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Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Variants in Untreated and Tenofovir Treated Chronic Hepatitis B (CHB) Patients during Pregnancy and Post-Partum Follow-Up.

Virine B, Osiowy C, Gao S, Wang T, Castillo E, Martin SR, Lee SS, Simmonds K, van Marle G, Coffin CS - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Analysis of pregnant vs. post-partum samples showed different HBV variants and viral diversity.Differences in immune and/or by NA selective pressures during pregnancy may affect HBV evolution during pregnancy.The presence of minor VEM warrant infant follow-up.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Liver Unit, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada; Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Cumming School of Medicine, 3280 Hospital Drive NW, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

ABSTRACT

Background: Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is a dynamic disease that may be affected by immune changes in pregnancy. Guidelines suggest consideration of nucleos/tide analogs (NA), i.e., tenofovir, (TDF) in highly viremic mothers to reduce vertical transmission risk. HBV variability affects CHB outcome, but little is known about HBV genetic changes in pregnancy due to immune or NA selection.

Objectives: To evaluate HBV diversity in NA treated or untreated pregnant vs. post-partum CHB carriers.

Study design: In plasma collected from 21 mothers (7 matching pre/post-partum), HBV serological tests, genotype and viral load were assayed. The HBV pre-surface (S) /S overlapping polymerase (P) (N = 20), pre-core (C) /C (N = 11) and/or full genome PCR amplicons (N = 3) underwent clonal sequence analysis.

Results: The median age was 31 y, 71% Asian, 68% genotype B or C, 33% HBV eAg+, 5 received TDF (median HBV DNA 8.5 log IU/ml). In untreated mothers, median antepartum vs. post-partum ALT was 21 vs. 24 U/L and HBV DNA was 2.7 vs. 2.4 log(10) IU/ml. ALT and/or HBV DNA flares occurred during pregnant and/or post-partum period in 47% (10/21). Clonal sequencing antepartum showed the presence of minor "a determinant" and/or vaccine escape mutants (VEM) but drug resistant variants were infrequent. Analysis of pregnant vs. post-partum samples showed different HBV variants and viral diversity.

Conclusions: Differences in immune and/or by NA selective pressures during pregnancy may affect HBV evolution during pregnancy. The presence of minor VEM warrant infant follow-up.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Comparison of distance amongst HBV quasispecies in patients during pregnancy and post-partum in pre-S/S (A, N = 5) and pre-C/C (B, N = 5) region. Measurement of distance within patient samples is shown and compared to measurement of distance within patient samples categorized by genotype. A comparison of relative evolutionary distances of patient samples collected at different time points is shown.Measurement of HBV distance within each individual sample is shown and compared to measurement of distance within individuals categorized by genotype. A comparison of relative evolutionary distances of HBV in each sample collected at different time points is shown.
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pone.0140070.g002: Comparison of distance amongst HBV quasispecies in patients during pregnancy and post-partum in pre-S/S (A, N = 5) and pre-C/C (B, N = 5) region. Measurement of distance within patient samples is shown and compared to measurement of distance within patient samples categorized by genotype. A comparison of relative evolutionary distances of patient samples collected at different time points is shown.Measurement of HBV distance within each individual sample is shown and compared to measurement of distance within individuals categorized by genotype. A comparison of relative evolutionary distances of HBV in each sample collected at different time points is shown.

Mentions: a Both pregnant and post-partum samples were analyzed from Cases 128, 160, 176, 196, 215, 223, 226 and 233 in the pre S/S and/or in the pre-C/C region (see Fig 1A and 1B). Case #176 was followed during 2 pregnancies, HBV pre-S/S/P sequences were analyzed in a sample collected after her first pregnancy (176–2 post-partum) and during her second pregnancy (176–3). HBV Pre-C/C sequences were analyzed at 3 time-points during first pregnancy (176), post-partum (176–2) and during second pregnancy (176–3) (see Figs 1 and 2).


Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Variants in Untreated and Tenofovir Treated Chronic Hepatitis B (CHB) Patients during Pregnancy and Post-Partum Follow-Up.

Virine B, Osiowy C, Gao S, Wang T, Castillo E, Martin SR, Lee SS, Simmonds K, van Marle G, Coffin CS - PLoS ONE (2015)

Comparison of distance amongst HBV quasispecies in patients during pregnancy and post-partum in pre-S/S (A, N = 5) and pre-C/C (B, N = 5) region. Measurement of distance within patient samples is shown and compared to measurement of distance within patient samples categorized by genotype. A comparison of relative evolutionary distances of patient samples collected at different time points is shown.Measurement of HBV distance within each individual sample is shown and compared to measurement of distance within individuals categorized by genotype. A comparison of relative evolutionary distances of HBV in each sample collected at different time points is shown.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4608582&req=5

pone.0140070.g002: Comparison of distance amongst HBV quasispecies in patients during pregnancy and post-partum in pre-S/S (A, N = 5) and pre-C/C (B, N = 5) region. Measurement of distance within patient samples is shown and compared to measurement of distance within patient samples categorized by genotype. A comparison of relative evolutionary distances of patient samples collected at different time points is shown.Measurement of HBV distance within each individual sample is shown and compared to measurement of distance within individuals categorized by genotype. A comparison of relative evolutionary distances of HBV in each sample collected at different time points is shown.
Mentions: a Both pregnant and post-partum samples were analyzed from Cases 128, 160, 176, 196, 215, 223, 226 and 233 in the pre S/S and/or in the pre-C/C region (see Fig 1A and 1B). Case #176 was followed during 2 pregnancies, HBV pre-S/S/P sequences were analyzed in a sample collected after her first pregnancy (176–2 post-partum) and during her second pregnancy (176–3). HBV Pre-C/C sequences were analyzed at 3 time-points during first pregnancy (176), post-partum (176–2) and during second pregnancy (176–3) (see Figs 1 and 2).

Bottom Line: Analysis of pregnant vs. post-partum samples showed different HBV variants and viral diversity.Differences in immune and/or by NA selective pressures during pregnancy may affect HBV evolution during pregnancy.The presence of minor VEM warrant infant follow-up.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Liver Unit, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada; Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Cumming School of Medicine, 3280 Hospital Drive NW, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

ABSTRACT

Background: Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is a dynamic disease that may be affected by immune changes in pregnancy. Guidelines suggest consideration of nucleos/tide analogs (NA), i.e., tenofovir, (TDF) in highly viremic mothers to reduce vertical transmission risk. HBV variability affects CHB outcome, but little is known about HBV genetic changes in pregnancy due to immune or NA selection.

Objectives: To evaluate HBV diversity in NA treated or untreated pregnant vs. post-partum CHB carriers.

Study design: In plasma collected from 21 mothers (7 matching pre/post-partum), HBV serological tests, genotype and viral load were assayed. The HBV pre-surface (S) /S overlapping polymerase (P) (N = 20), pre-core (C) /C (N = 11) and/or full genome PCR amplicons (N = 3) underwent clonal sequence analysis.

Results: The median age was 31 y, 71% Asian, 68% genotype B or C, 33% HBV eAg+, 5 received TDF (median HBV DNA 8.5 log IU/ml). In untreated mothers, median antepartum vs. post-partum ALT was 21 vs. 24 U/L and HBV DNA was 2.7 vs. 2.4 log(10) IU/ml. ALT and/or HBV DNA flares occurred during pregnant and/or post-partum period in 47% (10/21). Clonal sequencing antepartum showed the presence of minor "a determinant" and/or vaccine escape mutants (VEM) but drug resistant variants were infrequent. Analysis of pregnant vs. post-partum samples showed different HBV variants and viral diversity.

Conclusions: Differences in immune and/or by NA selective pressures during pregnancy may affect HBV evolution during pregnancy. The presence of minor VEM warrant infant follow-up.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus