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Prevalence of Diabetes and Associated Factors in the Uyghur and Han Population in Xinjiang, China.

Gong H, Pa L, Wang K, Mu H, Dong F, Ya S, Xu G, Tao N, Pan L, Wang B, Shan G - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

Bottom Line: In rural areas, the age- and gender-standardized prevalence of diabetes was 6.08%, and it did not differ significantly between the Uyghur population (5.71%) and the Han population (6.59%).The results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that older age, obesity, high triglycerides (TG), and hypertension were all associated with an increased risk of diabetes in the Uyghur and Han population.Our study indicates that diabetes is more prevalent in the Uyghur population compared with the Han population in urban areas.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, School of Basic Medicine, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100005, China. gonghaiying2802862@163.com.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of diabetes and identify risk factors in the Uyghur and Han population in Xinjiang, China.

Methods: A cross-sectional study in urban and rural areas in Xinjiang, including 2863 members of the Uyghur population and 3060 of the Han population aged 20 to 80 years, was conducted from June 2013 to August 2013. Data on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and personal history of diabetes were used to estimate the prevalence of diabetes. Data on demographic characteristics, lifestyle risk factors, and lipid profiles were collected to identify risks factors using the multivariate logistic regression model.

Results: In urban areas, the age- and gender-standardized prevalence of diabetes was 8.21%, and the age- and gender-standardized prevalence of diabetes was higher in the Uyghur population (10.47%) than in the Han population (7.36%). In rural areas, the age- and gender-standardized prevalence of diabetes was 6.08%, and it did not differ significantly between the Uyghur population (5.71%) and the Han population (6.59%). The results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that older age, obesity, high triglycerides (TG), and hypertension were all associated with an increased risk of diabetes in the Uyghur and Han population. Urban residence and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were associated with an increased risk of diabetes in the Uyghur population. Being an ex-drinker was associated with an increased risk of diabetes and heavy physical activity was associated with a decreased risk of diabetes in the Han population.

Conclusions: Our study indicates that diabetes is more prevalent in the Uyghur population compared with the Han population in urban areas. Strategies aimed at the prevention of diabetes require ethnic targeting.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Multivariate logistic regression analysis of risk factors of diabetes in Uyghur and Han populations.
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ijerph-12-12792-f002: Multivariate logistic regression analysis of risk factors of diabetes in Uyghur and Han populations.

Mentions: Figure 2 shows multivariate logistic regression analysis of risk factors of diabetes in the Uyghur and Han populations. In the Uyghur population, multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that urban residence, older age, overweight, obesity, high TG, low HDL-C, and hypertension were all associated with an increased risk of diabetes (p < 0.05). In the Han population, multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that older age, obesity, high TG, ex-drinkers, and hypertension were all associated with an increased risk of diabetes (p < 0.05), and heavy physical activity was associated with a decreased risk of diabetes (p < 0.05). No association of diabetes was observed with regard to smoking status in the Uyghur and Han populations (p > 0.05).


Prevalence of Diabetes and Associated Factors in the Uyghur and Han Population in Xinjiang, China.

Gong H, Pa L, Wang K, Mu H, Dong F, Ya S, Xu G, Tao N, Pan L, Wang B, Shan G - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

Multivariate logistic regression analysis of risk factors of diabetes in Uyghur and Han populations.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4627000&req=5

ijerph-12-12792-f002: Multivariate logistic regression analysis of risk factors of diabetes in Uyghur and Han populations.
Mentions: Figure 2 shows multivariate logistic regression analysis of risk factors of diabetes in the Uyghur and Han populations. In the Uyghur population, multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that urban residence, older age, overweight, obesity, high TG, low HDL-C, and hypertension were all associated with an increased risk of diabetes (p < 0.05). In the Han population, multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that older age, obesity, high TG, ex-drinkers, and hypertension were all associated with an increased risk of diabetes (p < 0.05), and heavy physical activity was associated with a decreased risk of diabetes (p < 0.05). No association of diabetes was observed with regard to smoking status in the Uyghur and Han populations (p > 0.05).

Bottom Line: In rural areas, the age- and gender-standardized prevalence of diabetes was 6.08%, and it did not differ significantly between the Uyghur population (5.71%) and the Han population (6.59%).The results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that older age, obesity, high triglycerides (TG), and hypertension were all associated with an increased risk of diabetes in the Uyghur and Han population.Our study indicates that diabetes is more prevalent in the Uyghur population compared with the Han population in urban areas.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, School of Basic Medicine, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100005, China. gonghaiying2802862@163.com.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of diabetes and identify risk factors in the Uyghur and Han population in Xinjiang, China.

Methods: A cross-sectional study in urban and rural areas in Xinjiang, including 2863 members of the Uyghur population and 3060 of the Han population aged 20 to 80 years, was conducted from June 2013 to August 2013. Data on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and personal history of diabetes were used to estimate the prevalence of diabetes. Data on demographic characteristics, lifestyle risk factors, and lipid profiles were collected to identify risks factors using the multivariate logistic regression model.

Results: In urban areas, the age- and gender-standardized prevalence of diabetes was 8.21%, and the age- and gender-standardized prevalence of diabetes was higher in the Uyghur population (10.47%) than in the Han population (7.36%). In rural areas, the age- and gender-standardized prevalence of diabetes was 6.08%, and it did not differ significantly between the Uyghur population (5.71%) and the Han population (6.59%). The results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that older age, obesity, high triglycerides (TG), and hypertension were all associated with an increased risk of diabetes in the Uyghur and Han population. Urban residence and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were associated with an increased risk of diabetes in the Uyghur population. Being an ex-drinker was associated with an increased risk of diabetes and heavy physical activity was associated with a decreased risk of diabetes in the Han population.

Conclusions: Our study indicates that diabetes is more prevalent in the Uyghur population compared with the Han population in urban areas. Strategies aimed at the prevention of diabetes require ethnic targeting.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus