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Perceived and Objective Measures of Neighborhood Walkability and Physical Activity among Adults in Japan: A Multilevel Analysis of a Nationally Representative Sample.

Hanibuchi T, Nakaya T, Yonejima M, Honjo K - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

Bottom Line: We found that perceived walkability was positively associated with the frequency of LTPA (odds ratio of the highest quartile was 1.53 (1.14-2.05) compared with the lowest quartile); however, objective walkability showed no association.When stratified by gender, an association between perceived walkability and LTPA was observed among women, but only a marginally significant association was present between objective walkability and LTPA among men.We conclude that the association between neighborhood walkability and LTPA can be partially generalized across Japan.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of International Liberal Studies, Chukyo University, 101 Tokodachi, Kaizu-Cho, Toyota, Aichi 470-0393, Japan. info@hanibuchi.com.

ABSTRACT
Although associations between a person's neighborhood and their health have been studied internationally, most studies have been limited to a few cities or towns. Therefore, we used a nationally representative sample to explore whether perceived and objective neighborhood walkability was associated with the physical activity of residents. Data were analyzed from the Japanese General Social Surveys of 2010 (n = 2395; 1114 men and 1281 women). Perceived walkability was scored using factor analysis for the respondents' perceptions of neighborhood conditions, while objective walkability was measured using the geographic information system approach. Finally, multilevel logistic regression analysis was performed to examine whether neighborhood walkability was associated with the frequency of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) among respondents. We found that perceived walkability was positively associated with the frequency of LTPA (odds ratio of the highest quartile was 1.53 (1.14-2.05) compared with the lowest quartile); however, objective walkability showed no association. When stratified by gender, an association between perceived walkability and LTPA was observed among women, but only a marginally significant association was present between objective walkability and LTPA among men. We conclude that the association between neighborhood walkability and LTPA can be partially generalized across Japan.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Geographical distribution of objectively measured neighborhood walkability.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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ijerph-12-13350-f001: Geographical distribution of objectively measured neighborhood walkability.

Mentions: Figure 1 shows the geographical distribution of the objective walkability index. As might be expected from the index components, the map indicates that there are clear urban-rural differences; in Japan, the urban areas were more walkable than the rural areas. It should also be noted that the gap in the walkability index was larger between urban and rural areas than between city centers and suburbs within urban areas.


Perceived and Objective Measures of Neighborhood Walkability and Physical Activity among Adults in Japan: A Multilevel Analysis of a Nationally Representative Sample.

Hanibuchi T, Nakaya T, Yonejima M, Honjo K - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

Geographical distribution of objectively measured neighborhood walkability.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4627034&req=5

ijerph-12-13350-f001: Geographical distribution of objectively measured neighborhood walkability.
Mentions: Figure 1 shows the geographical distribution of the objective walkability index. As might be expected from the index components, the map indicates that there are clear urban-rural differences; in Japan, the urban areas were more walkable than the rural areas. It should also be noted that the gap in the walkability index was larger between urban and rural areas than between city centers and suburbs within urban areas.

Bottom Line: We found that perceived walkability was positively associated with the frequency of LTPA (odds ratio of the highest quartile was 1.53 (1.14-2.05) compared with the lowest quartile); however, objective walkability showed no association.When stratified by gender, an association between perceived walkability and LTPA was observed among women, but only a marginally significant association was present between objective walkability and LTPA among men.We conclude that the association between neighborhood walkability and LTPA can be partially generalized across Japan.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of International Liberal Studies, Chukyo University, 101 Tokodachi, Kaizu-Cho, Toyota, Aichi 470-0393, Japan. info@hanibuchi.com.

ABSTRACT
Although associations between a person's neighborhood and their health have been studied internationally, most studies have been limited to a few cities or towns. Therefore, we used a nationally representative sample to explore whether perceived and objective neighborhood walkability was associated with the physical activity of residents. Data were analyzed from the Japanese General Social Surveys of 2010 (n = 2395; 1114 men and 1281 women). Perceived walkability was scored using factor analysis for the respondents' perceptions of neighborhood conditions, while objective walkability was measured using the geographic information system approach. Finally, multilevel logistic regression analysis was performed to examine whether neighborhood walkability was associated with the frequency of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) among respondents. We found that perceived walkability was positively associated with the frequency of LTPA (odds ratio of the highest quartile was 1.53 (1.14-2.05) compared with the lowest quartile); however, objective walkability showed no association. When stratified by gender, an association between perceived walkability and LTPA was observed among women, but only a marginally significant association was present between objective walkability and LTPA among men. We conclude that the association between neighborhood walkability and LTPA can be partially generalized across Japan.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus