Limits...
Priming Gestures with Sounds.

Lemaitre G, Heller LM, Navolio N, Zúñiga-Peñaranda N - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Two results were found.First, the priming effect exists for ecological as well as arbitrary associations between gestures and sounds.Second, the priming effect is greatly reduced for ecologically existing associations and is eliminated for arbitrary associations when the response gesture stops producing the associated sounds.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences/Department of Psychology/Auditory Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
We report a series of experiments about a little-studied type of compatibility effect between a stimulus and a response: the priming of manual gestures via sounds associated with these gestures. The goal was to investigate the plasticity of the gesture-sound associations mediating this type of priming. Five experiments used a primed choice-reaction task. Participants were cued by a stimulus to perform response gestures that produced response sounds; those sounds were also used as primes before the response cues. We compared arbitrary associations between gestures and sounds (key lifts and pure tones) created during the experiment (i.e. no pre-existing knowledge) with ecological associations corresponding to the structure of the world (tapping gestures and sounds, scraping gestures and sounds) learned through the entire life of the participant (thus existing prior to the experiment). Two results were found. First, the priming effect exists for ecological as well as arbitrary associations between gestures and sounds. Second, the priming effect is greatly reduced for ecologically existing associations and is eliminated for arbitrary associations when the response gesture stops producing the associated sounds. These results provide evidence that auditory-motor priming is mainly created by rapid learning of the association between sounds and the gestures that produce them. Auditory-motor priming is therefore mediated by short-term associations between gestures and sounds that can be readily reconfigured regardless of prior knowledge.

No MeSH data available.


The structure of a trial, common to all experiments.Participants responded to vocal cue S1 or S2 by executing a response gesture R1 or R2. R1 and R2 produced response sounds E1 and E2, respectively, which were also used to prime the gestures. R1 and R2 are mapped to left-hand and right-hand key lifts in Experiment One and Experiment Two and mapped to tapping and scraping gestures in Experiments Three and Four. E1 and E2 are low-pitched and high-pitched tones in Experiment One whereas they are tapping and scraping sounds in Experiments Two and Three. See Table 1 for a design summary.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4636392&req=5

pone.0141791.g001: The structure of a trial, common to all experiments.Participants responded to vocal cue S1 or S2 by executing a response gesture R1 or R2. R1 and R2 produced response sounds E1 and E2, respectively, which were also used to prime the gestures. R1 and R2 are mapped to left-hand and right-hand key lifts in Experiment One and Experiment Two and mapped to tapping and scraping gestures in Experiments Three and Four. E1 and E2 are low-pitched and high-pitched tones in Experiment One whereas they are tapping and scraping sounds in Experiments Two and Three. See Table 1 for a design summary.

Mentions: All experiments followed the same stimulus-response paradigm summarized in Fig 1: participants responded to a vocal cue (S1 or S2) by executing a response gesture (R1 or R2) that produced a response sound (E1 or E2). Response sounds were used as primes during the test phase. Experiment One used a paradigm similar to Hommel’s with key lifts and tones. Experiment Two replicated it with the tapping and scraping sounds of Experiment Three associated with key lifts. Experiment Three used a custom interface in which participants performed tapping and scraping gestures. The sounds directly produced by these actions were recorded prior to experimentation, and these recordings were used as primes. Experiment Four replicated Experiment Three with no learning phase, and the interface was muffled so that the two response gestures produced no sounds. Finally, Experiment Five replicated Experiment One (key lifts and tones), but stopped the response sounds halfway through the experiment to observe if the priming effect can persist even when the gesture-sound association is no longer reinforced. Each experiment used a different set of participants to ensure that learning the gesture-sound association did not carry over across experiments. Data are available at the following URL: https://zenodo.org/record/20734.


Priming Gestures with Sounds.

Lemaitre G, Heller LM, Navolio N, Zúñiga-Peñaranda N - PLoS ONE (2015)

The structure of a trial, common to all experiments.Participants responded to vocal cue S1 or S2 by executing a response gesture R1 or R2. R1 and R2 produced response sounds E1 and E2, respectively, which were also used to prime the gestures. R1 and R2 are mapped to left-hand and right-hand key lifts in Experiment One and Experiment Two and mapped to tapping and scraping gestures in Experiments Three and Four. E1 and E2 are low-pitched and high-pitched tones in Experiment One whereas they are tapping and scraping sounds in Experiments Two and Three. See Table 1 for a design summary.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4636392&req=5

pone.0141791.g001: The structure of a trial, common to all experiments.Participants responded to vocal cue S1 or S2 by executing a response gesture R1 or R2. R1 and R2 produced response sounds E1 and E2, respectively, which were also used to prime the gestures. R1 and R2 are mapped to left-hand and right-hand key lifts in Experiment One and Experiment Two and mapped to tapping and scraping gestures in Experiments Three and Four. E1 and E2 are low-pitched and high-pitched tones in Experiment One whereas they are tapping and scraping sounds in Experiments Two and Three. See Table 1 for a design summary.
Mentions: All experiments followed the same stimulus-response paradigm summarized in Fig 1: participants responded to a vocal cue (S1 or S2) by executing a response gesture (R1 or R2) that produced a response sound (E1 or E2). Response sounds were used as primes during the test phase. Experiment One used a paradigm similar to Hommel’s with key lifts and tones. Experiment Two replicated it with the tapping and scraping sounds of Experiment Three associated with key lifts. Experiment Three used a custom interface in which participants performed tapping and scraping gestures. The sounds directly produced by these actions were recorded prior to experimentation, and these recordings were used as primes. Experiment Four replicated Experiment Three with no learning phase, and the interface was muffled so that the two response gestures produced no sounds. Finally, Experiment Five replicated Experiment One (key lifts and tones), but stopped the response sounds halfway through the experiment to observe if the priming effect can persist even when the gesture-sound association is no longer reinforced. Each experiment used a different set of participants to ensure that learning the gesture-sound association did not carry over across experiments. Data are available at the following URL: https://zenodo.org/record/20734.

Bottom Line: Two results were found.First, the priming effect exists for ecological as well as arbitrary associations between gestures and sounds.Second, the priming effect is greatly reduced for ecologically existing associations and is eliminated for arbitrary associations when the response gesture stops producing the associated sounds.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences/Department of Psychology/Auditory Laboratory, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
We report a series of experiments about a little-studied type of compatibility effect between a stimulus and a response: the priming of manual gestures via sounds associated with these gestures. The goal was to investigate the plasticity of the gesture-sound associations mediating this type of priming. Five experiments used a primed choice-reaction task. Participants were cued by a stimulus to perform response gestures that produced response sounds; those sounds were also used as primes before the response cues. We compared arbitrary associations between gestures and sounds (key lifts and pure tones) created during the experiment (i.e. no pre-existing knowledge) with ecological associations corresponding to the structure of the world (tapping gestures and sounds, scraping gestures and sounds) learned through the entire life of the participant (thus existing prior to the experiment). Two results were found. First, the priming effect exists for ecological as well as arbitrary associations between gestures and sounds. Second, the priming effect is greatly reduced for ecologically existing associations and is eliminated for arbitrary associations when the response gesture stops producing the associated sounds. These results provide evidence that auditory-motor priming is mainly created by rapid learning of the association between sounds and the gestures that produce them. Auditory-motor priming is therefore mediated by short-term associations between gestures and sounds that can be readily reconfigured regardless of prior knowledge.

No MeSH data available.