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Content of Zinc and Copper in Selected Plants Growing Along a Motorway.

Malinowska E, Jankowski K, Wiśniewska-Kadżajan B, Sosnowski J, Kolczarek R, Jankowska J, Ciepiela GA - Bull Environ Contam Toxicol (2015)

Bottom Line: In 2011 a study was carried out analyzing the effects of road traffic on bioaccumulation of zinc and copper in selected species of dicotyledonous plants growing on adjacent grasslands.The highest concentration of the elements, regardless of the distance from the road, was found in Taraxacum spec.The limit for copper content was exceeded in Taraxacum spec. and, slightly, in Achillea millefolium growing at the roadside, closest to the roadway.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Grassland and Landscape Architecture, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, B. Prusa 14 Street, 08-110, Siedlce, Poland. malinowskae@uph.edu.pl.

ABSTRACT
In 2011 a study was carried out analyzing the effects of road traffic on bioaccumulation of zinc and copper in selected species of dicotyledonous plants growing on adjacent grasslands. To do the research the plants were sampled from the 9-km-long Siedlce bypass, a part of the international route E-30. They were collected during the flowering stage, at following distances from the road: 1, 5, 10, 15 m. The content of zinc and copper was determined with the AAS method, with dry mineralisation done before. The highest concentration of the elements, regardless of the distance from the road, was found in Taraxacum spec. Among the tested plants, the lowest zinc content was in Vicia cracca, and the lowest copper content in Rumex acetosa. The limit for copper content was exceeded in Taraxacum spec. and, slightly, in Achillea millefolium growing at the roadside, closest to the roadway.

No MeSH data available.


Value of geo-accumulation index (Igeo) for average content of zinc in the selected plants
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Fig1: Value of geo-accumulation index (Igeo) for average content of zinc in the selected plants

Mentions: The value of the geo-accumulation index (Igeo) (Fig. 1) for average content of zinc in the test species from each distance from the roadway ranges from 0.029 to 0.039. The reference value applied was zinc content in the soil of Poland, 32.4 mg kg−1 (Terelak et al. 2000). According to Loska et al. (2004), the obtained values indicate that the plants belong to class 1 of geo-accumulation index (0 < Igeo < 1), i.e. they are lightly polluted. Geo-accumulation index had widely been used in trace metal studies of sediments and soils (Amin et al. 2009; Singh et al. 2005).Fig. 1


Content of Zinc and Copper in Selected Plants Growing Along a Motorway.

Malinowska E, Jankowski K, Wiśniewska-Kadżajan B, Sosnowski J, Kolczarek R, Jankowska J, Ciepiela GA - Bull Environ Contam Toxicol (2015)

Value of geo-accumulation index (Igeo) for average content of zinc in the selected plants
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4608985&req=5

Fig1: Value of geo-accumulation index (Igeo) for average content of zinc in the selected plants
Mentions: The value of the geo-accumulation index (Igeo) (Fig. 1) for average content of zinc in the test species from each distance from the roadway ranges from 0.029 to 0.039. The reference value applied was zinc content in the soil of Poland, 32.4 mg kg−1 (Terelak et al. 2000). According to Loska et al. (2004), the obtained values indicate that the plants belong to class 1 of geo-accumulation index (0 < Igeo < 1), i.e. they are lightly polluted. Geo-accumulation index had widely been used in trace metal studies of sediments and soils (Amin et al. 2009; Singh et al. 2005).Fig. 1

Bottom Line: In 2011 a study was carried out analyzing the effects of road traffic on bioaccumulation of zinc and copper in selected species of dicotyledonous plants growing on adjacent grasslands.The highest concentration of the elements, regardless of the distance from the road, was found in Taraxacum spec.The limit for copper content was exceeded in Taraxacum spec. and, slightly, in Achillea millefolium growing at the roadside, closest to the roadway.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Grassland and Landscape Architecture, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, B. Prusa 14 Street, 08-110, Siedlce, Poland. malinowskae@uph.edu.pl.

ABSTRACT
In 2011 a study was carried out analyzing the effects of road traffic on bioaccumulation of zinc and copper in selected species of dicotyledonous plants growing on adjacent grasslands. To do the research the plants were sampled from the 9-km-long Siedlce bypass, a part of the international route E-30. They were collected during the flowering stage, at following distances from the road: 1, 5, 10, 15 m. The content of zinc and copper was determined with the AAS method, with dry mineralisation done before. The highest concentration of the elements, regardless of the distance from the road, was found in Taraxacum spec. Among the tested plants, the lowest zinc content was in Vicia cracca, and the lowest copper content in Rumex acetosa. The limit for copper content was exceeded in Taraxacum spec. and, slightly, in Achillea millefolium growing at the roadside, closest to the roadway.

No MeSH data available.