Limits...
Taxonomic Synopsis of the Ponto-Mediterranean Ants of Temnothorax nylanderi Species-Group.

Csősz S, Heinze J, Mikó I - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: We describe seven new species (T. angulinodis sp. n., T. angustifrons sp. n., T. ariadnae sp. n., T. helenae sp. n., T. lucidus sp. n., T. similis sp. n., T. subtilis sp. n.), raise T. tergestinus (FINZI, 1928) stat.n. to species level, and propose a new junior synonymy for T. saxonicus (SEIFERT, 1995) syn.n. (junior synonym of T. tergestinus).Furthermore, we provide a decision tree as an alternative identification key that visually gives an overview of this species-group.We make the first application to Formicidae of the Semantic Phenotype approach that has been used in previous taxonomic revisions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Entomology, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
In the current revisionary work, the Temnothorax nylanderi species-group of myrmicine ants is characterized. Eighteen species belonging to this group in the Ponto-Mediterranean region are described or redefined based on an integrative approach that combines exploratory analyses of morphometric data and of a 658bp fragment of the mitochondrial gene for the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (CO I). The species group is subdivided into five species complexes: T. angustifrons complex, T. lichtensteini complex, T. nylanderi complex, T. parvulus complex, T. sordidulus complex, and two species, T. angulinodis sp. n. and T. flavicornis (Emery, 1870) form their own lineages. We describe seven new species (T. angulinodis sp. n., T. angustifrons sp. n., T. ariadnae sp. n., T. helenae sp. n., T. lucidus sp. n., T. similis sp. n., T. subtilis sp. n.), raise T. tergestinus (FINZI, 1928) stat.n. to species level, and propose a new junior synonymy for T. saxonicus (SEIFERT, 1995) syn.n. (junior synonym of T. tergestinus). We describe the worker caste and provide high quality images and distributional maps for all eighteen species. Furthermore, we provide a decision tree as an alternative identification key that visually gives an overview of this species-group. We make the first application to Formicidae of the Semantic Phenotype approach that has been used in previous taxonomic revisions.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Scatterplot of discriminant scores for Temnothorax nylanderi species-complex is illustrated on the 1st and 2nd axis.Color codes: T. crasecundus (red), T. crassispinus (green), T. nylanderi (blue). Convex hulls visualize the range for each group.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4633182&req=5

pone.0140000.g018: Scatterplot of discriminant scores for Temnothorax nylanderi species-complex is illustrated on the 1st and 2nd axis.Color codes: T. crasecundus (red), T. crassispinus (green), T. nylanderi (blue). Convex hulls visualize the range for each group.

Mentions: According to exploratory NC-clustering and confirmatory analyses (S5 Table, Fig 18) this complex comprises three species: Temnothorax crasecundus Seifert & Csősz 2014, T. crassispinus (Karavaiev, 1926) and T. nylanderi (Foerster, 1850). This species-complex is widely distributed in Europe and Turkey (Fig 19).


Taxonomic Synopsis of the Ponto-Mediterranean Ants of Temnothorax nylanderi Species-Group.

Csősz S, Heinze J, Mikó I - PLoS ONE (2015)

Scatterplot of discriminant scores for Temnothorax nylanderi species-complex is illustrated on the 1st and 2nd axis.Color codes: T. crasecundus (red), T. crassispinus (green), T. nylanderi (blue). Convex hulls visualize the range for each group.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4633182&req=5

pone.0140000.g018: Scatterplot of discriminant scores for Temnothorax nylanderi species-complex is illustrated on the 1st and 2nd axis.Color codes: T. crasecundus (red), T. crassispinus (green), T. nylanderi (blue). Convex hulls visualize the range for each group.
Mentions: According to exploratory NC-clustering and confirmatory analyses (S5 Table, Fig 18) this complex comprises three species: Temnothorax crasecundus Seifert & Csősz 2014, T. crassispinus (Karavaiev, 1926) and T. nylanderi (Foerster, 1850). This species-complex is widely distributed in Europe and Turkey (Fig 19).

Bottom Line: We describe seven new species (T. angulinodis sp. n., T. angustifrons sp. n., T. ariadnae sp. n., T. helenae sp. n., T. lucidus sp. n., T. similis sp. n., T. subtilis sp. n.), raise T. tergestinus (FINZI, 1928) stat.n. to species level, and propose a new junior synonymy for T. saxonicus (SEIFERT, 1995) syn.n. (junior synonym of T. tergestinus).Furthermore, we provide a decision tree as an alternative identification key that visually gives an overview of this species-group.We make the first application to Formicidae of the Semantic Phenotype approach that has been used in previous taxonomic revisions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Entomology, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
In the current revisionary work, the Temnothorax nylanderi species-group of myrmicine ants is characterized. Eighteen species belonging to this group in the Ponto-Mediterranean region are described or redefined based on an integrative approach that combines exploratory analyses of morphometric data and of a 658bp fragment of the mitochondrial gene for the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (CO I). The species group is subdivided into five species complexes: T. angustifrons complex, T. lichtensteini complex, T. nylanderi complex, T. parvulus complex, T. sordidulus complex, and two species, T. angulinodis sp. n. and T. flavicornis (Emery, 1870) form their own lineages. We describe seven new species (T. angulinodis sp. n., T. angustifrons sp. n., T. ariadnae sp. n., T. helenae sp. n., T. lucidus sp. n., T. similis sp. n., T. subtilis sp. n.), raise T. tergestinus (FINZI, 1928) stat.n. to species level, and propose a new junior synonymy for T. saxonicus (SEIFERT, 1995) syn.n. (junior synonym of T. tergestinus). We describe the worker caste and provide high quality images and distributional maps for all eighteen species. Furthermore, we provide a decision tree as an alternative identification key that visually gives an overview of this species-group. We make the first application to Formicidae of the Semantic Phenotype approach that has been used in previous taxonomic revisions.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus