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Coccidioidomycosis and the skin: a comprehensive review.

Garcia Garcia SC, Salas Alanis JC, Flores MG, Gonzalez Gonzalez SE, Vera Cabrera L, Ocampo Candiani J - An Bras Dermatol (2015)

Bottom Line: Coccidioides species live in arid and semi-arid regions, causing mainly pulmonary infection through inhalation of arthroconidia although many other organs can be affected.Primary inoculation is rare.Since the first case of coccidioidomycosis was reported in 1892, the skin has been identified as an important target of this disease.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hospital Universitario Dr. José Eleuterio González, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Mexico.

ABSTRACT
AbstractCoccidioidomycosis is a highly prevalent disease in the Western hemisphere. It is considered one of the most virulent primary fungal infections. Coccidioides species live in arid and semi-arid regions, causing mainly pulmonary infection through inhalation of arthroconidia although many other organs can be affected. Primary inoculation is rare. Since the first case of coccidioidomycosis was reported in 1892, the skin has been identified as an important target of this disease. Knowledge of cutaneous clinical forms of this infection is important and very useful for establishing prompt diagnosis and treatment. The purpose of this article is to provide a review of this infection, emphasizing its cutaneous manifestations, diagnostic methods and current treatment.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Direct microscopy study of coccidioidomycosis
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f11: Direct microscopy study of coccidioidomycosis

Mentions: Spherules may be identified by direct mycology examination of the specimen (withpotassium hydroxide and calcofluor) (Figure 11).The presence of septate hyphae, barrel-shaped arthroconidia, and double-walledrefractile spherules measuring 10-80 µm with endosporulation is characteristic.Some stains like hematoxylin and eosin, periodic acid-Schiff and Gromori-Grocott canenhance the sensitivity for identification.5 (Figure 12)


Coccidioidomycosis and the skin: a comprehensive review.

Garcia Garcia SC, Salas Alanis JC, Flores MG, Gonzalez Gonzalez SE, Vera Cabrera L, Ocampo Candiani J - An Bras Dermatol (2015)

Direct microscopy study of coccidioidomycosis
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4631225&req=5

f11: Direct microscopy study of coccidioidomycosis
Mentions: Spherules may be identified by direct mycology examination of the specimen (withpotassium hydroxide and calcofluor) (Figure 11).The presence of septate hyphae, barrel-shaped arthroconidia, and double-walledrefractile spherules measuring 10-80 µm with endosporulation is characteristic.Some stains like hematoxylin and eosin, periodic acid-Schiff and Gromori-Grocott canenhance the sensitivity for identification.5 (Figure 12)

Bottom Line: Coccidioides species live in arid and semi-arid regions, causing mainly pulmonary infection through inhalation of arthroconidia although many other organs can be affected.Primary inoculation is rare.Since the first case of coccidioidomycosis was reported in 1892, the skin has been identified as an important target of this disease.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hospital Universitario Dr. José Eleuterio González, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Mexico.

ABSTRACT
AbstractCoccidioidomycosis is a highly prevalent disease in the Western hemisphere. It is considered one of the most virulent primary fungal infections. Coccidioides species live in arid and semi-arid regions, causing mainly pulmonary infection through inhalation of arthroconidia although many other organs can be affected. Primary inoculation is rare. Since the first case of coccidioidomycosis was reported in 1892, the skin has been identified as an important target of this disease. Knowledge of cutaneous clinical forms of this infection is important and very useful for establishing prompt diagnosis and treatment. The purpose of this article is to provide a review of this infection, emphasizing its cutaneous manifestations, diagnostic methods and current treatment.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus