Limits...
Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist Has a Novel Function in the Regulation of Matrix Metalloproteinase-13 Expression.

Goto H, Ishihara Y, Kikuchi T, Izawa A, Ozeki N, Okabe E, Kamiya Y, Ozawa Y, Mizutani H, Yamamoto G, Mogi M, Nakata K, Maeda H, Noguchi T, Mitani A - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: These results suggested that continuous supply of IL-1 had no effect on the induction of MMP-13 by IL-1Ra siRNA.Laminin-5, which is degraded by MMP-13, was found in the internal basal lamina of wild-type mice, whereas the internal basal lamina of IL-1Ra KO mice did not show obvious laminin-5 localization.In conclusion, IL-1Ra is associated with MMP-13 expression and has a novel function in such regulation without interference of the IL-1 signaling cascade.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Aichi Gakuin University, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.

ABSTRACT
Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is an IL-1 family member, which binds to IL-1 receptors but does not induce any intracellular signaling. We addressed whether IL-1Ra has a novel function in regulation of the extracellular matrix or adhesion molecules. Polymerase chain reaction array analysis demonstrated a ~5-fold increase in matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13) mRNA expression of IL-1Ra siRNA-transfected Ca9-22 human oral squamous epithelial carcinoma cells compared with the control. In fact, MMP-13 mRNA and protein expression as well as its activity in IL-1Ra siRNA-transfected Ca9-22 cell lines were significantly higher than those in the control. IL-1Ra siRNA treatment resulted in strong elevation of MMP-13 expression, whereas addition of rhIL-1Ra (40 ng/ml) suppressed MMP-13 expression, suggesting that IL-1Ra had a specific effect on MMP-13 induction. IL-1Ra siRNA could potently suppress IL-1α. No significant difference was found between the MMP-13 mRNA expression of IL-1Ra siRNA-transfected cells and those treated with anti-IL-1α or anti-IL-1β antibodies. These results suggested that continuous supply of IL-1 had no effect on the induction of MMP-13 by IL-1Ra siRNA. Histopathological investigation of MMP-13 in periodontal tissue showed specific localization in the junctional epithelial cells of IL-1Ra knockout (KO) mice. Furthermore, infection with Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans to establish an experimental periodontitis model resulted in predominant localization of MMP-13 along apical junctional epithelial cells. Laminin-5, which is degraded by MMP-13, was found in the internal basal lamina of wild-type mice, whereas the internal basal lamina of IL-1Ra KO mice did not show obvious laminin-5 localization. In particular, laminin-5 localization almost disappeared in the internal basal lamina of IL-1Ra KO mice infected with A. actinomycetemcomitans, suggesting that the suppression of IL-1Ra resulted in strong induction of MMP-13 that degraded laminin-5. In conclusion, IL-1Ra is associated with MMP-13 expression and has a novel function in such regulation without interference of the IL-1 signaling cascade.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Expression and localization of MMP-13 in periodontal tissue of IL-1Ra KO and WT mice.(A) At 4 weeks after infection, the mouse gingival epithelial layer was collected to examine MMP-13 levels. The levels of MMP-13 were measured by an ELISA. Differences among groups were analyzed by one-factor ANOVA and Bonferroni’s multiple comparison test. Data are expressed as the mean ± SD (n = 4). **p <0.01 vs IL-1Ra KO mice infected with A. actinomycetemcomitans. †p <0.05 vs IL-1Ra KO mice treated with PBS. (B) Localization of MMP-13 in periodontal tissue. Buccolingual sections of the second and third mandibular molars from A. actinomycetemcomitans-infected IL-1Ra KO and WT mice were stained immunohistochemically. In contrast to infected WT mice, immunohistochemical findings in periodontal tissues indicated considerable inflammatory reactions in IL-1Ra KO mice infected with A. actinomycetemcomitans.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4608771&req=5

pone.0140942.g007: Expression and localization of MMP-13 in periodontal tissue of IL-1Ra KO and WT mice.(A) At 4 weeks after infection, the mouse gingival epithelial layer was collected to examine MMP-13 levels. The levels of MMP-13 were measured by an ELISA. Differences among groups were analyzed by one-factor ANOVA and Bonferroni’s multiple comparison test. Data are expressed as the mean ± SD (n = 4). **p <0.01 vs IL-1Ra KO mice infected with A. actinomycetemcomitans. †p <0.05 vs IL-1Ra KO mice treated with PBS. (B) Localization of MMP-13 in periodontal tissue. Buccolingual sections of the second and third mandibular molars from A. actinomycetemcomitans-infected IL-1Ra KO and WT mice were stained immunohistochemically. In contrast to infected WT mice, immunohistochemical findings in periodontal tissues indicated considerable inflammatory reactions in IL-1Ra KO mice infected with A. actinomycetemcomitans.

Mentions: The levels of MMP-13 protein in the mouse gingival epithelial layer after 28 days of infection with A. actinomycetemcomitans were measured by ELISA. Collected tissue from IL-1Ra KO mice infected with A. actinomycetemcomitans had significantly high amounts of MMP-13 protein compared with the control (Fig 7A). MMP-13 expression in IL-1Ra KO mice treated with PBS was higher than that in WT mice treated with PBS. Histopathological investigation of MMP-13 in periodontal tissue showed specific localization of MMP-13 in the junctional epithelial cells of IL-1Ra KO mice (Fig 7B). Moreover, in contrast to KO mice treated with PBS, localization of MMP-13 in IL-1Ra KO mice infected with A. actinomycetemcomitans was mainly along apical junctional epithelial cells (Fig 7B).


Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist Has a Novel Function in the Regulation of Matrix Metalloproteinase-13 Expression.

Goto H, Ishihara Y, Kikuchi T, Izawa A, Ozeki N, Okabe E, Kamiya Y, Ozawa Y, Mizutani H, Yamamoto G, Mogi M, Nakata K, Maeda H, Noguchi T, Mitani A - PLoS ONE (2015)

Expression and localization of MMP-13 in periodontal tissue of IL-1Ra KO and WT mice.(A) At 4 weeks after infection, the mouse gingival epithelial layer was collected to examine MMP-13 levels. The levels of MMP-13 were measured by an ELISA. Differences among groups were analyzed by one-factor ANOVA and Bonferroni’s multiple comparison test. Data are expressed as the mean ± SD (n = 4). **p <0.01 vs IL-1Ra KO mice infected with A. actinomycetemcomitans. †p <0.05 vs IL-1Ra KO mice treated with PBS. (B) Localization of MMP-13 in periodontal tissue. Buccolingual sections of the second and third mandibular molars from A. actinomycetemcomitans-infected IL-1Ra KO and WT mice were stained immunohistochemically. In contrast to infected WT mice, immunohistochemical findings in periodontal tissues indicated considerable inflammatory reactions in IL-1Ra KO mice infected with A. actinomycetemcomitans.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4608771&req=5

pone.0140942.g007: Expression and localization of MMP-13 in periodontal tissue of IL-1Ra KO and WT mice.(A) At 4 weeks after infection, the mouse gingival epithelial layer was collected to examine MMP-13 levels. The levels of MMP-13 were measured by an ELISA. Differences among groups were analyzed by one-factor ANOVA and Bonferroni’s multiple comparison test. Data are expressed as the mean ± SD (n = 4). **p <0.01 vs IL-1Ra KO mice infected with A. actinomycetemcomitans. †p <0.05 vs IL-1Ra KO mice treated with PBS. (B) Localization of MMP-13 in periodontal tissue. Buccolingual sections of the second and third mandibular molars from A. actinomycetemcomitans-infected IL-1Ra KO and WT mice were stained immunohistochemically. In contrast to infected WT mice, immunohistochemical findings in periodontal tissues indicated considerable inflammatory reactions in IL-1Ra KO mice infected with A. actinomycetemcomitans.
Mentions: The levels of MMP-13 protein in the mouse gingival epithelial layer after 28 days of infection with A. actinomycetemcomitans were measured by ELISA. Collected tissue from IL-1Ra KO mice infected with A. actinomycetemcomitans had significantly high amounts of MMP-13 protein compared with the control (Fig 7A). MMP-13 expression in IL-1Ra KO mice treated with PBS was higher than that in WT mice treated with PBS. Histopathological investigation of MMP-13 in periodontal tissue showed specific localization of MMP-13 in the junctional epithelial cells of IL-1Ra KO mice (Fig 7B). Moreover, in contrast to KO mice treated with PBS, localization of MMP-13 in IL-1Ra KO mice infected with A. actinomycetemcomitans was mainly along apical junctional epithelial cells (Fig 7B).

Bottom Line: These results suggested that continuous supply of IL-1 had no effect on the induction of MMP-13 by IL-1Ra siRNA.Laminin-5, which is degraded by MMP-13, was found in the internal basal lamina of wild-type mice, whereas the internal basal lamina of IL-1Ra KO mice did not show obvious laminin-5 localization.In conclusion, IL-1Ra is associated with MMP-13 expression and has a novel function in such regulation without interference of the IL-1 signaling cascade.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Aichi Gakuin University, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.

ABSTRACT
Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is an IL-1 family member, which binds to IL-1 receptors but does not induce any intracellular signaling. We addressed whether IL-1Ra has a novel function in regulation of the extracellular matrix or adhesion molecules. Polymerase chain reaction array analysis demonstrated a ~5-fold increase in matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13) mRNA expression of IL-1Ra siRNA-transfected Ca9-22 human oral squamous epithelial carcinoma cells compared with the control. In fact, MMP-13 mRNA and protein expression as well as its activity in IL-1Ra siRNA-transfected Ca9-22 cell lines were significantly higher than those in the control. IL-1Ra siRNA treatment resulted in strong elevation of MMP-13 expression, whereas addition of rhIL-1Ra (40 ng/ml) suppressed MMP-13 expression, suggesting that IL-1Ra had a specific effect on MMP-13 induction. IL-1Ra siRNA could potently suppress IL-1α. No significant difference was found between the MMP-13 mRNA expression of IL-1Ra siRNA-transfected cells and those treated with anti-IL-1α or anti-IL-1β antibodies. These results suggested that continuous supply of IL-1 had no effect on the induction of MMP-13 by IL-1Ra siRNA. Histopathological investigation of MMP-13 in periodontal tissue showed specific localization in the junctional epithelial cells of IL-1Ra knockout (KO) mice. Furthermore, infection with Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans to establish an experimental periodontitis model resulted in predominant localization of MMP-13 along apical junctional epithelial cells. Laminin-5, which is degraded by MMP-13, was found in the internal basal lamina of wild-type mice, whereas the internal basal lamina of IL-1Ra KO mice did not show obvious laminin-5 localization. In particular, laminin-5 localization almost disappeared in the internal basal lamina of IL-1Ra KO mice infected with A. actinomycetemcomitans, suggesting that the suppression of IL-1Ra resulted in strong induction of MMP-13 that degraded laminin-5. In conclusion, IL-1Ra is associated with MMP-13 expression and has a novel function in such regulation without interference of the IL-1 signaling cascade.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus