Limits...
Low carbon transportation in Thailand: CO2 mitigation strategy in 2050.

Chunark P, Thepkhun P, Promjiraprawat K, Winyuchakrit P, Limmeechokchai B - Springerplus (2015)

Bottom Line: Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country.Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries.Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand.

ABSTRACT
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country. This study proposes appropriate GHG countermeasures in Thai transport NAMAs, which are based on the implementation of transport demand management, modal shift, fuel switching, and advanced technologies in the timeframe between 2005 and 2050. Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions. Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries. Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

No MeSH data available.


Plans of “Smart passenger transport” action
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4628032&req=5

Fig10: Plans of “Smart passenger transport” action

Mentions: In the “Smart Passenger Transport” action, GHG countermeasures of biofuels, fuel switching, and hybrid vehicles could be implemented in both short and medium-term periods. Some advanced technologies and countermeasures, such as electric vehicles and biodiesel B20, need to wait for commercial scale development until 2040 (see Fig. 10), while bio-diesel B5 and ethanol have been implemented since 2010. Widespread use of hybrid vehicles in Thailand will happen after 2020. Commercial use of plug-in hybrids will happen after 2030. However, if there is a climate policy to accelerate the commercial uses of such technologies and biofuels at the early stage, GHG reduction levels in 2050 will be higher.Fig. 10


Low carbon transportation in Thailand: CO2 mitigation strategy in 2050.

Chunark P, Thepkhun P, Promjiraprawat K, Winyuchakrit P, Limmeechokchai B - Springerplus (2015)

Plans of “Smart passenger transport” action
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4628032&req=5

Fig10: Plans of “Smart passenger transport” action
Mentions: In the “Smart Passenger Transport” action, GHG countermeasures of biofuels, fuel switching, and hybrid vehicles could be implemented in both short and medium-term periods. Some advanced technologies and countermeasures, such as electric vehicles and biodiesel B20, need to wait for commercial scale development until 2040 (see Fig. 10), while bio-diesel B5 and ethanol have been implemented since 2010. Widespread use of hybrid vehicles in Thailand will happen after 2020. Commercial use of plug-in hybrids will happen after 2030. However, if there is a climate policy to accelerate the commercial uses of such technologies and biofuels at the early stage, GHG reduction levels in 2050 will be higher.Fig. 10

Bottom Line: Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country.Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries.Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University, Pathumthani, Thailand.

ABSTRACT
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) involve the collaboration on reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in developing countries with suitable countermeasures relevant to the state of technological and economic conditions prevalent in the country. This study proposes appropriate GHG countermeasures in Thai transport NAMAs, which are based on the implementation of transport demand management, modal shift, fuel switching, and advanced technologies in the timeframe between 2005 and 2050. Furthermore, this study considers the impacts of CO2 mitigation through the proposed countermeasures on energy security and GHG emissions. Results of analyses on low carbon transportation are also useful to other developing countries. Finally, the concept of marginal abatement cost is employed to investigate cost-effective mitigation countermeasures.

No MeSH data available.