Limits...
Low carbon transportation in Thailand: CO2 mitigation strategy in 2050.

Chunark P, Thepkhun P, Promjiraprawat K, Winyuchakrit P, Limmeechokchai B - Springerplus (2015)

Bottom Line: Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions.Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries.Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand.

ABSTRACT
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country. This study proposes appropriate GHG countermeasures in Thai transport NAMAs, which are based on the implementation of transport demand management, modal shift, fuel switching, and advanced technologies in the timeframe between 2005 and 2050. Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions. Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries. Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Freight transport demand
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Fig11: Freight transport demand

Mentions: In the freight transport, the “Effective Freight Transport” action is to promote advanced technologies as well as alternative energy for freight transport. In this study, in the freight transport, waterway and air transports will not be taken into LCT analysis due to limitations of available information, even though the waterway is a major freight transportation channel (Fig. 11). Therefore, only countermeasures in the land transport are considered. In the 2050BAU, energy demand of freight transport will increase from 9762 ktoe in 2005 to 40,596 ktoe, or 4.2 times higher than in 2005. In the 2050LCT, all countermeasures of “Effective Freight Transport” action will help reducing energy demand by 1947 ktoe, and resulting in GHG mitigation of 987 kt-CO2 (2.26 %), 3502 kt-CO2 (5.83 %), and 12,652 kt-CO2 (13.2 %) (Figs. 12, 13).Fig. 11


Low carbon transportation in Thailand: CO2 mitigation strategy in 2050.

Chunark P, Thepkhun P, Promjiraprawat K, Winyuchakrit P, Limmeechokchai B - Springerplus (2015)

Freight transport demand
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4628032&req=5

Fig11: Freight transport demand
Mentions: In the freight transport, the “Effective Freight Transport” action is to promote advanced technologies as well as alternative energy for freight transport. In this study, in the freight transport, waterway and air transports will not be taken into LCT analysis due to limitations of available information, even though the waterway is a major freight transportation channel (Fig. 11). Therefore, only countermeasures in the land transport are considered. In the 2050BAU, energy demand of freight transport will increase from 9762 ktoe in 2005 to 40,596 ktoe, or 4.2 times higher than in 2005. In the 2050LCT, all countermeasures of “Effective Freight Transport” action will help reducing energy demand by 1947 ktoe, and resulting in GHG mitigation of 987 kt-CO2 (2.26 %), 3502 kt-CO2 (5.83 %), and 12,652 kt-CO2 (13.2 %) (Figs. 12, 13).Fig. 11

Bottom Line: Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions.Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries.Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand.

ABSTRACT
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country. This study proposes appropriate GHG countermeasures in Thai transport NAMAs, which are based on the implementation of transport demand management, modal shift, fuel switching, and advanced technologies in the timeframe between 2005 and 2050. Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions. Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries. Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus