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Low carbon transportation in Thailand: CO2 mitigation strategy in 2050.

Chunark P, Thepkhun P, Promjiraprawat K, Winyuchakrit P, Limmeechokchai B - Springerplus (2015)

Bottom Line: Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions.Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries.Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand.

ABSTRACT
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country. This study proposes appropriate GHG countermeasures in Thai transport NAMAs, which are based on the implementation of transport demand management, modal shift, fuel switching, and advanced technologies in the timeframe between 2005 and 2050. Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions. Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries. Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Technological mix in passenger transport in the BAU and LCT scenarios
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Fig8: Technological mix in passenger transport in the BAU and LCT scenarios

Mentions: In the “Smart Passenger Transport” action, the number of conventional sedans will decrease drastically after 2030 due to technological substitution of hybrid and electric vehicles. This study focuses on land transport. Therefore, low carbon countermeasures in the air and water transports were not taken into consideration. The variety of energy uses are represented in terms of technological mix which are categorized by vehicle types, e.g., conventional vehicles, hybrid vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles, etc. The technological mix in Fig. 8 shows the domination of biofuels in the 2050BAU. Hybrid sedans, electric motorcycles, plug-in hybrids, and electric trains will share about 21.80, 12.70, 9.80, and 9.70 % in the 2050LCT scenario. By adoption of advanced technologies for passenger transport in the early period, shares of hybrid vehicles and electric trains will increase drastically and will play an important role in the low-carbon Thailand in the 2050LCT. In the fuel mix, electricity and ethanol will have the largest share in the 2050LCT (Fig. 9). Shares of conventional gasoline, diesel, LPG and CNG are reduced in the 2050LCT.Fig. 8


Low carbon transportation in Thailand: CO2 mitigation strategy in 2050.

Chunark P, Thepkhun P, Promjiraprawat K, Winyuchakrit P, Limmeechokchai B - Springerplus (2015)

Technological mix in passenger transport in the BAU and LCT scenarios
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4628032&req=5

Fig8: Technological mix in passenger transport in the BAU and LCT scenarios
Mentions: In the “Smart Passenger Transport” action, the number of conventional sedans will decrease drastically after 2030 due to technological substitution of hybrid and electric vehicles. This study focuses on land transport. Therefore, low carbon countermeasures in the air and water transports were not taken into consideration. The variety of energy uses are represented in terms of technological mix which are categorized by vehicle types, e.g., conventional vehicles, hybrid vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles, etc. The technological mix in Fig. 8 shows the domination of biofuels in the 2050BAU. Hybrid sedans, electric motorcycles, plug-in hybrids, and electric trains will share about 21.80, 12.70, 9.80, and 9.70 % in the 2050LCT scenario. By adoption of advanced technologies for passenger transport in the early period, shares of hybrid vehicles and electric trains will increase drastically and will play an important role in the low-carbon Thailand in the 2050LCT. In the fuel mix, electricity and ethanol will have the largest share in the 2050LCT (Fig. 9). Shares of conventional gasoline, diesel, LPG and CNG are reduced in the 2050LCT.Fig. 8

Bottom Line: Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions.Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries.Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand.

ABSTRACT
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country. This study proposes appropriate GHG countermeasures in Thai transport NAMAs, which are based on the implementation of transport demand management, modal shift, fuel switching, and advanced technologies in the timeframe between 2005 and 2050. Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions. Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries. Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus