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The Early Variation of Left Ventricular Strain after Aortic Valve Replacement by Three-Dimensional Echocardiography.

Chen Y, Zhang Z, Cheng L, Fan L, Wang C, Shu X - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: And it increased significantly at 3 months of follow-up observation compared to that before AVR (p<0.05).For the AI patients, GLS as well as GCS decreased at 1 week after AVR compared to those data at baseline (p<0.05).However, these two parameters recovered at 1 month after AVR.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, Department of Echocardiography, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Shanghai, P.R.China.

ABSTRACT
Aortic stenosis (AS) and aortic incompetence (AI) are common aortic valve diseases. Both may deteriorate into irreversible myocardial dysfunction and will increase the risk of sudden death. In this study, we aimed to investigate the early variation trend of left ventricular function by three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3D-STE) in the patients who underwent cardiac surgeries for aortic valve disease. Twenty patients with severe aortic AS and 16 patients with severe AI were enrolled. All of them underwent the aortic valve replacement (AVR) procedures. The patients' global longitudinal strain (GLS) and global circumferential strain (GCS) were evaluated by 3D-STE before surgery and at 1 week after surgery. In addition, GLS and GCS were followed at 1 month as well as 3 months after AVR. In AS patients, the GCS after AVR altered little both at 1 week (p = 0.562) and at 1 month (p = 0.953) compared with the data before the surgery. And it increased significantly at 3 months of follow-up observation compared to that before AVR (p<0.05). Meanwhile, GLS increased progressively after AVR and improved significantly at 3 months after surgery (p<0.05). For the AI patients, GLS as well as GCS decreased at 1 week after AVR compared to those data at baseline (p<0.05). However, these two parameters recovered at 1 month after AVR. Furthermore, GLS and GCS improved significantly at 3 months after the surgery (p<0.05). Therefore, both GLS and GCS were influenced by AVR and would be improved at 3 months after surgery both in AS patients or AI patients. GLS and GCS can be finely evaluated by 3D-STE, and they are helpful to determine the variation tendency of left ventricular function in patients with AVR.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

A illustration of the variety of LVEDV, LVESV, LVEF, GLS and GCS of AS patients at baseline, 1 week after AVR, 1 month after AVR and 3 months after AVR.
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pone.0140469.g002: A illustration of the variety of LVEDV, LVESV, LVEF, GLS and GCS of AS patients at baseline, 1 week after AVR, 1 month after AVR and 3 months after AVR.

Mentions: GCS in AS patients after AVR decreased at 1 week compared to that before surgery. But it did not achieve the statistical significance (-15.0% vs. -17.2%, p = 0.562) (Table B in S1 File). Afterwards, GCS recovered at 1 month compared to that before surgery (-18.0% vs. -17.2%, p = 0.953) (Table C in S1 File). After 3 months follow-up, it increased significantly when comparing to that before the cardiac surgery (-26.1% vs. -17.2%, p<0.05) (Table D in S1 File). In contrast, GLS in AS patients increased progressively after AVR. It improved obviously at 3 months after the intervention (-20.2% vs. -11.4%, p<0.05). (Table 2, Figs 1 and 2)


The Early Variation of Left Ventricular Strain after Aortic Valve Replacement by Three-Dimensional Echocardiography.

Chen Y, Zhang Z, Cheng L, Fan L, Wang C, Shu X - PLoS ONE (2015)

A illustration of the variety of LVEDV, LVESV, LVEF, GLS and GCS of AS patients at baseline, 1 week after AVR, 1 month after AVR and 3 months after AVR.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4608801&req=5

pone.0140469.g002: A illustration of the variety of LVEDV, LVESV, LVEF, GLS and GCS of AS patients at baseline, 1 week after AVR, 1 month after AVR and 3 months after AVR.
Mentions: GCS in AS patients after AVR decreased at 1 week compared to that before surgery. But it did not achieve the statistical significance (-15.0% vs. -17.2%, p = 0.562) (Table B in S1 File). Afterwards, GCS recovered at 1 month compared to that before surgery (-18.0% vs. -17.2%, p = 0.953) (Table C in S1 File). After 3 months follow-up, it increased significantly when comparing to that before the cardiac surgery (-26.1% vs. -17.2%, p<0.05) (Table D in S1 File). In contrast, GLS in AS patients increased progressively after AVR. It improved obviously at 3 months after the intervention (-20.2% vs. -11.4%, p<0.05). (Table 2, Figs 1 and 2)

Bottom Line: And it increased significantly at 3 months of follow-up observation compared to that before AVR (p<0.05).For the AI patients, GLS as well as GCS decreased at 1 week after AVR compared to those data at baseline (p<0.05).However, these two parameters recovered at 1 month after AVR.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, Department of Echocardiography, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Shanghai, P.R.China.

ABSTRACT
Aortic stenosis (AS) and aortic incompetence (AI) are common aortic valve diseases. Both may deteriorate into irreversible myocardial dysfunction and will increase the risk of sudden death. In this study, we aimed to investigate the early variation trend of left ventricular function by three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3D-STE) in the patients who underwent cardiac surgeries for aortic valve disease. Twenty patients with severe aortic AS and 16 patients with severe AI were enrolled. All of them underwent the aortic valve replacement (AVR) procedures. The patients' global longitudinal strain (GLS) and global circumferential strain (GCS) were evaluated by 3D-STE before surgery and at 1 week after surgery. In addition, GLS and GCS were followed at 1 month as well as 3 months after AVR. In AS patients, the GCS after AVR altered little both at 1 week (p = 0.562) and at 1 month (p = 0.953) compared with the data before the surgery. And it increased significantly at 3 months of follow-up observation compared to that before AVR (p<0.05). Meanwhile, GLS increased progressively after AVR and improved significantly at 3 months after surgery (p<0.05). For the AI patients, GLS as well as GCS decreased at 1 week after AVR compared to those data at baseline (p<0.05). However, these two parameters recovered at 1 month after AVR. Furthermore, GLS and GCS improved significantly at 3 months after the surgery (p<0.05). Therefore, both GLS and GCS were influenced by AVR and would be improved at 3 months after surgery both in AS patients or AI patients. GLS and GCS can be finely evaluated by 3D-STE, and they are helpful to determine the variation tendency of left ventricular function in patients with AVR.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus