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Trace Elements Speciation of Submicron Particulate Matter (PM1) Collected in the Surroundings of Power Plants.

Zajusz-Zubek E, Kaczmarek K, Mainka A - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

Bottom Line: The present study offers important results in order to fill this data gap.They are also crucial for comparisons with datasets from similar areas all over the world.This is important in the context of air pollution being hazardous to human health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Air Protection, Silesian University of Technology, 22B Konarskiego St., Gliwice 44-100, Poland. Elwira.Zajusz-Zubek@polsl.pl.

ABSTRACT
This study reports the concentrations of PM1 trace elements (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sb and Se) content in highly mobile (F1), mobile (F2), less mobile (F3) and not mobile (F4) fractions in samples that were collected in the surroundings of power plants in southern Poland. It also reports source identification by enrichment factors (EF) and a principal component analysis (PCA). There is limited availability of scientific data concerning the chemical composition of dust, including fractionation analyses of trace elements, in the surroundings of power plants. The present study offers important results in order to fill this data gap. The data collected in this study can be utilized to validate air quality models in this rapidly developing area. They are also crucial for comparisons with datasets from similar areas all over the world. Moreover, the identification of the bioavailability of selected carcinogenic and toxic elements in the future might be used as output data for potential biological and population research on risk assessment. This is important in the context of air pollution being hazardous to human health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Localization of sampling sites in Southern Poland (Map data: ©2015 Google, ORION-ME).
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ijerph-12-13085-f001: Localization of sampling sites in Southern Poland (Map data: ©2015 Google, ORION-ME).

Mentions: The sampling points were located in southern Poland. Three of them (P1, P3, P4) are situated in the industrial macro-region of Upper Silesia, while P2 is situated approx. 70 km to the west from the macro-region. Figure 1 shows the study area and the sampling locations in the surroundings of the selected four power plants. The first point, labelled P1 in Golejów (50°08ʹ37.87ʹʹ N; 18°32ʹ15.76ʹʹ E), is situated in a peri-urban area of Rybnik in the surroundings of a power plant with an installed capacity of 1775 MW. Location P1 is inhabited by 2300 residents. The second point, labelled P2 (50°45ʹ35.41ʹʹ N; 17°56ʹ20.43ʹʹ E), is located at the rural site of Świerkle village in the surroundings of a power plant with a 1492 MW capacity. Świerkle is in the administrative district of Gmina Dobrzeń Wielki, within Opole County, Opole Voivodship. It is a village with 520 inhabitants. Point three, labelled P3 (50°12ʹ33.46ʹʹ N; 19°28ʹ28.77ʹʹ E), is situated in a rural site of Czyżówka village in the surroundings of a power plant with a capacity of 786 MW. Czyżówka is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Trzebinia, within Chrzanów County, Lesser Poland Voivodship. The village has a population of 702 inhabitants. Point four, labelled P4 (50°13ʹ48.90ʹʹ N; 19°13ʹ24.45ʹʹ E), is situated in the suburb of Jaworzno city near a power plant with an installed capacity of 1345 MW. Jaworzno is a city near Katowice with a population of 95,500 citizens.


Trace Elements Speciation of Submicron Particulate Matter (PM1) Collected in the Surroundings of Power Plants.

Zajusz-Zubek E, Kaczmarek K, Mainka A - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

Localization of sampling sites in Southern Poland (Map data: ©2015 Google, ORION-ME).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4627018&req=5

ijerph-12-13085-f001: Localization of sampling sites in Southern Poland (Map data: ©2015 Google, ORION-ME).
Mentions: The sampling points were located in southern Poland. Three of them (P1, P3, P4) are situated in the industrial macro-region of Upper Silesia, while P2 is situated approx. 70 km to the west from the macro-region. Figure 1 shows the study area and the sampling locations in the surroundings of the selected four power plants. The first point, labelled P1 in Golejów (50°08ʹ37.87ʹʹ N; 18°32ʹ15.76ʹʹ E), is situated in a peri-urban area of Rybnik in the surroundings of a power plant with an installed capacity of 1775 MW. Location P1 is inhabited by 2300 residents. The second point, labelled P2 (50°45ʹ35.41ʹʹ N; 17°56ʹ20.43ʹʹ E), is located at the rural site of Świerkle village in the surroundings of a power plant with a 1492 MW capacity. Świerkle is in the administrative district of Gmina Dobrzeń Wielki, within Opole County, Opole Voivodship. It is a village with 520 inhabitants. Point three, labelled P3 (50°12ʹ33.46ʹʹ N; 19°28ʹ28.77ʹʹ E), is situated in a rural site of Czyżówka village in the surroundings of a power plant with a capacity of 786 MW. Czyżówka is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Trzebinia, within Chrzanów County, Lesser Poland Voivodship. The village has a population of 702 inhabitants. Point four, labelled P4 (50°13ʹ48.90ʹʹ N; 19°13ʹ24.45ʹʹ E), is situated in the suburb of Jaworzno city near a power plant with an installed capacity of 1345 MW. Jaworzno is a city near Katowice with a population of 95,500 citizens.

Bottom Line: The present study offers important results in order to fill this data gap.They are also crucial for comparisons with datasets from similar areas all over the world.This is important in the context of air pollution being hazardous to human health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Air Protection, Silesian University of Technology, 22B Konarskiego St., Gliwice 44-100, Poland. Elwira.Zajusz-Zubek@polsl.pl.

ABSTRACT
This study reports the concentrations of PM1 trace elements (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sb and Se) content in highly mobile (F1), mobile (F2), less mobile (F3) and not mobile (F4) fractions in samples that were collected in the surroundings of power plants in southern Poland. It also reports source identification by enrichment factors (EF) and a principal component analysis (PCA). There is limited availability of scientific data concerning the chemical composition of dust, including fractionation analyses of trace elements, in the surroundings of power plants. The present study offers important results in order to fill this data gap. The data collected in this study can be utilized to validate air quality models in this rapidly developing area. They are also crucial for comparisons with datasets from similar areas all over the world. Moreover, the identification of the bioavailability of selected carcinogenic and toxic elements in the future might be used as output data for potential biological and population research on risk assessment. This is important in the context of air pollution being hazardous to human health.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus