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Analysis of PIK3CA Mutations and Activation Pathways in Triple Negative Breast Cancer.

Cossu-Rocca P, Orrù S, Muroni MR, Sanges F, Sotgiu G, Ena S, Pira G, Murgia L, Manca A, Uras MG, Sarobba MG, Urru S, De Miglio MR - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: The aims of our study were to investigate PIK3CA gene mutations on a large series of TNBC, to perform a wider analysis on genetic alterations involving PI3K/AKT and BRAF/RAS/MAPK pathways and to correlate the results with clinical-pathologic data.Our data shows that PIK3CA mutations and PI3K/AKT pathway activation are common events in TNBC.A deeper investigation on specific TNBC genomic abnormalities might be helpful in order to select patients who would benefit from current targeted therapy strategies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy.

ABSTRACT

Background: Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) accounts for 12-24% of all breast carcinomas, and shows worse prognosis compared to other breast cancer subtypes. Molecular studies demonstrated that TNBCs are a heterogeneous group of tumors with different clinical and pathologic features, prognosis, genetic-molecular alterations and treatment responsivity. The PI3K/AKT is a major pathway involved in the regulation of cell survival and proliferation, and is the most frequently altered pathway in breast cancer, apparently with different biologic impact on specific cancer subtypes. The most common genetic abnormality is represented by PIK3CA gene activating mutations, with an overall frequency of 20-40%. The aims of our study were to investigate PIK3CA gene mutations on a large series of TNBC, to perform a wider analysis on genetic alterations involving PI3K/AKT and BRAF/RAS/MAPK pathways and to correlate the results with clinical-pathologic data.

Materials and methods: PIK3CA mutation analysis was performed by using cobas® PIK3CA Mutation Test. EGFR, AKT1, BRAF, and KRAS genes were analyzed by sequencing. Immunohistochemistry was carried out to identify PTEN loss and to investigate for PI3K/AKT pathways components.

Results: PIK3CA mutations were detected in 23.7% of TNBC, whereas no mutations were identified in EGFR, AKT1, BRAF, and KRAS genes. Moreover, we observed PTEN loss in 11.3% of tumors. Deregulation of PI3K/AKT pathways was revealed by consistent activation of pAKT and p-p44/42 MAPK in all PIK3CA mutated TNBC.

Conclusions: Our data shows that PIK3CA mutations and PI3K/AKT pathway activation are common events in TNBC. A deeper investigation on specific TNBC genomic abnormalities might be helpful in order to select patients who would benefit from current targeted therapy strategies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Morphologic and immunohistochemical features of Triple Negative Breast Cancer.(A) Haematoxylin & Eosin stain illustrates a Triple Negative variant with features of high grade invasive ductal carcinoma (original magnification 100X); (B) Immunohistochemistry for EGFR displaying diffuse and moderate membranous and membranous-cytoplasmic immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X); (C) Immunohistochemistry for CK5/6 showing diffuse and intense cytoplasmic immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X); (D) Immunohistochemistry for p- AKT showing diffuse and intense nuclear immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X); (E) Immunohistochemistry for p-p44/42 MAPK displaying diffuse and intense nuclear-cytoplasmic immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X); (F) Immunostaining for PTEN showing diffuse and intense nuclear immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X).
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pone.0141763.g001: Morphologic and immunohistochemical features of Triple Negative Breast Cancer.(A) Haematoxylin & Eosin stain illustrates a Triple Negative variant with features of high grade invasive ductal carcinoma (original magnification 100X); (B) Immunohistochemistry for EGFR displaying diffuse and moderate membranous and membranous-cytoplasmic immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X); (C) Immunohistochemistry for CK5/6 showing diffuse and intense cytoplasmic immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X); (D) Immunohistochemistry for p- AKT showing diffuse and intense nuclear immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X); (E) Immunohistochemistry for p-p44/42 MAPK displaying diffuse and intense nuclear-cytoplasmic immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X); (F) Immunostaining for PTEN showing diffuse and intense nuclear immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X).

Mentions: PTEN showed nuclear staining. PTEN loss was identified in 11.3% of TNBC (score 0), all with basal-like features; whereas 21.6% presented weak (score 1), 39.3% moderate (score 2) and 27.8% strong expression (Table 3, Fig 1).


Analysis of PIK3CA Mutations and Activation Pathways in Triple Negative Breast Cancer.

Cossu-Rocca P, Orrù S, Muroni MR, Sanges F, Sotgiu G, Ena S, Pira G, Murgia L, Manca A, Uras MG, Sarobba MG, Urru S, De Miglio MR - PLoS ONE (2015)

Morphologic and immunohistochemical features of Triple Negative Breast Cancer.(A) Haematoxylin & Eosin stain illustrates a Triple Negative variant with features of high grade invasive ductal carcinoma (original magnification 100X); (B) Immunohistochemistry for EGFR displaying diffuse and moderate membranous and membranous-cytoplasmic immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X); (C) Immunohistochemistry for CK5/6 showing diffuse and intense cytoplasmic immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X); (D) Immunohistochemistry for p- AKT showing diffuse and intense nuclear immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X); (E) Immunohistochemistry for p-p44/42 MAPK displaying diffuse and intense nuclear-cytoplasmic immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X); (F) Immunostaining for PTEN showing diffuse and intense nuclear immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4634768&req=5

pone.0141763.g001: Morphologic and immunohistochemical features of Triple Negative Breast Cancer.(A) Haematoxylin & Eosin stain illustrates a Triple Negative variant with features of high grade invasive ductal carcinoma (original magnification 100X); (B) Immunohistochemistry for EGFR displaying diffuse and moderate membranous and membranous-cytoplasmic immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X); (C) Immunohistochemistry for CK5/6 showing diffuse and intense cytoplasmic immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X); (D) Immunohistochemistry for p- AKT showing diffuse and intense nuclear immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X); (E) Immunohistochemistry for p-p44/42 MAPK displaying diffuse and intense nuclear-cytoplasmic immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X); (F) Immunostaining for PTEN showing diffuse and intense nuclear immunoreactivity (original magnification 100X).
Mentions: PTEN showed nuclear staining. PTEN loss was identified in 11.3% of TNBC (score 0), all with basal-like features; whereas 21.6% presented weak (score 1), 39.3% moderate (score 2) and 27.8% strong expression (Table 3, Fig 1).

Bottom Line: The aims of our study were to investigate PIK3CA gene mutations on a large series of TNBC, to perform a wider analysis on genetic alterations involving PI3K/AKT and BRAF/RAS/MAPK pathways and to correlate the results with clinical-pathologic data.Our data shows that PIK3CA mutations and PI3K/AKT pathway activation are common events in TNBC.A deeper investigation on specific TNBC genomic abnormalities might be helpful in order to select patients who would benefit from current targeted therapy strategies.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy.

ABSTRACT

Background: Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) accounts for 12-24% of all breast carcinomas, and shows worse prognosis compared to other breast cancer subtypes. Molecular studies demonstrated that TNBCs are a heterogeneous group of tumors with different clinical and pathologic features, prognosis, genetic-molecular alterations and treatment responsivity. The PI3K/AKT is a major pathway involved in the regulation of cell survival and proliferation, and is the most frequently altered pathway in breast cancer, apparently with different biologic impact on specific cancer subtypes. The most common genetic abnormality is represented by PIK3CA gene activating mutations, with an overall frequency of 20-40%. The aims of our study were to investigate PIK3CA gene mutations on a large series of TNBC, to perform a wider analysis on genetic alterations involving PI3K/AKT and BRAF/RAS/MAPK pathways and to correlate the results with clinical-pathologic data.

Materials and methods: PIK3CA mutation analysis was performed by using cobas® PIK3CA Mutation Test. EGFR, AKT1, BRAF, and KRAS genes were analyzed by sequencing. Immunohistochemistry was carried out to identify PTEN loss and to investigate for PI3K/AKT pathways components.

Results: PIK3CA mutations were detected in 23.7% of TNBC, whereas no mutations were identified in EGFR, AKT1, BRAF, and KRAS genes. Moreover, we observed PTEN loss in 11.3% of tumors. Deregulation of PI3K/AKT pathways was revealed by consistent activation of pAKT and p-p44/42 MAPK in all PIK3CA mutated TNBC.

Conclusions: Our data shows that PIK3CA mutations and PI3K/AKT pathway activation are common events in TNBC. A deeper investigation on specific TNBC genomic abnormalities might be helpful in order to select patients who would benefit from current targeted therapy strategies.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus