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Brachytherapy in the treatment of lung cancer - a valuable solution.

Skowronek J - J Contemp Brachytherapy (2015)

Bottom Line: Efforts to relieve this obstructive process are worthwhile, because patients may experience improved quality of their life (QoL).This option is fast, inexpensive, and easy to perform on an outpatient basis.Clinical indications, different techniques, results, and complications are presented in this work.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Brachytherapy Department, Greater Poland Cancer Center ; Electroradiology Department, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The majority of patients with lung cancer are diagnosed with clinically advanced disease. Many of these patients have a short life expectancy and are treated with palliative aim. Because of uncontrolled local or recurrent disease, patients may have significant symptoms such as: cough, dyspnea, hemoptysis, obstructive pneumonia, or atelectasis. Brachytherapy is one of the most efficient methods in overcoming difficulties in breathing that is caused by endobronchial obstruction in palliative treatment of bronchus cancer. Efforts to relieve this obstructive process are worthwhile, because patients may experience improved quality of their life (QoL). Brachytherapy plays a limited but specific role in definitive treatment with curative intent in selected cases of early endobronchial disease as well as in the postoperative treatment of small residual peribronchial disease. Depending on the location of the lesion, in some cases brachytherapy is a treatment of choice. This option is fast, inexpensive, and easy to perform on an outpatient basis. Clinical indications, different techniques, results, and complications are presented in this work.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

A, B) Irradiation effects after brachytherapy – partialremission, superficial necrosis with residual tumor issue [own material]
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Figure 0012: A, B) Irradiation effects after brachytherapy – partialremission, superficial necrosis with residual tumor issue [own material]

Mentions: Acute side effects related to the treatment procedure itself are reported in 1-3% ofapplications consisting of pneumothorax, bronchospasm, hemoptysis, pneumonia,cardiac arrhythmia, cardiac arrest, or hypotension. Some problems arise in assessingthe incidence of late complications occurring weeks to months after brachytherapy,as it is sometimes difficult to differentiate between complications due to tumorprogression or from radiotherapy. Examples of late necrosis are presented in Figure 12.


Brachytherapy in the treatment of lung cancer - a valuable solution.

Skowronek J - J Contemp Brachytherapy (2015)

A, B) Irradiation effects after brachytherapy – partialremission, superficial necrosis with residual tumor issue [own material]
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4643732&req=5

Figure 0012: A, B) Irradiation effects after brachytherapy – partialremission, superficial necrosis with residual tumor issue [own material]
Mentions: Acute side effects related to the treatment procedure itself are reported in 1-3% ofapplications consisting of pneumothorax, bronchospasm, hemoptysis, pneumonia,cardiac arrhythmia, cardiac arrest, or hypotension. Some problems arise in assessingthe incidence of late complications occurring weeks to months after brachytherapy,as it is sometimes difficult to differentiate between complications due to tumorprogression or from radiotherapy. Examples of late necrosis are presented in Figure 12.

Bottom Line: Efforts to relieve this obstructive process are worthwhile, because patients may experience improved quality of their life (QoL).This option is fast, inexpensive, and easy to perform on an outpatient basis.Clinical indications, different techniques, results, and complications are presented in this work.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Brachytherapy Department, Greater Poland Cancer Center ; Electroradiology Department, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

ABSTRACT
The majority of patients with lung cancer are diagnosed with clinically advanced disease. Many of these patients have a short life expectancy and are treated with palliative aim. Because of uncontrolled local or recurrent disease, patients may have significant symptoms such as: cough, dyspnea, hemoptysis, obstructive pneumonia, or atelectasis. Brachytherapy is one of the most efficient methods in overcoming difficulties in breathing that is caused by endobronchial obstruction in palliative treatment of bronchus cancer. Efforts to relieve this obstructive process are worthwhile, because patients may experience improved quality of their life (QoL). Brachytherapy plays a limited but specific role in definitive treatment with curative intent in selected cases of early endobronchial disease as well as in the postoperative treatment of small residual peribronchial disease. Depending on the location of the lesion, in some cases brachytherapy is a treatment of choice. This option is fast, inexpensive, and easy to perform on an outpatient basis. Clinical indications, different techniques, results, and complications are presented in this work.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus