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Thermal Adaptation Methods of Urban Plaza Users in Asia's Hot-Humid Regions: A Taiwan Case Study.

Wu CF, Hsieh YF, Ou SJ - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

Bottom Line: Results showed that most users responded with behavioral adaptation when experiencing thermal discomfort.However, if the thermal discomfort could not be alleviated, they then adopted psychological strategies.In conclusion, the evaluation procedure for assessing thermal adaptation strategies and the questionnaire developed in this study can be applied to future research on thermal adaptation strategies adopted by urban plaza users in hot and humid regions of Asia.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Horticulture, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan. cfwu@dragon.nchu.edu.tw.

ABSTRACT
Thermal adaptation studies provide researchers great insight to help understand how people respond to thermal discomfort. This research aims to assess outdoor urban plaza conditions in hot and humid regions of Asia by conducting an evaluation of thermal adaptation. We also propose that questionnaire items are appropriate for determining thermal adaptation strategies adopted by urban plaza users. A literature review was conducted and first hand data collected by field observations and interviews used to collect information on thermal adaptation strategies. Item analysis--Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA)--were applied to refine the questionnaire items and determine the reliability of the questionnaire evaluation procedure. The reliability and validity of items and constructing process were also analyzed. Then, researchers facilitated an evaluation procedure for assessing the thermal adaptation strategies of urban plaza users in hot and humid regions of Asia and formulated a questionnaire survey that was distributed in Taichung's Municipal Plaza in Taiwan. Results showed that most users responded with behavioral adaptation when experiencing thermal discomfort. However, if the thermal discomfort could not be alleviated, they then adopted psychological strategies. In conclusion, the evaluation procedure for assessing thermal adaptation strategies and the questionnaire developed in this study can be applied to future research on thermal adaptation strategies adopted by urban plaza users in hot and humid regions of Asia.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution frequency of thermal adaption strategies adopted by users of Taichung’s Municipal Plaza.
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ijerph-12-13560-f003: Distribution frequency of thermal adaption strategies adopted by users of Taichung’s Municipal Plaza.

Mentions: Using Taichung’s Municipal Plaza for the empirical case study, the thermal adaptation strategy survey was administered, and a distribution frequency of adopted strategies was constructed (Figure 3) to show the thermal adaptations of urban plaza users in hot and humid Asia. Analysis results show that the park users in hot and humid Asia most frequently adopted behavioral adaptation strategies to increase their thermal comfort. Among these strategies, displace-oriented behaviors and material-aided behaviors were more frequently used. In the displace-oriented behaviors, inside-displace was most frequently used. Users resorted to psychological adaptation strategies only when behavioral strategies could not be adopted. Among the psychological thermal adaptation strategies, shift was most frequently used, among which distracting oneself with the ongoing activity was frequently used to help endure the thermal discomfort.


Thermal Adaptation Methods of Urban Plaza Users in Asia's Hot-Humid Regions: A Taiwan Case Study.

Wu CF, Hsieh YF, Ou SJ - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

Distribution frequency of thermal adaption strategies adopted by users of Taichung’s Municipal Plaza.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4627049&req=5

ijerph-12-13560-f003: Distribution frequency of thermal adaption strategies adopted by users of Taichung’s Municipal Plaza.
Mentions: Using Taichung’s Municipal Plaza for the empirical case study, the thermal adaptation strategy survey was administered, and a distribution frequency of adopted strategies was constructed (Figure 3) to show the thermal adaptations of urban plaza users in hot and humid Asia. Analysis results show that the park users in hot and humid Asia most frequently adopted behavioral adaptation strategies to increase their thermal comfort. Among these strategies, displace-oriented behaviors and material-aided behaviors were more frequently used. In the displace-oriented behaviors, inside-displace was most frequently used. Users resorted to psychological adaptation strategies only when behavioral strategies could not be adopted. Among the psychological thermal adaptation strategies, shift was most frequently used, among which distracting oneself with the ongoing activity was frequently used to help endure the thermal discomfort.

Bottom Line: Results showed that most users responded with behavioral adaptation when experiencing thermal discomfort.However, if the thermal discomfort could not be alleviated, they then adopted psychological strategies.In conclusion, the evaluation procedure for assessing thermal adaptation strategies and the questionnaire developed in this study can be applied to future research on thermal adaptation strategies adopted by urban plaza users in hot and humid regions of Asia.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Horticulture, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan. cfwu@dragon.nchu.edu.tw.

ABSTRACT
Thermal adaptation studies provide researchers great insight to help understand how people respond to thermal discomfort. This research aims to assess outdoor urban plaza conditions in hot and humid regions of Asia by conducting an evaluation of thermal adaptation. We also propose that questionnaire items are appropriate for determining thermal adaptation strategies adopted by urban plaza users. A literature review was conducted and first hand data collected by field observations and interviews used to collect information on thermal adaptation strategies. Item analysis--Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA)--were applied to refine the questionnaire items and determine the reliability of the questionnaire evaluation procedure. The reliability and validity of items and constructing process were also analyzed. Then, researchers facilitated an evaluation procedure for assessing the thermal adaptation strategies of urban plaza users in hot and humid regions of Asia and formulated a questionnaire survey that was distributed in Taichung's Municipal Plaza in Taiwan. Results showed that most users responded with behavioral adaptation when experiencing thermal discomfort. However, if the thermal discomfort could not be alleviated, they then adopted psychological strategies. In conclusion, the evaluation procedure for assessing thermal adaptation strategies and the questionnaire developed in this study can be applied to future research on thermal adaptation strategies adopted by urban plaza users in hot and humid regions of Asia.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus