Limits...
The effector repertoire of Fusarium oxysporum determines the tomato xylem proteome composition following infection

View Article: PubMed Central

ABSTRACT

Plant pathogens secrete small proteins, of which some are effectors that promote infection. During colonization of the tomato xylem vessels the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici (Fol) secretes small proteins that are referred to as SIX (Secreted In Xylem) proteins. Of these, Six1 (Avr3), Six3 (Avr2), Six5, and Six6 are required for full virulence, denoting them as effectors. To investigate their activities in the plant, the xylem sap proteome of plants inoculated with Fol wild-type or either AVR2, AVR3, SIX2, SIX5, or SIX6 knockout strains was analyzed with nano-Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (nLC-MSMS). Compared to mock-inoculated sap 12 additional plant proteins appeared while 45 proteins were no longer detectable in the xylem sap of Fol-infected plants. Of the 285 proteins found in both uninfected and infected plants the abundance of 258 proteins changed significantly following infection. The xylem sap proteome of plants infected with four Fol effector knockout strains differed significantly from plants infected with wild-type Fol, while that of the SIX2-knockout inoculated plants remained unchanged. Besides an altered abundance of a core set of 24 differentially accumulated proteins (DAPs), each of the four effector knockout strains affected specifically the abundance of a subset of DAPs. Hence, Fol effectors have both unique and shared effects on the composition of the tomato xylem sap proteome.

No MeSH data available.


Proteins with functions in stress responses and signaling and peroxidases generally carry a predicted signal peptide (SP). Bar chart showing (A) the number and (B) the percentage of all proteins identified in data set 1 and 2 per GO category. All identified proteins were separated into two classes (no SP, with SP).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4631825&req=5

Figure 7: Proteins with functions in stress responses and signaling and peroxidases generally carry a predicted signal peptide (SP). Bar chart showing (A) the number and (B) the percentage of all proteins identified in data set 1 and 2 per GO category. All identified proteins were separated into two classes (no SP, with SP).

Mentions: Regarding the total protein dataset from both experiments, the majority of proteins related to “stress responses” had a signal peptide (Figure 7). The same was found for “peroxidases,” “signaling related proteins” and proteins associated to protein modification and degradation. Relatively speaking, proteins with a function in the “redox system,” in “metabolism” or in “cell wall” were more likely to be secreted via an alternative route. Apparently, non-classical-secretion preferably occurs for specific functional categories of xylem sap proteins, but the relationship between infection and their route of secretion needs to be clarified further.


The effector repertoire of Fusarium oxysporum determines the tomato xylem proteome composition following infection
Proteins with functions in stress responses and signaling and peroxidases generally carry a predicted signal peptide (SP). Bar chart showing (A) the number and (B) the percentage of all proteins identified in data set 1 and 2 per GO category. All identified proteins were separated into two classes (no SP, with SP).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4631825&req=5

Figure 7: Proteins with functions in stress responses and signaling and peroxidases generally carry a predicted signal peptide (SP). Bar chart showing (A) the number and (B) the percentage of all proteins identified in data set 1 and 2 per GO category. All identified proteins were separated into two classes (no SP, with SP).
Mentions: Regarding the total protein dataset from both experiments, the majority of proteins related to “stress responses” had a signal peptide (Figure 7). The same was found for “peroxidases,” “signaling related proteins” and proteins associated to protein modification and degradation. Relatively speaking, proteins with a function in the “redox system,” in “metabolism” or in “cell wall” were more likely to be secreted via an alternative route. Apparently, non-classical-secretion preferably occurs for specific functional categories of xylem sap proteins, but the relationship between infection and their route of secretion needs to be clarified further.

View Article: PubMed Central

ABSTRACT

Plant pathogens secrete small proteins, of which some are effectors that promote infection. During colonization of the tomato xylem vessels the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lycopersici (Fol) secretes small proteins that are referred to as SIX (Secreted In Xylem) proteins. Of these, Six1 (Avr3), Six3 (Avr2), Six5, and Six6 are required for full virulence, denoting them as effectors. To investigate their activities in the plant, the xylem sap proteome of plants inoculated with Fol wild-type or either AVR2, AVR3, SIX2, SIX5, or SIX6 knockout strains was analyzed with nano-Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (nLC-MSMS). Compared to mock-inoculated sap 12 additional plant proteins appeared while 45 proteins were no longer detectable in the xylem sap of Fol-infected plants. Of the 285 proteins found in both uninfected and infected plants the abundance of 258 proteins changed significantly following infection. The xylem sap proteome of plants infected with four Fol effector knockout strains differed significantly from plants infected with wild-type Fol, while that of the SIX2-knockout inoculated plants remained unchanged. Besides an altered abundance of a core set of 24 differentially accumulated proteins (DAPs), each of the four effector knockout strains affected specifically the abundance of a subset of DAPs. Hence, Fol effectors have both unique and shared effects on the composition of the tomato xylem sap proteome.

No MeSH data available.