Academia.edu, RG = ResearchGate.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4643921&req=5

pone.0142709.g004: Correlation matrix among the 21 indicators from academic profiling services (Spearman’s rank).CRIStin = Current Research Information System in Norway, ORCID = Open Researcher and Contributor ID, RID = ResearcherID, GS = Google Scholar Citations, ACA = Academia.edu, RG = ResearchGate.
Mentions: Fig 4 shows the Spearmans rank correlation between the 21 analyzed indicators that are described in Table 1 in section 2.2. We applied a pair-wise deletion procedure to avoid erroneous correlation due to a high number of zeros or missing values. Correlation coefficients are only shown above 0.1 and when they are significant at a 0.05 level. The parameters are sorted in the following order: We first list the traditional bibliometric indicators such as number of publications, citations and h-index. Then we look at the number of downloads and the site dependent scores, which are linked to online activities related to publications (‘publication scores’). At the right (bottom) we list the indicators related to ‘social activity’: how much other scholars used the profile (profileViews and followers) and how the researchers themselves are using the site for networking (following).

Bottom Line: However, within Faculty of Humanities, Academia.edu is the preferred one.We find different bibliometric indicators to correlate strongly within individual platforms and across platforms.There is however less agreement between the traditional bibliometric and social activity indicators.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of Bergen Library, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

ABSTRACT
The use of academic profiling sites is becoming more common, and emerging technologies boost researchers' visibility and exchange of ideas. In our study we compared profiles at five different profiling sites. These five sites are ResearchGate, Academia.edu, Google Scholar Citations, ResearcherID and ORCID. The data set is enriched by demographic information including age, gender, position and affiliation, which are provided by the national CRIS-system in Norway. We find that approximately 37% of researchers at the University of Bergen have at least one profile, the prevalence being highest (> 40%) for members at the Faculty of Psychology and the Faculty of Social Sciences. Across all disciplines, ResearchGate is the most widely used platform. However, within Faculty of Humanities, Academia.edu is the preferred one. Researchers are reluctant to maintain multiple profiles, and there is little overlap between different services. Age turns out to be a poor indicator for presence in the investigated profiling sites, women are underrepresented and professors together with PhD students are the most likely profile holders. We next investigated the correlation between bibliometric measures, such as publications and citations, and user activities, such as downloads and followers. We find different bibliometric indicators to correlate strongly within individual platforms and across platforms. There is however less agreement between the traditional bibliometric and social activity indicators.

Show MeSH