Limits...
Low carbon transportation in Thailand: CO2 mitigation strategy in 2050.

Chunark P, Thepkhun P, Promjiraprawat K, Winyuchakrit P, Limmeechokchai B - Springerplus (2015)

Bottom Line: Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country.Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries.Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand.

ABSTRACT
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country. This study proposes appropriate GHG countermeasures in Thai transport NAMAs, which are based on the implementation of transport demand management, modal shift, fuel switching, and advanced technologies in the timeframe between 2005 and 2050. Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions. Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries. Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

No MeSH data available.


Passenger transport demand
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4628032&req=5

Fig5: Passenger transport demand

Mentions: In the passenger transport sector, implementation of TDM, modal shift, fuel switching, and advanced technologies has been proposed to reduce GHG emissions; this initiative is called the “Smart Passenger Transport” action. In 2050, sedans will have the largest share of passenger travel demand, followed by motorcycles and buses; however, due to the promotion of modal shift, the passenger travel demand for bicycles and walking increases by about 0.43 % in the 2050LCT scenario as shown in Fig. 5. The energy demand of passenger transport will be 45,383 ktoe in the 2050BAU, and reduced to 30,122 ktoe in the 2050LCT, an energy reduction of 33.63 % (see Fig. 6). In 2050LCT, all countermeasures for the “Smart Passenger Transport” action will help to reduce CO2 emissions by about 8203 kt-CO2, 16,521 kt-CO2, and 38,799 kt-CO2, accounting for 19.10, 26.89, and 38.21 % of CO2 reduction in 2020, 2030, and 2050, respectively (see Fig. 7).Fig. 5


Low carbon transportation in Thailand: CO2 mitigation strategy in 2050.

Chunark P, Thepkhun P, Promjiraprawat K, Winyuchakrit P, Limmeechokchai B - Springerplus (2015)

Passenger transport demand
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4628032&req=5

Fig5: Passenger transport demand
Mentions: In the passenger transport sector, implementation of TDM, modal shift, fuel switching, and advanced technologies has been proposed to reduce GHG emissions; this initiative is called the “Smart Passenger Transport” action. In 2050, sedans will have the largest share of passenger travel demand, followed by motorcycles and buses; however, due to the promotion of modal shift, the passenger travel demand for bicycles and walking increases by about 0.43 % in the 2050LCT scenario as shown in Fig. 5. The energy demand of passenger transport will be 45,383 ktoe in the 2050BAU, and reduced to 30,122 ktoe in the 2050LCT, an energy reduction of 33.63 % (see Fig. 6). In 2050LCT, all countermeasures for the “Smart Passenger Transport” action will help to reduce CO2 emissions by about 8203 kt-CO2, 16,521 kt-CO2, and 38,799 kt-CO2, accounting for 19.10, 26.89, and 38.21 % of CO2 reduction in 2020, 2030, and 2050, respectively (see Fig. 7).Fig. 5

Bottom Line: Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country.Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries.Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand.

ABSTRACT
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country. This study proposes appropriate GHG countermeasures in Thai transport NAMAs, which are based on the implementation of transport demand management, modal shift, fuel switching, and advanced technologies in the timeframe between 2005 and 2050. Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions. Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries. Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

No MeSH data available.