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Hieronymi Fracastorii: the Italian scientist who described the "French disease".

Pesapane F, Marcelli S, Nazzaro G - An Bras Dermatol (2015)

Bottom Line: AbstractGirolamo Fracastoro was a true Italian Renaissance man: he excelled in literature, poetry, music, geography, geology, philosophy, astronomy and, of course, medicine to the point that made Charles-Edward Armory Winslow define him as "a peak unequaled by anyone between Hippocrates and Pasteur".In 1521 Fracastoro wrote the poem "Syphilis Sive de Morbo Gallico" in which was established the use of the term "syphilis" for this terrible and inexplicably transmitted disease, often referred to as "French disease" by the people of the time and by Fracastoro himself.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda, Milan, Italy.

ABSTRACT
AbstractGirolamo Fracastoro was a true Italian Renaissance man: he excelled in literature, poetry, music, geography, geology, philosophy, astronomy and, of course, medicine to the point that made Charles-Edward Armory Winslow define him as "a peak unequaled by anyone between Hippocrates and Pasteur". In 1521 Fracastoro wrote the poem "Syphilis Sive de Morbo Gallico" in which was established the use of the term "syphilis" for this terrible and inexplicably transmitted disease, often referred to as "French disease" by the people of the time and by Fracastoro himself.

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First page of the poem "Syphilis Sive Morbus Gallicus"
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f01: First page of the poem "Syphilis Sive Morbus Gallicus"

Mentions: However, it was another disease that made Fracastoro famous: at the beginning of thesixteenth century an unpublished and incurable epidemic was spreading wildly, affecting analarming population. Five hundred years ago, in 1521, Fracastoro wrote the poem "Syphilssive Morbus Gallicus" in which was established the use of the term "syphilis" for thisterrible and inexplicably transmitted disease, often referred to as "French disease" by thepeople of the time (Figure 1). Whilst this poem isfilled with mythological allusions it affords a good clinical description of the origin,symptoms and treatment of the disease now known by the name Fracastoro gave to one of hispoetical characters.5,6 The three-volume poem, written in hexameters, consists of1300 verses and traces the origin of syphilis through two legendary stories. The firststory illustrates the voyage of Cristoforo Colombo in the West Indies, where the diseasewas overwhelming among the natives because of a curse from the gods of the lost city ofAtlantis. It was in the West Indies that Colombo found out the holy guaiacum tree, whoseextract could be used as an effective natural cure.7


Hieronymi Fracastorii: the Italian scientist who described the "French disease".

Pesapane F, Marcelli S, Nazzaro G - An Bras Dermatol (2015)

First page of the poem "Syphilis Sive Morbus Gallicus"
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4631234&req=5

f01: First page of the poem "Syphilis Sive Morbus Gallicus"
Mentions: However, it was another disease that made Fracastoro famous: at the beginning of thesixteenth century an unpublished and incurable epidemic was spreading wildly, affecting analarming population. Five hundred years ago, in 1521, Fracastoro wrote the poem "Syphilssive Morbus Gallicus" in which was established the use of the term "syphilis" for thisterrible and inexplicably transmitted disease, often referred to as "French disease" by thepeople of the time (Figure 1). Whilst this poem isfilled with mythological allusions it affords a good clinical description of the origin,symptoms and treatment of the disease now known by the name Fracastoro gave to one of hispoetical characters.5,6 The three-volume poem, written in hexameters, consists of1300 verses and traces the origin of syphilis through two legendary stories. The firststory illustrates the voyage of Cristoforo Colombo in the West Indies, where the diseasewas overwhelming among the natives because of a curse from the gods of the lost city ofAtlantis. It was in the West Indies that Colombo found out the holy guaiacum tree, whoseextract could be used as an effective natural cure.7

Bottom Line: AbstractGirolamo Fracastoro was a true Italian Renaissance man: he excelled in literature, poetry, music, geography, geology, philosophy, astronomy and, of course, medicine to the point that made Charles-Edward Armory Winslow define him as "a peak unequaled by anyone between Hippocrates and Pasteur".In 1521 Fracastoro wrote the poem "Syphilis Sive de Morbo Gallico" in which was established the use of the term "syphilis" for this terrible and inexplicably transmitted disease, often referred to as "French disease" by the people of the time and by Fracastoro himself.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda, Milan, Italy.

ABSTRACT
AbstractGirolamo Fracastoro was a true Italian Renaissance man: he excelled in literature, poetry, music, geography, geology, philosophy, astronomy and, of course, medicine to the point that made Charles-Edward Armory Winslow define him as "a peak unequaled by anyone between Hippocrates and Pasteur". In 1521 Fracastoro wrote the poem "Syphilis Sive de Morbo Gallico" in which was established the use of the term "syphilis" for this terrible and inexplicably transmitted disease, often referred to as "French disease" by the people of the time and by Fracastoro himself.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus