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Trough Concentrations of Vancomycin in Patients Undergoing Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation.

Park SJ, Yang JH, Park HJ, In YW, Lee YM, Cho YH, Chung CR, Park CM, Jeon K, Suh GY - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Early trough levels were obtained within the fourth dosing, and maintenance levels were measured at steady state.Sixteen patients received an initial intravenous dose of 1.0 g vancomycin followed by 1.0 g every 12 hours.Vancomycin clearance was 1.27±0.51 mL/min/kg, vancomycin clearance/creatinine clearance ratio was 0.90 ± 0.37, and elimination rate constant was 0.12 ± 0.04 h-1.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmaceutical Services, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT
To investigate the appropriateness of the current vancomycin dosing strategy in adult patients with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), between March 2013 and November 2013, patients who were treated with vancomycin while on ECMO were enrolled. Control group consisted of 60 patients on vancomycin without ECMO, stayed in medical intensive care unit during the same study period and with the same exclusion criteria. Early trough levels were obtained within the fourth dosing, and maintenance levels were measured at steady state. A total of 20 patients were included in the analysis in ECMO group. Sixteen patients received an initial intravenous dose of 1.0 g vancomycin followed by 1.0 g every 12 hours. The non-steady state trough level of vancomycin after starting administration was subtherapeutic in 19 patients (95.00%) in ECMO group as compared with 40 patients (66.67%) in the control group (p = 0.013). Vancomycin clearance was 1.27±0.51 mL/min/kg, vancomycin clearance/creatinine clearance ratio was 0.90 ± 0.37, and elimination rate constant was 0.12 ± 0.04 h-1. Vancomycin dosingfrequency and total daily dose were significantly increased after clinical pharmacokinetic services of the pharmacist based on calculated pharmacokinetic parameters (from 2.10 ± 0.72 to 2.90 ± 0.97times/day, p = 0.002 and from 32.54 ± 8.43 to 42.24 ± 14.62mg/kg, p = 0.014) in ECMO group in contrast with those (from 2.11 ± 0.69 to 2.37 ± 0.86 times/day, p = 0.071 and from 33.91 ± 11.85 to 31.61 ± 17.50 mg/kg, p = 0.350) in the control group.Although the elimination rate for vancomycin was similar with population parameter of non ECMO patients, the current dosing strategy of our institution for vancomycinin our ICU was not sufficient to achieve the target trough in the initial period in most patients receiving ECMO.

No MeSH data available.


Time and serum vancomycin level changes.
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pone.0141016.g001: Time and serum vancomycin level changes.

Mentions: The pharmacokinetic parameters mentioned above and dosage modifications were calculated using short infusion model below[7](Fig 1):


Trough Concentrations of Vancomycin in Patients Undergoing Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation.

Park SJ, Yang JH, Park HJ, In YW, Lee YM, Cho YH, Chung CR, Park CM, Jeon K, Suh GY - PLoS ONE (2015)

Time and serum vancomycin level changes.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4636270&req=5

pone.0141016.g001: Time and serum vancomycin level changes.
Mentions: The pharmacokinetic parameters mentioned above and dosage modifications were calculated using short infusion model below[7](Fig 1):

Bottom Line: Early trough levels were obtained within the fourth dosing, and maintenance levels were measured at steady state.Sixteen patients received an initial intravenous dose of 1.0 g vancomycin followed by 1.0 g every 12 hours.Vancomycin clearance was 1.27±0.51 mL/min/kg, vancomycin clearance/creatinine clearance ratio was 0.90 ± 0.37, and elimination rate constant was 0.12 ± 0.04 h-1.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmaceutical Services, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

ABSTRACT
To investigate the appropriateness of the current vancomycin dosing strategy in adult patients with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), between March 2013 and November 2013, patients who were treated with vancomycin while on ECMO were enrolled. Control group consisted of 60 patients on vancomycin without ECMO, stayed in medical intensive care unit during the same study period and with the same exclusion criteria. Early trough levels were obtained within the fourth dosing, and maintenance levels were measured at steady state. A total of 20 patients were included in the analysis in ECMO group. Sixteen patients received an initial intravenous dose of 1.0 g vancomycin followed by 1.0 g every 12 hours. The non-steady state trough level of vancomycin after starting administration was subtherapeutic in 19 patients (95.00%) in ECMO group as compared with 40 patients (66.67%) in the control group (p = 0.013). Vancomycin clearance was 1.27±0.51 mL/min/kg, vancomycin clearance/creatinine clearance ratio was 0.90 ± 0.37, and elimination rate constant was 0.12 ± 0.04 h-1. Vancomycin dosingfrequency and total daily dose were significantly increased after clinical pharmacokinetic services of the pharmacist based on calculated pharmacokinetic parameters (from 2.10 ± 0.72 to 2.90 ± 0.97times/day, p = 0.002 and from 32.54 ± 8.43 to 42.24 ± 14.62mg/kg, p = 0.014) in ECMO group in contrast with those (from 2.11 ± 0.69 to 2.37 ± 0.86 times/day, p = 0.071 and from 33.91 ± 11.85 to 31.61 ± 17.50 mg/kg, p = 0.350) in the control group.Although the elimination rate for vancomycin was similar with population parameter of non ECMO patients, the current dosing strategy of our institution for vancomycinin our ICU was not sufficient to achieve the target trough in the initial period in most patients receiving ECMO.

No MeSH data available.