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Understanding the Social Context of the ASGM Sector in Ghana: A Qualitative Description of the Demographic, Health, and Nutritional Characteristics of a Small-Scale Gold Mining Community in Ghana.

Long RN, Renne EP, Basu N - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

Bottom Line: In the study community, some indicators of household wealth (e.g., radios, mobile phones, refrigerators) are more common than elsewhere in Ghana, yet basic infrastructure (e.g., cement flooring, sanitation systems) and access to safe water supplies are lacking.Residents surveyed do not appear to lack key micronutrients, but report lower fruit and vegetable consumption than other rural areas.The results enable a better understanding of community demographics, health, and nutrition, and underscore the need for better demographic and health surveillance and data collection across ASGM communities to inform effective policies and programs for improving miner and community health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. rachlong@umich.edu.

ABSTRACT
This descriptive paper describes factors related to demographics and health in an artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) community in Ghana's Upper East Region. Participants (n = 114) were surveyed in 2010 and 2011, adapting questions from the established national Demographic Health Survey (DHS) on factors such as population characteristics, infrastructure, amenities, education, employment, maternal and child health, and diet. In the study community, some indicators of household wealth (e.g., radios, mobile phones, refrigerators) are more common than elsewhere in Ghana, yet basic infrastructure (e.g., cement flooring, sanitation systems) and access to safe water supplies are lacking. Risk factors for poor respiratory health, such as cooking with biomass fuel smoke and smoking tobacco, are common. Certain metrics of maternal and child health are comparable to other areas of Ghana (e.g., frequency of antenatal care), whereas others (e.g., antenatal care from a skilled provider) show deficiencies. Residents surveyed do not appear to lack key micronutrients, but report lower fruit and vegetable consumption than other rural areas. The results enable a better understanding of community demographics, health, and nutrition, and underscore the need for better demographic and health surveillance and data collection across ASGM communities to inform effective policies and programs for improving miner and community health.

No MeSH data available.


Chart of percent distribution of household amenities in Kejetia according to our 2011 demographic survey, and in urban Ghana and rural Ghana, according to the 2008 Ghana DHS.
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ijerph-12-12679-f002: Chart of percent distribution of household amenities in Kejetia according to our 2011 demographic survey, and in urban Ghana and rural Ghana, according to the 2008 Ghana DHS.

Mentions: Radios and televisions are not only an indicator of household wealth, but also an important means of communicating public health and other information. Functioning radios are as prevalent in Kejetia (77.8%) as in urban Ghana (77.8%) and more prevalent than in rural Ghana (68.6%) (Figure 2). Functioning televisions, however, are less common in Kejetia (14.8%) than in urban Ghana (67.1%), but their prevalence is comparable to that in other Ghanaian rural households (20.7%).


Understanding the Social Context of the ASGM Sector in Ghana: A Qualitative Description of the Demographic, Health, and Nutritional Characteristics of a Small-Scale Gold Mining Community in Ghana.

Long RN, Renne EP, Basu N - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

Chart of percent distribution of household amenities in Kejetia according to our 2011 demographic survey, and in urban Ghana and rural Ghana, according to the 2008 Ghana DHS.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4626993&req=5

ijerph-12-12679-f002: Chart of percent distribution of household amenities in Kejetia according to our 2011 demographic survey, and in urban Ghana and rural Ghana, according to the 2008 Ghana DHS.
Mentions: Radios and televisions are not only an indicator of household wealth, but also an important means of communicating public health and other information. Functioning radios are as prevalent in Kejetia (77.8%) as in urban Ghana (77.8%) and more prevalent than in rural Ghana (68.6%) (Figure 2). Functioning televisions, however, are less common in Kejetia (14.8%) than in urban Ghana (67.1%), but their prevalence is comparable to that in other Ghanaian rural households (20.7%).

Bottom Line: In the study community, some indicators of household wealth (e.g., radios, mobile phones, refrigerators) are more common than elsewhere in Ghana, yet basic infrastructure (e.g., cement flooring, sanitation systems) and access to safe water supplies are lacking.Residents surveyed do not appear to lack key micronutrients, but report lower fruit and vegetable consumption than other rural areas.The results enable a better understanding of community demographics, health, and nutrition, and underscore the need for better demographic and health surveillance and data collection across ASGM communities to inform effective policies and programs for improving miner and community health.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. rachlong@umich.edu.

ABSTRACT
This descriptive paper describes factors related to demographics and health in an artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) community in Ghana's Upper East Region. Participants (n = 114) were surveyed in 2010 and 2011, adapting questions from the established national Demographic Health Survey (DHS) on factors such as population characteristics, infrastructure, amenities, education, employment, maternal and child health, and diet. In the study community, some indicators of household wealth (e.g., radios, mobile phones, refrigerators) are more common than elsewhere in Ghana, yet basic infrastructure (e.g., cement flooring, sanitation systems) and access to safe water supplies are lacking. Risk factors for poor respiratory health, such as cooking with biomass fuel smoke and smoking tobacco, are common. Certain metrics of maternal and child health are comparable to other areas of Ghana (e.g., frequency of antenatal care), whereas others (e.g., antenatal care from a skilled provider) show deficiencies. Residents surveyed do not appear to lack key micronutrients, but report lower fruit and vegetable consumption than other rural areas. The results enable a better understanding of community demographics, health, and nutrition, and underscore the need for better demographic and health surveillance and data collection across ASGM communities to inform effective policies and programs for improving miner and community health.

No MeSH data available.