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Population Structure in the Roundtail Chub (Gila robusta Complex) of the Gila River Basin as Determined by Microsatellites: Evolutionary and Conservation Implications.

Dowling TE, Anderson CD, Marsh PC, Rosenberg MS - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Our results supported previous molecular studies based on allozymes and DNA sequences, which found that most genetic variance was explained by differences among local populations.Samples from most localities were so divergent species-level diagnostic markers were not found.No species exhibited strong isolation by distance over the entire stream network, but the two species typically found in headwaters, G. nigra and G. intermedia, exhibited greater than expected genetic similarity between geographically proximate populations, and usually clustered with individuals from the same geographic location and/or sub-basin.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Life Sciences, PO Box 874501, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
Ten microsatellite loci were characterized for 34 locations from roundtail chub (Gila robusta complex) to better resolve patterns of genetic variation among local populations in the lower Colorado River basin. This group has had a complex taxonomic history and previous molecular analyses failed to identify species diagnostic molecular markers. Our results supported previous molecular studies based on allozymes and DNA sequences, which found that most genetic variance was explained by differences among local populations. Samples from most localities were so divergent species-level diagnostic markers were not found. Some geographic samples were discordant with current taxonomy due to admixture or misidentification; therefore, additional morphological studies are necessary. Differences in spatial genetic structure were consistent with differences in connectivity of stream habitats, with the typically mainstem species, G. robusta, exhibiting greater genetic connectedness within the Gila River drainage. No species exhibited strong isolation by distance over the entire stream network, but the two species typically found in headwaters, G. nigra and G. intermedia, exhibited greater than expected genetic similarity between geographically proximate populations, and usually clustered with individuals from the same geographic location and/or sub-basin. These results highlight the significance of microevolutionary processes and importance of maintaining local populations to maximize evolutionary potential for this complex. Augmentation stocking as a conservation management strategy should only occur under extreme circumstances, and potential source populations should be geographically proximate stocks of the same species, especially for the headwater forms.

No MeSH data available.


Locality map for samples characterized in the study of the Gila robusta complex from Arizona and New Mexico.Approximate locations are identified by symbols with shape and color indicating species and drainage unit, respectively (see legends for detailed information). Locality data are provided in Table 1. Reprinted from the Fish Division drainage map, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, under a CC BY license, with permission from University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, original copyright 1972.
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pone.0139832.g001: Locality map for samples characterized in the study of the Gila robusta complex from Arizona and New Mexico.Approximate locations are identified by symbols with shape and color indicating species and drainage unit, respectively (see legends for detailed information). Locality data are provided in Table 1. Reprinted from the Fish Division drainage map, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, under a CC BY license, with permission from University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, original copyright 1972.

Mentions: Sampling of Gila and Bill Williams river drainages encompassed 34 sites in seven sub-basins in Arizona and New Mexico (Bill Williams, Agua Fria, Verde, Salt, Santa Cruz, San Pedro, and Gila River mainstem–Fig 1), representing most known extant and some extirpated populations of these taxa. Minckley and DeMarais [21] summarized information meristic, morphometric and pigmentation characters of samples from locations examined here and identified them to species; therefore, we follow their taxonomic designations.


Population Structure in the Roundtail Chub (Gila robusta Complex) of the Gila River Basin as Determined by Microsatellites: Evolutionary and Conservation Implications.

Dowling TE, Anderson CD, Marsh PC, Rosenberg MS - PLoS ONE (2015)

Locality map for samples characterized in the study of the Gila robusta complex from Arizona and New Mexico.Approximate locations are identified by symbols with shape and color indicating species and drainage unit, respectively (see legends for detailed information). Locality data are provided in Table 1. Reprinted from the Fish Division drainage map, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, under a CC BY license, with permission from University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, original copyright 1972.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4608781&req=5

pone.0139832.g001: Locality map for samples characterized in the study of the Gila robusta complex from Arizona and New Mexico.Approximate locations are identified by symbols with shape and color indicating species and drainage unit, respectively (see legends for detailed information). Locality data are provided in Table 1. Reprinted from the Fish Division drainage map, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, under a CC BY license, with permission from University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, original copyright 1972.
Mentions: Sampling of Gila and Bill Williams river drainages encompassed 34 sites in seven sub-basins in Arizona and New Mexico (Bill Williams, Agua Fria, Verde, Salt, Santa Cruz, San Pedro, and Gila River mainstem–Fig 1), representing most known extant and some extirpated populations of these taxa. Minckley and DeMarais [21] summarized information meristic, morphometric and pigmentation characters of samples from locations examined here and identified them to species; therefore, we follow their taxonomic designations.

Bottom Line: Our results supported previous molecular studies based on allozymes and DNA sequences, which found that most genetic variance was explained by differences among local populations.Samples from most localities were so divergent species-level diagnostic markers were not found.No species exhibited strong isolation by distance over the entire stream network, but the two species typically found in headwaters, G. nigra and G. intermedia, exhibited greater than expected genetic similarity between geographically proximate populations, and usually clustered with individuals from the same geographic location and/or sub-basin.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Life Sciences, PO Box 874501, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
Ten microsatellite loci were characterized for 34 locations from roundtail chub (Gila robusta complex) to better resolve patterns of genetic variation among local populations in the lower Colorado River basin. This group has had a complex taxonomic history and previous molecular analyses failed to identify species diagnostic molecular markers. Our results supported previous molecular studies based on allozymes and DNA sequences, which found that most genetic variance was explained by differences among local populations. Samples from most localities were so divergent species-level diagnostic markers were not found. Some geographic samples were discordant with current taxonomy due to admixture or misidentification; therefore, additional morphological studies are necessary. Differences in spatial genetic structure were consistent with differences in connectivity of stream habitats, with the typically mainstem species, G. robusta, exhibiting greater genetic connectedness within the Gila River drainage. No species exhibited strong isolation by distance over the entire stream network, but the two species typically found in headwaters, G. nigra and G. intermedia, exhibited greater than expected genetic similarity between geographically proximate populations, and usually clustered with individuals from the same geographic location and/or sub-basin. These results highlight the significance of microevolutionary processes and importance of maintaining local populations to maximize evolutionary potential for this complex. Augmentation stocking as a conservation management strategy should only occur under extreme circumstances, and potential source populations should be geographically proximate stocks of the same species, especially for the headwater forms.

No MeSH data available.