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Predictive Mapping of Topsoil Organic Carbon in an Alpine Environment Aided by Landsat TM.

Yang R, Rossiter DG, Liu F, Lu Y, Yang F, Yang F, Zhao Y, Li D, Zhang G - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: The best model, combining all covariates, was only marginally better than using only imagery.The good results from imagery are likely due to (1) the strong dependence of SOC on native vegetation intensity in this Alpine environment; (2) the strong correlation in this environment between imagery and environmental covariables, especially elevation (corresponding to temperature), precipitation, and slope aspect.We conclude that multispectral satellite data from Landsat TM images may be used to predict topsoil SOC with reasonable accuracy in Alpine regions, and perhaps other regions covered with natural vegetation, and that adding topography and climate covariables to the satellite data can improve the predictive accuracy.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China; University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.

ABSTRACT
The objective of this study was to examine the reflectance of Landsat TM imagery for mapping soil organic Carbon (SOC) content in an Alpine environment. The studied area (ca. 3*104 km2) is the upper reaches of the Heihe River at the northeast edge of the Tibetan plateau, China. A set (105) of topsoil samples were analyzed for SOC. Boosted regression tree (BRT) models using Landsat TM imagery were built to predict SOC content, alone or with topography and climate covariates (temperature and precipitation). The best model, combining all covariates, was only marginally better than using only imagery. Imagery alone was sufficient to build a reasonable model; this was a bit better than only using topography and climate covariates. The Lin's concordance correlation coefficient values of the imagery only model and the full model are very close, larger than the topography and climate variables based model. In the full model, SOC was mainly explained by Landsat TM imagery (65% relative importance), followed by climate variables (20%) and topography (15% of relative importance). The good results from imagery are likely due to (1) the strong dependence of SOC on native vegetation intensity in this Alpine environment; (2) the strong correlation in this environment between imagery and environmental covariables, especially elevation (corresponding to temperature), precipitation, and slope aspect. We conclude that multispectral satellite data from Landsat TM images may be used to predict topsoil SOC with reasonable accuracy in Alpine regions, and perhaps other regions covered with natural vegetation, and that adding topography and climate covariables to the satellite data can improve the predictive accuracy.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Location of study area and sample sites.Background is a Landsat TM color composite of the study area (red: short-wave infrared band 5; green: near infrared band 4; blue: visible band 3).
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pone.0139042.g001: Location of study area and sample sites.Background is a Landsat TM color composite of the study area (red: short-wave infrared band 5; green: near infrared band 4; blue: visible band 3).

Mentions: The study area is located in the margin of the Tibetan Plateau, northwestern China. It covers an area of approximately 3*104 km2 between latitudes 37.71° and 40.03° N and longitudes 96.78° and 101.2° E (Fig 1). This region is dominated by the Qilian Mountains with high relief (1,684 to 4,600 m above sea level), and is the source of the Heihe River, the second largest inland river in China. This variation in topography is accompanied with variation in soil types, including Inceptisols, Entisols, and Histosols according to Soil Taxonomy [34]. Parent material is dominated by slope deposit, alluvial and moraine materials. The area is sparsely settled with no cities. Land use is mainly grazing lands, with some farmlands scattered near towns. The southeastern grasslands have high vegetation cover, in contrast to the northwestern and northern grasslands.


Predictive Mapping of Topsoil Organic Carbon in an Alpine Environment Aided by Landsat TM.

Yang R, Rossiter DG, Liu F, Lu Y, Yang F, Yang F, Zhao Y, Li D, Zhang G - PLoS ONE (2015)

Location of study area and sample sites.Background is a Landsat TM color composite of the study area (red: short-wave infrared band 5; green: near infrared band 4; blue: visible band 3).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4608698&req=5

pone.0139042.g001: Location of study area and sample sites.Background is a Landsat TM color composite of the study area (red: short-wave infrared band 5; green: near infrared band 4; blue: visible band 3).
Mentions: The study area is located in the margin of the Tibetan Plateau, northwestern China. It covers an area of approximately 3*104 km2 between latitudes 37.71° and 40.03° N and longitudes 96.78° and 101.2° E (Fig 1). This region is dominated by the Qilian Mountains with high relief (1,684 to 4,600 m above sea level), and is the source of the Heihe River, the second largest inland river in China. This variation in topography is accompanied with variation in soil types, including Inceptisols, Entisols, and Histosols according to Soil Taxonomy [34]. Parent material is dominated by slope deposit, alluvial and moraine materials. The area is sparsely settled with no cities. Land use is mainly grazing lands, with some farmlands scattered near towns. The southeastern grasslands have high vegetation cover, in contrast to the northwestern and northern grasslands.

Bottom Line: The best model, combining all covariates, was only marginally better than using only imagery.The good results from imagery are likely due to (1) the strong dependence of SOC on native vegetation intensity in this Alpine environment; (2) the strong correlation in this environment between imagery and environmental covariables, especially elevation (corresponding to temperature), precipitation, and slope aspect.We conclude that multispectral satellite data from Landsat TM images may be used to predict topsoil SOC with reasonable accuracy in Alpine regions, and perhaps other regions covered with natural vegetation, and that adding topography and climate covariables to the satellite data can improve the predictive accuracy.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China; University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.

ABSTRACT
The objective of this study was to examine the reflectance of Landsat TM imagery for mapping soil organic Carbon (SOC) content in an Alpine environment. The studied area (ca. 3*104 km2) is the upper reaches of the Heihe River at the northeast edge of the Tibetan plateau, China. A set (105) of topsoil samples were analyzed for SOC. Boosted regression tree (BRT) models using Landsat TM imagery were built to predict SOC content, alone or with topography and climate covariates (temperature and precipitation). The best model, combining all covariates, was only marginally better than using only imagery. Imagery alone was sufficient to build a reasonable model; this was a bit better than only using topography and climate covariates. The Lin's concordance correlation coefficient values of the imagery only model and the full model are very close, larger than the topography and climate variables based model. In the full model, SOC was mainly explained by Landsat TM imagery (65% relative importance), followed by climate variables (20%) and topography (15% of relative importance). The good results from imagery are likely due to (1) the strong dependence of SOC on native vegetation intensity in this Alpine environment; (2) the strong correlation in this environment between imagery and environmental covariables, especially elevation (corresponding to temperature), precipitation, and slope aspect. We conclude that multispectral satellite data from Landsat TM images may be used to predict topsoil SOC with reasonable accuracy in Alpine regions, and perhaps other regions covered with natural vegetation, and that adding topography and climate covariables to the satellite data can improve the predictive accuracy.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus