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Pilot Initiatives of Adult Hearing Screening in Italy

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ABSTRACT

A series of pilot initiatives of adult hearing screening programs were organized in eight large and small-size cities in Italy in the past two years. The screening initiatives were held in public places, supermarkets, drugstores, and in some universities of the third age, and involved an overall population of 2,278 screened subjects with age ranging from 13 to 93 years. Three different screening tests were used to assess hearing ability in the participants, i.e.: screening pure tone audiometry (PTA), an automated speech-in-noise screening test (the SUN-test), and a screening questionnaire of self-perceived hearing handicap (the HHIE-S). This paper describes the organization and management of these screening initiatives and reviews the main results obtained in the screened population, using the three different screening tests. Results obtained in these pilot initiatives showed that screening adults for hearing problems might be feasible, on a local level, in non clinical settings and can be performed quite easily with the support of local coordinators and partners, such as associations or local authorities. It is recognized that further initiatives and studies will have to be performed to better define the key aspects related to the organization and management of adult hearing screening programs, either at a local, regional, or national level.

No MeSH data available.


Distribution of SUN-test outcomes as a function of age in the screened population (N=4,439 ears).
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fig004: Distribution of SUN-test outcomes as a function of age in the screened population (N=4,439 ears).

Mentions: Figure 4 shows the distribution of the SUN test outcomes as a function of age in the screened population. As previously observed about PTA outcomes, the SUN-test outcomes worsened with increasing age, as well. The proportion of ears with no listening difficulties (score ≥9) decreased from about 68% in subjects younger than 50 years to nearly 17% in subjects aged 80 years or older. Vice versa, the proportion of ears that had a hearing check is recommended as test outcome (score ≥6) was nearly 10% in subjects younger than 65 years but increased to more than 50% in subjects older than 80 years. The proportion of ears that obtained a hearing check would be advisable as test outcome (score = 7 or 8) was almost the same through the different age groups (i.e., nearly 30% both in younger and in older subjects).


Pilot Initiatives of Adult Hearing Screening in Italy
Distribution of SUN-test outcomes as a function of age in the screened population (N=4,439 ears).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4627154&req=5

fig004: Distribution of SUN-test outcomes as a function of age in the screened population (N=4,439 ears).
Mentions: Figure 4 shows the distribution of the SUN test outcomes as a function of age in the screened population. As previously observed about PTA outcomes, the SUN-test outcomes worsened with increasing age, as well. The proportion of ears with no listening difficulties (score ≥9) decreased from about 68% in subjects younger than 50 years to nearly 17% in subjects aged 80 years or older. Vice versa, the proportion of ears that had a hearing check is recommended as test outcome (score ≥6) was nearly 10% in subjects younger than 65 years but increased to more than 50% in subjects older than 80 years. The proportion of ears that obtained a hearing check would be advisable as test outcome (score = 7 or 8) was almost the same through the different age groups (i.e., nearly 30% both in younger and in older subjects).

View Article: PubMed Central

ABSTRACT

A series of pilot initiatives of adult hearing screening programs were organized in eight large and small-size cities in Italy in the past two years. The screening initiatives were held in public places, supermarkets, drugstores, and in some universities of the third age, and involved an overall population of 2,278 screened subjects with age ranging from 13 to 93 years. Three different screening tests were used to assess hearing ability in the participants, i.e.: screening pure tone audiometry (PTA), an automated speech-in-noise screening test (the SUN-test), and a screening questionnaire of self-perceived hearing handicap (the HHIE-S). This paper describes the organization and management of these screening initiatives and reviews the main results obtained in the screened population, using the three different screening tests. Results obtained in these pilot initiatives showed that screening adults for hearing problems might be feasible, on a local level, in non clinical settings and can be performed quite easily with the support of local coordinators and partners, such as associations or local authorities. It is recognized that further initiatives and studies will have to be performed to better define the key aspects related to the organization and management of adult hearing screening programs, either at a local, regional, or national level.

No MeSH data available.