Limits...
Low carbon transportation in Thailand: CO2 mitigation strategy in 2050.

Chunark P, Thepkhun P, Promjiraprawat K, Winyuchakrit P, Limmeechokchai B - Springerplus (2015)

Bottom Line: Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions.Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries.Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand.

ABSTRACT
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country. This study proposes appropriate GHG countermeasures in Thai transport NAMAs, which are based on the implementation of transport demand management, modal shift, fuel switching, and advanced technologies in the timeframe between 2005 and 2050. Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions. Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries. Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Abatement cost curve of the road transport sector
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Fig19: Abatement cost curve of the road transport sector

Mentions: Most transport vehicles have lower initial investment cost than energy cost. Hence, a vehicle with fuel savings implies not only CO2 emission reduction but also cost saving as well as a negative MAC. As shown in Fig. 19, ethanol-blended products, especially E85, would be the most cost-effective mitigation option of fuel switching in the future passenger transport. The first generation biofuel (B5) would also be a competitive fuel. Hybrid-battery vehicles in the passenger transport offer various remarkable benefits in terms of cost savings and CO2 mitigation. They have mitigation potential of about 287.33 Mt-CO2 with low abatement cost of about −45.90 $/t-CO2, which shows the cost-effectiveness of this technology. Nevertheless, advanced technologies with electricity consumption such as plug-in hybrids and electric vehicles with high MACs would require high incentives in order to sustain expensive imported vehicles and rapid growth of electricity demand.Fig. 19


Low carbon transportation in Thailand: CO2 mitigation strategy in 2050.

Chunark P, Thepkhun P, Promjiraprawat K, Winyuchakrit P, Limmeechokchai B - Springerplus (2015)

Abatement cost curve of the road transport sector
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4628032&req=5

Fig19: Abatement cost curve of the road transport sector
Mentions: Most transport vehicles have lower initial investment cost than energy cost. Hence, a vehicle with fuel savings implies not only CO2 emission reduction but also cost saving as well as a negative MAC. As shown in Fig. 19, ethanol-blended products, especially E85, would be the most cost-effective mitigation option of fuel switching in the future passenger transport. The first generation biofuel (B5) would also be a competitive fuel. Hybrid-battery vehicles in the passenger transport offer various remarkable benefits in terms of cost savings and CO2 mitigation. They have mitigation potential of about 287.33 Mt-CO2 with low abatement cost of about −45.90 $/t-CO2, which shows the cost-effectiveness of this technology. Nevertheless, advanced technologies with electricity consumption such as plug-in hybrids and electric vehicles with high MACs would require high incentives in order to sustain expensive imported vehicles and rapid growth of electricity demand.Fig. 19

Bottom Line: Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions.Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries.Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand.

ABSTRACT
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country. This study proposes appropriate GHG countermeasures in Thai transport NAMAs, which are based on the implementation of transport demand management, modal shift, fuel switching, and advanced technologies in the timeframe between 2005 and 2050. Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions. Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries. Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus