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A Spatiotemporal Analysis of Brazilian Science from the Perspective of Researchers' Career Trajectories.

Furtado CA, Davis CA, Gonçalves MA, de Almeida JM - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: We then analyze such trajectories considering additional data, including the area of knowledge of the INCTs to which each researcher is associated.We found an increasing prevalence of Brazilian institutions in the education of Brazilian scientists, as the number of doctorates earned abroad is decreasing over time.Results also show that Brazilian researchers tend to seek employment in regions that are close to the institutions at which they received their bachelor's degrees, suggesting low mobility within the country.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Computer Science Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
The growth of Brazilian scientific production in recent years is remarkable, which motivates an investigation on the factors, inside and outside the country, that helped shape this wealthy research environment. This article provides a thorough analysis of the education of researchers that constitute the main Brazilian research groups, using data on about 6,000 researchers involved in the country's National Institutes of Science and Technology (INCT) initiative. Data on the steps taken by each researcher in her education, from the bachelor's degree to doctorate, including a possible postdoctoral experience, and employment, are extracted from an official curriculum vitae repository. The location and the time at which each career step occurred define spatiotemporal career trajectories. We then analyze such trajectories considering additional data, including the area of knowledge of the INCTs to which each researcher is associated. We found an increasing prevalence of Brazilian institutions in the education of Brazilian scientists, as the number of doctorates earned abroad is decreasing over time. Postdoctoral stages, on the other hand, often take place in Europe or in the United States. Taking an international postdoctoral position after a full education in Brazil suggests a drive towards seeking higher-level exchange and cooperation with foreign groups in a more advanced career stage. Results also show that Brazilian researchers tend to seek employment in regions that are close to the institutions at which they received their bachelor's degrees, suggesting low mobility within the country. This study can be instrumental in defining public policies for correcting distortions, and can help other developing countries that aim to improve their national science systems.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

PhD degrees per decade–International distribution
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pone.0141528.g010: PhD degrees per decade–International distribution

Mentions: In total, there are 1,225 researchers with PhD degrees obtained abroad. As shown in Fig 10, North America (mostly the USA) has a large participation, but European PhDs have become prevalent since the 1980s. It is interesting to note the small number of researchers who studied in other Latin American countries. One could expect that Brazilians would study in countries where they share similar languages or are geographically close, but this is not the case. Not even Portugal accounts for a large share of the degrees, as only 6 of the 1,225 researchers graduated in that country. A similar fact was also observed in Portugal, where only 4% of the research contracts in the country are awarded by people natural from Portuguese-speaking countries [19].


A Spatiotemporal Analysis of Brazilian Science from the Perspective of Researchers' Career Trajectories.

Furtado CA, Davis CA, Gonçalves MA, de Almeida JM - PLoS ONE (2015)

PhD degrees per decade–International distribution
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4626096&req=5

pone.0141528.g010: PhD degrees per decade–International distribution
Mentions: In total, there are 1,225 researchers with PhD degrees obtained abroad. As shown in Fig 10, North America (mostly the USA) has a large participation, but European PhDs have become prevalent since the 1980s. It is interesting to note the small number of researchers who studied in other Latin American countries. One could expect that Brazilians would study in countries where they share similar languages or are geographically close, but this is not the case. Not even Portugal accounts for a large share of the degrees, as only 6 of the 1,225 researchers graduated in that country. A similar fact was also observed in Portugal, where only 4% of the research contracts in the country are awarded by people natural from Portuguese-speaking countries [19].

Bottom Line: We then analyze such trajectories considering additional data, including the area of knowledge of the INCTs to which each researcher is associated.We found an increasing prevalence of Brazilian institutions in the education of Brazilian scientists, as the number of doctorates earned abroad is decreasing over time.Results also show that Brazilian researchers tend to seek employment in regions that are close to the institutions at which they received their bachelor's degrees, suggesting low mobility within the country.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Computer Science Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
The growth of Brazilian scientific production in recent years is remarkable, which motivates an investigation on the factors, inside and outside the country, that helped shape this wealthy research environment. This article provides a thorough analysis of the education of researchers that constitute the main Brazilian research groups, using data on about 6,000 researchers involved in the country's National Institutes of Science and Technology (INCT) initiative. Data on the steps taken by each researcher in her education, from the bachelor's degree to doctorate, including a possible postdoctoral experience, and employment, are extracted from an official curriculum vitae repository. The location and the time at which each career step occurred define spatiotemporal career trajectories. We then analyze such trajectories considering additional data, including the area of knowledge of the INCTs to which each researcher is associated. We found an increasing prevalence of Brazilian institutions in the education of Brazilian scientists, as the number of doctorates earned abroad is decreasing over time. Postdoctoral stages, on the other hand, often take place in Europe or in the United States. Taking an international postdoctoral position after a full education in Brazil suggests a drive towards seeking higher-level exchange and cooperation with foreign groups in a more advanced career stage. Results also show that Brazilian researchers tend to seek employment in regions that are close to the institutions at which they received their bachelor's degrees, suggesting low mobility within the country. This study can be instrumental in defining public policies for correcting distortions, and can help other developing countries that aim to improve their national science systems.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus