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Isochrones as Indicators of the Influence of Traffic in Public Health: A Visual Simulation Application in Ávila, Spain.

Otamendi FJ, García-Heredia D - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

Bottom Line: Indicators of health risk for local towns are also defined.The indicators are calculated using a simulation model and visualized in web format.The framework of analysis is validated using Ávila (Spain) and the problem of the optimal deployment of ambulances as a test-bench.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Paseo Artilleros s/n, 28032 Madrid, Spain. franciscojavier.otamendi@urjc.es.

ABSTRACT
It is well known that excessive rescue times after traffic accidents negatively affect the health of those injured. There is a need to quantitatively measure the impact of unexpected events like ambulance availability, weather, floating population and congestion in those rescue times. A family of indicators based on isochrones is disguised and proposed to understand the risk of the whole population as the probability of not being assisted on time. Indicators of health risk for local towns are also defined. The indicators are calculated using a simulation model and visualized in web format. The framework of analysis is validated using Ávila (Spain) and the problem of the optimal deployment of ambulances as a test-bench.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Isochrones over the capital city of Ávila.
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ijerph-12-12556-f003: Isochrones over the capital city of Ávila.

Mentions: The isochrones are the time lines that connect points that are equidistant from a given location. The distance is measured in terms of travel times, not physical distances. If several time thresholds are used, the corresponding graphical display over a map gives an idea of the possibilities of reaching the locations (roads or towns) in time. Figure 3 represents the map of the roads closest to the city of Ávila, where the experimental validation of the indicators is taking place. The isochrones are depicted in increments of 5 minutes. The color coding gives an idea of longer distances. The red color for example represents the area outside 50 minutes.


Isochrones as Indicators of the Influence of Traffic in Public Health: A Visual Simulation Application in Ávila, Spain.

Otamendi FJ, García-Heredia D - Int J Environ Res Public Health (2015)

Isochrones over the capital city of Ávila.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4626986&req=5

ijerph-12-12556-f003: Isochrones over the capital city of Ávila.
Mentions: The isochrones are the time lines that connect points that are equidistant from a given location. The distance is measured in terms of travel times, not physical distances. If several time thresholds are used, the corresponding graphical display over a map gives an idea of the possibilities of reaching the locations (roads or towns) in time. Figure 3 represents the map of the roads closest to the city of Ávila, where the experimental validation of the indicators is taking place. The isochrones are depicted in increments of 5 minutes. The color coding gives an idea of longer distances. The red color for example represents the area outside 50 minutes.

Bottom Line: Indicators of health risk for local towns are also defined.The indicators are calculated using a simulation model and visualized in web format.The framework of analysis is validated using Ávila (Spain) and the problem of the optimal deployment of ambulances as a test-bench.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Paseo Artilleros s/n, 28032 Madrid, Spain. franciscojavier.otamendi@urjc.es.

ABSTRACT
It is well known that excessive rescue times after traffic accidents negatively affect the health of those injured. There is a need to quantitatively measure the impact of unexpected events like ambulance availability, weather, floating population and congestion in those rescue times. A family of indicators based on isochrones is disguised and proposed to understand the risk of the whole population as the probability of not being assisted on time. Indicators of health risk for local towns are also defined. The indicators are calculated using a simulation model and visualized in web format. The framework of analysis is validated using Ávila (Spain) and the problem of the optimal deployment of ambulances as a test-bench.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus