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Identification of germ cell-specific VASA and IFITM3 proteins in human ovarian endometriosis.

Fraunhoffer NA, Meilerman Abuelafia A, Stella I, Galliano S, Barrios M, Vitullo AD - J Ovarian Res (2015)

Bottom Line: Endometriosis is a gynaecological disorder that affects 6-10 % of female population.DDX4 and IFITM3 proteins were expressed in isolated cells and clusters of cells in the cortical region of ovarian endometriotic cysts.DDX4 and IFITM3 co-localized in cells from endometriotic stroma, and DDX4/IFITM3-expressing cells were positive for ESR1, OCT4 and PCNA.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centro de Estudios Biomédicos, Biotecnológicos, Ambientales y Diagnóstico, CEBBAD- Universidad Maimónides, Hidalgo 775, Buenos Aires, C1405BCK, Argentina. fraunhoffer.nicolas@maimonides.edu.

ABSTRACT

Background: Endometriosis is a gynaecological disorder that affects 6-10 % of female population. It is characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, most often in the pelvic peritoneum or ovaries. Recent studies have indicated that mesenchymal endometrial stem cells might get involved in endometriosis progression. Although germ line stem cells have been proved to exist in the ovary, their involvement in ovarian endometriosis has not been investigated. In this preliminary report we aimed to identify germinal stem cell markers in ovarian endometriosis.

Findings: Ten paraffin-embedded ovarian endometriosis samples were screened for germ cell-specific proteins DDX4 (VASA) and IFITM3, and its relation with stem cell marker OCT4, proliferation marker PCNA and estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1), by immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence and PCR. DDX4 and IFITM3 proteins were expressed in isolated cells and clusters of cells in the cortical region of ovarian endometriotic cysts. DDX4 and IFITM3 co-localized in cells from endometriotic stroma, and DDX4/IFITM3-expressing cells were positive for ESR1, OCT4 and PCNA. No cells expressing neither DDX4 nor IFITM3 were detected in normal endometrial tissue.

Conclusion: The identification of germ cell-specific proteins DDX4 and IFITM3 provides the first evidence of ovarian-sourced cells in ovarian endometriotic lesions and opens up new directions towards understanding the still confusing pathogenesis of endometriosis.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Expression of IFITM3 in ovarian endometriosis lesions and RT-PCR for DDX4 and IFITM3. a IFITM3 was detected in cytoplasm of isolated cells and in clusters of cells (dashed line). b DDX4 and IFITM3 proteins co-localized in the cytoplasm in the same cells in endometriosis lesions. c DDX4 and IFITM3 were detected through RT-PCR in ovarian endometriosis. Endometrial tissue was negative. Bar = 50 μm
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Fig3: Expression of IFITM3 in ovarian endometriosis lesions and RT-PCR for DDX4 and IFITM3. a IFITM3 was detected in cytoplasm of isolated cells and in clusters of cells (dashed line). b DDX4 and IFITM3 proteins co-localized in the cytoplasm in the same cells in endometriosis lesions. c DDX4 and IFITM3 were detected through RT-PCR in ovarian endometriosis. Endometrial tissue was negative. Bar = 50 μm

Mentions: All samples were then thoroughly analyzed by immunofluorescence. In all endometriotic samples, DDX4-positive cytoplasmic staining in stromal cells, isolated or in clusters, were undoubtedly detected (Fig. 2a). No DDX4-positive cells were detected in the 4 normal endometrial tissues inspected. Although not quantified, positive cells were low in numbers; however, samples from younger patients seemed to display higher numbers since positive cells were more easily found. PCR-analysis confirmed DDX4-mRNA expression in endometriotic samples (Fig. 3c).Fig. 2


Identification of germ cell-specific VASA and IFITM3 proteins in human ovarian endometriosis.

Fraunhoffer NA, Meilerman Abuelafia A, Stella I, Galliano S, Barrios M, Vitullo AD - J Ovarian Res (2015)

Expression of IFITM3 in ovarian endometriosis lesions and RT-PCR for DDX4 and IFITM3. a IFITM3 was detected in cytoplasm of isolated cells and in clusters of cells (dashed line). b DDX4 and IFITM3 proteins co-localized in the cytoplasm in the same cells in endometriosis lesions. c DDX4 and IFITM3 were detected through RT-PCR in ovarian endometriosis. Endometrial tissue was negative. Bar = 50 μm
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4597381&req=5

Fig3: Expression of IFITM3 in ovarian endometriosis lesions and RT-PCR for DDX4 and IFITM3. a IFITM3 was detected in cytoplasm of isolated cells and in clusters of cells (dashed line). b DDX4 and IFITM3 proteins co-localized in the cytoplasm in the same cells in endometriosis lesions. c DDX4 and IFITM3 were detected through RT-PCR in ovarian endometriosis. Endometrial tissue was negative. Bar = 50 μm
Mentions: All samples were then thoroughly analyzed by immunofluorescence. In all endometriotic samples, DDX4-positive cytoplasmic staining in stromal cells, isolated or in clusters, were undoubtedly detected (Fig. 2a). No DDX4-positive cells were detected in the 4 normal endometrial tissues inspected. Although not quantified, positive cells were low in numbers; however, samples from younger patients seemed to display higher numbers since positive cells were more easily found. PCR-analysis confirmed DDX4-mRNA expression in endometriotic samples (Fig. 3c).Fig. 2

Bottom Line: Endometriosis is a gynaecological disorder that affects 6-10 % of female population.DDX4 and IFITM3 proteins were expressed in isolated cells and clusters of cells in the cortical region of ovarian endometriotic cysts.DDX4 and IFITM3 co-localized in cells from endometriotic stroma, and DDX4/IFITM3-expressing cells were positive for ESR1, OCT4 and PCNA.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centro de Estudios Biomédicos, Biotecnológicos, Ambientales y Diagnóstico, CEBBAD- Universidad Maimónides, Hidalgo 775, Buenos Aires, C1405BCK, Argentina. fraunhoffer.nicolas@maimonides.edu.

ABSTRACT

Background: Endometriosis is a gynaecological disorder that affects 6-10 % of female population. It is characterized by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, most often in the pelvic peritoneum or ovaries. Recent studies have indicated that mesenchymal endometrial stem cells might get involved in endometriosis progression. Although germ line stem cells have been proved to exist in the ovary, their involvement in ovarian endometriosis has not been investigated. In this preliminary report we aimed to identify germinal stem cell markers in ovarian endometriosis.

Findings: Ten paraffin-embedded ovarian endometriosis samples were screened for germ cell-specific proteins DDX4 (VASA) and IFITM3, and its relation with stem cell marker OCT4, proliferation marker PCNA and estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1), by immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence and PCR. DDX4 and IFITM3 proteins were expressed in isolated cells and clusters of cells in the cortical region of ovarian endometriotic cysts. DDX4 and IFITM3 co-localized in cells from endometriotic stroma, and DDX4/IFITM3-expressing cells were positive for ESR1, OCT4 and PCNA. No cells expressing neither DDX4 nor IFITM3 were detected in normal endometrial tissue.

Conclusion: The identification of germ cell-specific proteins DDX4 and IFITM3 provides the first evidence of ovarian-sourced cells in ovarian endometriotic lesions and opens up new directions towards understanding the still confusing pathogenesis of endometriosis.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus