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Dimethylsulfoxide excerbates cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity in Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells.

Osman AM, Alqahtani AA, Damanhouri ZA, Al-Harthy SE, ElShal MF, Ramadan WS, Kamel F, Osman MA, Khan LM - Cancer Cell Int. (2015)

Bottom Line: The aim of this work was to minimize cisplatin effective dose and the possible reduction of its severe side effects.DMSO pretreatment retained rat's serum urea and creatinine levels to normal compared to animals treated with cisplatin alone.DMSO pretreatment enhanced the cytotoxic activity of cisplatin against the growth of EAC in vivo and showed protective effects against cisplatin-induce nephrotoxicity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia ; Pharmacology Unit, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

ABSTRACT

Background: Cisplatin (CIS) is a potent antineoplastic agent with high therapeutic efficacy against many kinds of tumors. Its use is limited by its nephrotoxicity. The aim of this work was to minimize cisplatin effective dose and the possible reduction of its severe side effects. The present study was designed to assess the role of sulfur containing agent dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) on sensitization of mammary carcinoma, Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC), to the action of cisplatin and at the same time the possible protective effect against cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity in experimental animals.

Methods: To evaluate these effects we have explored the cisplatin effect on the survival time of tumor-bearing animals, tumor weight, cisplatin cellular uptake, apoptosis induction and cell cycle distribution and renal function in presence and absence of DMSO.

Results: Cisplatin at dose of 4.5 mg/kg increased the mean survival time of tumor bearing mice to 37 days compared with tumor bearing control mice. Pretreatment of tumor bearing mice with DMSO 50 % (2 ml/kg equal to 1 gm/kg) 2 h. before cisplatin showed a significant increase in their mean survival time 43 days compared to cisplatin treated animals. DMSO pretreatment retained rat's serum urea and creatinine levels to normal compared to animals treated with cisplatin alone.

Conclusion: DMSO pretreatment enhanced the cytotoxic activity of cisplatin against the growth of EAC in vivo and showed protective effects against cisplatin-induce nephrotoxicity.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

A photomicrograph of a section of rat kidney from control group treated with normal saline (2 ml/kg, i.p.) showing proximal convoluted tubules (black arrows) having cuboidal cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm and round nuclei situated in the center or near the base of the cells. The distal convoluted tubules (white arrows) also reveal eosinophilic cuboidal cells with round nuclei. Glomeruli: G (H&E ×400)
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Fig3: A photomicrograph of a section of rat kidney from control group treated with normal saline (2 ml/kg, i.p.) showing proximal convoluted tubules (black arrows) having cuboidal cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm and round nuclei situated in the center or near the base of the cells. The distal convoluted tubules (white arrows) also reveal eosinophilic cuboidal cells with round nuclei. Glomeruli: G (H&E ×400)

Mentions: Figures (3, 4) showed normal kidney tissue with no abnormalities when the animals treated with normal saline or DMSO, respectively. While treatment with cisplatin (7.5 mg/kg, i.p.), there were marked necrosis in proximal tubules and degeneration of the tubular epithelial cells (Fig. 5). Pretreatment with 50 % DMSO(2 ml/kg, i.p.), decreased the cisplatin induced tubular necrosis (Fig. 6) comparing with cisplatin treated animals.Fig. 3


Dimethylsulfoxide excerbates cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity in Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells.

Osman AM, Alqahtani AA, Damanhouri ZA, Al-Harthy SE, ElShal MF, Ramadan WS, Kamel F, Osman MA, Khan LM - Cancer Cell Int. (2015)

A photomicrograph of a section of rat kidney from control group treated with normal saline (2 ml/kg, i.p.) showing proximal convoluted tubules (black arrows) having cuboidal cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm and round nuclei situated in the center or near the base of the cells. The distal convoluted tubules (white arrows) also reveal eosinophilic cuboidal cells with round nuclei. Glomeruli: G (H&E ×400)
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4625967&req=5

Fig3: A photomicrograph of a section of rat kidney from control group treated with normal saline (2 ml/kg, i.p.) showing proximal convoluted tubules (black arrows) having cuboidal cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm and round nuclei situated in the center or near the base of the cells. The distal convoluted tubules (white arrows) also reveal eosinophilic cuboidal cells with round nuclei. Glomeruli: G (H&E ×400)
Mentions: Figures (3, 4) showed normal kidney tissue with no abnormalities when the animals treated with normal saline or DMSO, respectively. While treatment with cisplatin (7.5 mg/kg, i.p.), there were marked necrosis in proximal tubules and degeneration of the tubular epithelial cells (Fig. 5). Pretreatment with 50 % DMSO(2 ml/kg, i.p.), decreased the cisplatin induced tubular necrosis (Fig. 6) comparing with cisplatin treated animals.Fig. 3

Bottom Line: The aim of this work was to minimize cisplatin effective dose and the possible reduction of its severe side effects.DMSO pretreatment retained rat's serum urea and creatinine levels to normal compared to animals treated with cisplatin alone.DMSO pretreatment enhanced the cytotoxic activity of cisplatin against the growth of EAC in vivo and showed protective effects against cisplatin-induce nephrotoxicity.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia ; Pharmacology Unit, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

ABSTRACT

Background: Cisplatin (CIS) is a potent antineoplastic agent with high therapeutic efficacy against many kinds of tumors. Its use is limited by its nephrotoxicity. The aim of this work was to minimize cisplatin effective dose and the possible reduction of its severe side effects. The present study was designed to assess the role of sulfur containing agent dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) on sensitization of mammary carcinoma, Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC), to the action of cisplatin and at the same time the possible protective effect against cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity in experimental animals.

Methods: To evaluate these effects we have explored the cisplatin effect on the survival time of tumor-bearing animals, tumor weight, cisplatin cellular uptake, apoptosis induction and cell cycle distribution and renal function in presence and absence of DMSO.

Results: Cisplatin at dose of 4.5 mg/kg increased the mean survival time of tumor bearing mice to 37 days compared with tumor bearing control mice. Pretreatment of tumor bearing mice with DMSO 50 % (2 ml/kg equal to 1 gm/kg) 2 h. before cisplatin showed a significant increase in their mean survival time 43 days compared to cisplatin treated animals. DMSO pretreatment retained rat's serum urea and creatinine levels to normal compared to animals treated with cisplatin alone.

Conclusion: DMSO pretreatment enhanced the cytotoxic activity of cisplatin against the growth of EAC in vivo and showed protective effects against cisplatin-induce nephrotoxicity.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus