Limits...
Low carbon transportation in Thailand: CO2 mitigation strategy in 2050.

Chunark P, Thepkhun P, Promjiraprawat K, Winyuchakrit P, Limmeechokchai B - Springerplus (2015)

Bottom Line: Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country.Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries.Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand.

ABSTRACT
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country. This study proposes appropriate GHG countermeasures in Thai transport NAMAs, which are based on the implementation of transport demand management, modal shift, fuel switching, and advanced technologies in the timeframe between 2005 and 2050. Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions. Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries. Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

No MeSH data available.


Energy security indicators
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Fig17: Energy security indicators

Mentions: The results of energy security of the BAU and LCT scenario are illustrated in Fig. 17. The diversification of energy demand, the ED indicators, given in Fig. 17a, it is almost constant in the BAU scenario for both passenger and freight transports. In the LCT scenario, results show that diversity of energy in the smart passenger plan is slightly decreased since gasoline octane 91 will be phased out and demand for biofuel and electricity will be significantly increased in order to mitigate emissions. On the contrary, the energy diversity of the effective freight action increases due to high speed diesel (HSD) demand, which is dominant in the BAU scenario, and replaced by other fuels such as biodiesel and ethanol.Fig. 17


Low carbon transportation in Thailand: CO2 mitigation strategy in 2050.

Chunark P, Thepkhun P, Promjiraprawat K, Winyuchakrit P, Limmeechokchai B - Springerplus (2015)

Energy security indicators
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4628032&req=5

Fig17: Energy security indicators
Mentions: The results of energy security of the BAU and LCT scenario are illustrated in Fig. 17. The diversification of energy demand, the ED indicators, given in Fig. 17a, it is almost constant in the BAU scenario for both passenger and freight transports. In the LCT scenario, results show that diversity of energy in the smart passenger plan is slightly decreased since gasoline octane 91 will be phased out and demand for biofuel and electricity will be significantly increased in order to mitigate emissions. On the contrary, the energy diversity of the effective freight action increases due to high speed diesel (HSD) demand, which is dominant in the BAU scenario, and replaced by other fuels such as biodiesel and ethanol.Fig. 17

Bottom Line: Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country.Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries.Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand.

ABSTRACT
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country. This study proposes appropriate GHG countermeasures in Thai transport NAMAs, which are based on the implementation of transport demand management, modal shift, fuel switching, and advanced technologies in the timeframe between 2005 and 2050. Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions. Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries. Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

No MeSH data available.